Julen rescue in the well: "the mountain sends"
It was one of the possibilities and finally it has happened. The difficulty of the terrain where the well in which Julen is trapped, the small two-year-old who fell down 1
Julen rescue, live
The miners go down to the well: How long before Julen's rescue?
The bullocks of the Julen case
These are the eight miners who work against the clock to rescue Julen
Can Julen stay alive after 12 days?
The rescue of Julen, at critical moments after the third microvoladur
It was one of the possibilities and finally it has happened. The difficulty of the terrain where the well in which Julen is trapped, the small two-year-old who fell 12 days ago in Totalán (Málaga), has meant a new setback in his rescue.
Specialists of the Civil Guard have executed microvoladuras this dawn in the gallery that is excavated when bumping into the hardness of the terrain. It would be the same problems of hardness of the rock that arose when drilling the vertical tunnel .
A new obstacle that has once again slowed down a rescue that is already slow given the type of terrain in the area. Even so the spirits do not decay and the miners have already managed to excavate 2 meters of the 3.8 meters of the gallery that will connect with the well where Julen is located. "The terrain does not help much", have assured sources of the rescue device.
The eight men from the Hunosa Mining Rescue Brigade started working in the gallery at 5:33 pm on Thursday. A job that is expected to take around 24 hours of which more than half have already been completed. It is a laborious operation because the miners must go up and down two by two in a capsule through the tunnel.
But despite everything , "optimism" is not lost . This has been assured by the spokesman of the Civil Guard, Jorge Martin, who at the last hour of this Thursday said that among the rescue group -formed by 26 soldiers- "there is great optimism and a lot of courage to find the place where find Julen . " A general optimism among all the members of the team that have been in Totalán since last day 13 when the small one fell.
The spokesman of the Civil Guard, Jorge Martín, has explained that after the two blastings carried out on the night of Thursday, hours later a third microvoladura has been produced. According to he assured, these works in which the Civil Guard intervenes take two hours between the miners to make small holes in the rock that has to be flown, the preparation of the explosives and then the ventilation process to extract the polluted air and the gases
He has not given deadlines but has insisted that it is the mountain that marks the rhythm of work - "the mountain sends" -, reiterating that they are encountering "extremely hard " material, as it happened with the vertical drilling done before of this phase.
The critical point of the rescue
Neither the hardness of the land, nor the microvoladuras, nor the time are the critical points of the rescue. The critical point is to communicate the gallery with the well. This has been explained by Santiago Suárez, former director of the Mine Action Intervention Brigade of Hunosa, who said that "there is another critical point that is how to communicate the gallery with the point where" the child is.
In an interview with Onda Cero, he said that one should be "very careful" at that moment, and he has highlighted as a "positive" fact that the terrain in which the miners work at seventy meters of depth is hard, which avoids possible collapses although it slows down the advance to the well.
The distance is indicative
"What about the four meters is a bit orientative, because there is no kind of data on where they are going", added the former director of the Brigade, before pointing out that "we are already close", but "there is no some coordinates " and the minor can be" a little less or a little more "far from what they foresee.
The miners work with a drill of two meters in length , which they usually use, and also perform microvoladuras own of mining work, and for this they use a "type of explosive expansive, not groundbreaking.The objective is to soften the ground to move forward " , Suarez explained.
Two meters from Julen
The excavation of the horizontal gallery that will lead to Julen has already reached two meters. In other words, the 8 miners who have been working tirelessly since Thursday have managed to excavate and prop up the middle of the tunnel , an effort in which they continue to advance slowly, with artificial light and oxygen.
The hardness of the rock, an advantage
Sources of the brigade estimate that the hardness of the slate rock faced by the rescuers, although it is a powerful impediment to approaching Julen, implies an advantage in two extremes .
On the one hand, the material can be more stable and "convenient" when making the so-called "cale": the small hole / sounding that ends the communication between the two vertical tunnels, where the miners of the Salvage Brigade will be able to In principle introduce a small camera to verify that Julen Roselló is, as estimated by the calculations, between the -71 and -73 levels. The consistency of the slate, thus, would facilitate that there would not be sinkings or "derrabes" , in the jargon, in that operation.
On the other hand, and making the virtue of necessity, the hardness of the land, bordering on impregnability, could also facilitate the work of dislodging, so to speak, the child from the rock in which he supposedly makes a stopper - what is called 'unlock' in slang.
If this material is softer and unstable, the operation can suffer more setbacks , taking into account that, being at that level, the small Julen would still have several meters of depth of fall under his feet. Everything counts when it comes to guaranteeing the safety of the protagonists of a rescue of a complexity that, as the days go by, rather than subside seems to be getting worse.
The gallery reaches 1.5 meters
The gallery to rescue Julen has already reached one and a half meters of length of the necessary 3.8 and has forced to execute a second microvoladura before the complex conditions of the land.
They ask for "patience"
Even with the "optimism" and the untouchable spirit, Martin has asked for "patience in the sense of the times marked by the rescue team , who have stated on different occasions that they can be reached by 24 hours". A Civil Guard helicopter parked in an area close to the rescue and a medicalized one are ready for news of Julen.
Parents have not lost hope
Little Julen's parents have not moved from the command post since this afternoon. Last night they attended a vigil in the town called to pray for their son, in which they were accompanied by some two hundred people.
The event was led by Juan José Cortés, the father of Mari Luz, who announced this call "for God to work that miracle and give strength to the miners, Julen and their parents . "
"Today is probably the last night that Julen is there (...) The parents have told me that they have not lost hope," Mari Luz's father, Juan José Cortés , spokesperson for the Julen family, said on Thursday. press conference from the command post of the rescue device. Cortés has appeared on Thursday morning to tell the situation of the child's parents in these last hours of the device.
An appearance in which he has shown himself very hard with the hoaxes published by some media. "Julen has not appeared and the family asks for respect, legal actions will be taken against said media," he announced.
Complete the tubing of the well
The tubing process of the 60 meters vertical perforated tunnel to rescue Julen has finally concluded early on Thursday.
Now we proceed to add the 12 meters of tube over the mouth of the tunnel and fill the space around this cylinder to create the access platform in that cited, as reported by the Government Subdelegation in Malaga.
Difficulties you may encounter
In case they are hit with a stone of special hardness, specialists in microvoladuras could intervene to crack the rock.
The firemen will provide logistical support related to ventilation and the safety of the operation . That is why in the area of work in addition to the miners and firefighters, will be effective Civil Guard -among them mountain equipment-, the Emergency Health Company 061 and Emergency Coordination 112 Andalusia.
"The best specialists in the country"
"There are the best specialists in our country" to perform jobs that are "difficult" , assured the president of the Provincial Fire Department of Malaga (CPB) and deputy, Francisco Delgado Bonilla. The deputy has also indicated that "everything has been planned" , always "guaranteeing security" and has indicated that the firefighters are prepared to help the Hunosa Mining Rescue Brigade.
The provincial deputy has hoped that "throughout the day, this Wednesday, if there are no adversities" these specialists in mines, who arrived last week and who have already moved to the area as every morning , can begin this horizontal gallery , which would take about 24 hours.
"We are prepared for when the time comes that concerns us, together with the miners who are the ones who have to do the work, provide them with all the necessary technical and logistical support , " he said.
An "extreme and unprecedented" situation
The delegate of the Government in Andalusia, Alfonso Rodríguez Gómez de Celis , has affirmed that work continues to rescue Julen "with the desire to arrive as quickly as possible". The representative of the Central Executive in the region has asked "to be aware that the well measures approximately the same as the Giralda de Sevilla" , so there has been "a quite important fall".
In this regard, he commented that the work continues, after "reducing the burrs that were left when the tunnel was made", so that the tubes for the jacket can enter. All this, as he warned, "is done in an extreme and unprecedented situation, because there is no precedent in the world that can serve as a reference" , to which he has added "a third element" such as "sufficient delicacy not to harming the child more, beyond the damage that would have occurred in the fall. "
An "awesome" job
The Government Delegation has made an appeal not to add "more pressure" to the professionals who are working on the rescue because they are already working "under hard enough pressure" on a task whose magnitude is "impressive".
"It is the work of many men and women who impressively are 24 hours without rest to achieve the desire of all of us, which is to reach Julen as soon as possible and they do it with an exceptional team not only technical but also human", said Gómez de Celis, who pointed out that "everything that is needed is here in Totalán".
Totalán, "family" of Julen
Totalán is overturned with the rescue of Julen . The town of the child has become "a family", in the words of its mayor, Miguel Angel Escaño . The small town of Malaga with just 700 inhabitants has welcomed the parents of Julen and the rescue operation with all their hope. "I have done what had to be done and that's it," said the owner of the house where Julen's parents are staying, Ángela Alcaide , to Efe.
Alcaide has indicated that she does not seek "any protagonism", but to offer herself "from the soul" to her and her husband, who have made available to the Julen family the "little" they have. "What we want is to end this nightmare," she said, who is "overwhelmed" and "very worried" while the news of the case on television from his home in the town of La Cala del Moral .
The house, which Alcaide uses for his holidays, has "the conditions for this family to rest and not be overwhelmed," among which are bedding, "good blankets", bathroom, toilet, kitchen, three bedrooms, a dining room and other functionalities; In addition to having a location on the outskirts of the town that facilitates discretion and transport where they need.
"They are there as if it were their house, as long as it takes ."
The well and works are illegal
While the rescue tasks continue, a court in Malaga investigates the circumstances in which the unfortunate incident occurred. The court of Instruction number 9 of Malaga, based on a report from the Service of Protection of Nature (Seprona) of the Civil Guard , has commissioned a series of actions after noting that both the well in which the child fell and the works that were carried out in the days before the accident -and that caused the stone that the pocero had placed on the hole to move- did not have the pertinent permits.
David , owner of the farm and husband of a relative of Julen's parents, and Antonio Sánchez , pocero who did the prospecting blame each other
The tube does not fit and you have to drill again
The rescue of Julen has become complicated again. Hunosa's Mining Rescue Brigade troops were ready to intervene on Tuesday morning, but the vertical gallery has turned out to be too narrow for the tube that had to cover its walls. The problem, explains the deputy of the Provincial Fire Brigade of Malaga Francisco Delgado , is that the excavation does not leave the walls smooth. "With a 30-centimeter stone protruding, the tube does not fit", underlines EL MUNDO.
Once this new work is completed, it will be the turn of this elite brigade, in charge of digging manually the tunnel that communicates horizontally with the well. Santiago Suárez , head of the Mining Rescue Brigade , explained in La Sexta that the greatest difficulty his men face is the hardness of the terrain, "uncharacteristically, strangely hard", so his manual intervention with the pneumatic hammer can require the use of microexplosives that "crack and soften the ground".
Throughout the night work has been done without rest to finish the excavation of the parallel tunnel after the drilling of 60 meters of the gallery concluded on Monday. The operation has taken 55 hours to complete, at a speed of 1.1 meters per hour . The rescue teams have completed the digging of the vertical tunnel parallel to the well that fell Julen 9 days ago, according to the deputy of the Provincial Fire Department of Malaga , Francisco Delgado, but new problems with the jacket of the tunnel could delay until Wednesday the rescue of the little one.
On knees in 40 minute shifts
Santiago Suárez , former head of the Hunosa Mining Rescue Brigade displaced to Totalán, explained that the 8-strong team that will be in charge of the last meters of the horizontal tunnel (4 meters) will have to work on their knees or lying down in shifts of between 40 minutes to an hour to locate the child .
"They will work at a distance from the ground in order to leave it as a boiler to take away the rubble they are producing." When the gallery reaches one or two meters, they will move the cage upwards .
The Government delegate expects "a happy ending"
The Government delegate in Andalusia, Alfonso Rodríguez Gómez de Celis, has indicated on Tuesday that he expects "a happy ending throughout today and tomorrow" in the rescue of Julen. This was stated during his speech at the opening of an informative breakfast held by La Voz de Almería , in which he expressed the "longing we have for everything to end well."
This will be the last meters until you reach Julen
The eight experts in mining rescue who will participate in the complicated tasks will do it in turns of two . The next phase is the gallery cladding works. Subsequently, the level of the mouth of the well that has just been executed will be re-established and the pit where the drilling machine was positioned will be filled.
They will descend in a rescue capsule, 1.05 meters in diameter by 2.5 meters high , designed by the technical director of the Provincial Fire Brigade of Málaga , Julián Moreno , and manufactured by blacksmiths from the Malaga municipality of Alhaurín de la Torre.
This capsule, which looks like an elevator, is driven through a precision crane , and has air ducts; in addition to a townhouse to load almost 500 kilos of land.
The savior of the miners of Chile: "Have hope"
As soon as he received the information, Rodrigo Reveco knew that they needed him from the other side of El Charco. He had never been to Totalán , province of Málaga , Spain. Nor had I listened until then to talk about little Julen , the two-year-old boy who fell into a pit last Sunday. However, Reveco had seen himself in a situation of similar harshness. This civil engineer and Chilean emergency consultant designed, in 2010, the mechanical cylindrical capsule, which transcended as Fénix capsule , and which allowed to rescue alive the 33 miners who remained trapped in San Jose for 17 days in 2010 .
His first impulse was to write to the Embassy of Spain in Santiago de Chile offering his expertise for the rescue of Julen. "We have initiated the pertinent steps to send your valuable proposal to the competent authorities." He did not know more. But when a journalist sent him a tweet that showed the plans of the 'lift' by which the miners rescuers would have to go in search of Julen, he could not help it. The result is that Reveco works hand in hand with the Provincial Fire Brigade of Malaga to advise them in the rescue of the child of Totalán.
"We exchanged a couple of ideas and I gave him free access to all the plans," says the engineer in a telephone conversation with EL MUNDO. Reveco insists that the situation is even more complicated than what he himself lived in Chile nine years ago: "The mining world is one and I think the rescue work that has been done is correct and very precise, the idea forces It has been proposed is absolutely favorable, "he says, and recalls that there were also delays in San José to find rocks of special hardness, which even broke part of the machinery used: " We also made mistakes . "
The delays, he acknowledges, "lower spirits and discourage", but seeks to send a positive message to the rescue team: "Have a lot of patience, control the adrenaline and do your work in consciousness , without thinking about all the people who have over " "Have hope," he emphasizes, "we managed to rescue the miners alive 17 days later."
Psychological help for the family
The child's family, which follows the work with hope from the front, is receiving psychological attention by a team of professionals who try to control and regulate their emotions in the face of uncertainty about the rescue and in circumstances that are exceptional.
Francisca Ruiz , vice-dean of the School of Psychologists of Eastern Andalusia , explained today to Efe that, since last 13th, two specialists are permanently with the parents of the child and their relatives, and they are rotating among the different classmates. They aim to prevent possible later disorders, such as post-traumatic stress or chronic anxiety crises . The vice-dean has indicated that they are encountering "many peaks" of emotions, following the news coming from the technicians regarding the rescue of Julen, and his job is to "regulate those peaks and that can be the most serene possible to handle the situation. "
"Very complex rock formations"
The difficulties of the terrain have delayed the work that continues "without rest" since last Sunday, the sources have stressed. The speed "is subordinated to the geological materials that we are finding", García Vidal explained. These are very complex rock formations "formed by phyllites and materials with more quartzite composition, that is, we go from hard to harder, and this is the fundamental reason why at certain times the drilling speed is slower and slows down everything ", underlines the representative in Malaga of the Association of Civil Engineers of Andalusia.
In addition, the device has concreted the area of the dismount to avoid landslides while continuing the drilling and backhoe loaders that during the last days have covered the surface of the hill of the Crown have begun to retire, once the great work platform has been constructed from the which the tunneling machine operates.
It took 12 days to get here, dozens of hours without rest and hundreds of people who have formed a multidisciplinary team to work indefatigably since the past 13 occurred the unfortunate accident, although the truth is that a work of Civil engineering of such magnitude would take months under normal conditions.
The Cerro de la Corona of the Malaga municipality of Totalán has disappeared as it was known after the work of clearing and the movement of thousands of cubic meters of sand .
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