Frankfurt / Bonn / Gerlingen (dpa) - First German top managers are campaigning for the introduction of a CO2 tax. "In Europe or in all industrialized countries, we need a CO2 tax that is predictably increasing in the long term," said Frank Appel, head of Deutsche Post, the "Rheinische Post" (Saturday).
"Then consumers and companies can adapt to their behavior and invest specifically in systems that limit the emission of CO2."
As head of the largest European logistics group, he does not believe that climate protection is a pity for the economy, Appel said. "We will have greener growth, but not less. Less growth would only be expected if people were banned from buying certain goods or traveling anywhere. "
The boss of the world's largest automotive supplier Bosch, Volkmar Denner, was also open to a tax on the greenhouse gas. "Technology openness could be promoted through the CO2 pricing, such as a tax on greenhouse gas emissions," Denner writes in his column in the Bosch corporate blog.
But: "Carbon pricing alone will not lead to climate neutrality in all sectors of the economy". It needs flanking measures. For example, the revenue from the tax could be reinvested in the traffic turnaround.
In the face of climate change, Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) is campaigning for a CO2 tax. It proposes to increase the price of petrol and diesel, heating oil and natural gas by higher energy taxes by 35 euros per tonne of CO2 produced by burning. The Union's economic wing, on the other hand, rejects a CO2 tax.
Background of the debate is that Germany currently misses its own and international goals in climate protection. In the second half of September, the federal government wants to lash out a package that ensures that at least the goal for 2030 - 55 percent less greenhouse gases than 1990 - is achieved.
The "economic practices" recommended to the federal government on Friday to make the emission of carbon dioxide in heating and in traffic more expensive. The consultants consider transitional both a new national emissions trading possible and a CO2 tax. The state should, however, return revenue from it to the citizens.
Basic approval for the proposals of the Council of Experts came from the Mechanical Engineering Association VDMA. "Gasoline, diesel or electricity must be priced according to their climate damage," said Naemi Denz, member of the VDMA executive board. "In doing so, we are creating a truly market-based and cross-sectoral approach. This would encourage the further development of climate-friendly technologies, which is indispensable to achieving the Paris objectives. "
The German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) called for an international solution. What is needed is a "cross-sectoral and at least EU-wide approach," said President Bernhard Mattes. "This will reduce CO2 emissions efficiently and sustainably."
Also reserved was Lufthansa CEO Carsten Spohr. "In Germany, we already have a CO2 tax, by the way, much higher than the recently announced for France. It's just called air traffic tax, "he told the Swiss newspaper NZZ am Sonntag.
But he could only warn that every country in Europe its own and possibly different starting measure. «This would have massive circumvention effects on the part of airlines and passengers.» France's government had announced on Tuesday, from 2020 to raise an environmental tax on airline tickets.
"Our long-haul competitors are now based in Turkey, the United Arab Emirates or for flights over the North Atlantic in the US. They will all levy no CO2 levies and would deduct passengers from us, "Spohr continued. "This only damages European airlines and economies. We do not protect the climate with it. "
Statements by Denner in the Bosch blog