[What these cultural relics look like today65] The village written by writer Liu Qing...
Jinan Mountain is an important mountain range in the Qinling mountain system. There are many villages under the southern mountain, and Huangfu Village, Wangqu Street, Chang'an District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, is quite a special one - the writer Liu Qing once took the customs and customs of Huangfu Village and the shortcomings of parents to heart, injected it into the pen, and wrote the classic novel "History of Entrepreneurship".
In early autumn, we rushed early in the morning, thinking of taking advantage of the good temper of the head of the sun to visit Huangfu Village.
Huangfu Village has a long history and is located in the Imperial Residence River in the ancient forest garden. It is rumored that the ancestor of the Han Dynasty, Liu Bang, built the "Hetian Wuji Palace" here in honor of the hero Ji Xin. In 2006, several Han "Yo Tianwuji" wattang pieces were unearthed here, which are printed with the account of the Han Dynasty Imperial Lodge Imperial Residence Palace. The village has 1650 households and 5380 people. At the beginning of the founding of New China, the enthusiasm of the masses of Huangfu Village to transform the old world and create a new life deeply attracted the writer Liu Qing, who resigned from the post of deputy secretary of the Chang'an County Party Committee in 1953 and plunged into Huangfu Village, where he lived for 14 years.
Liu Qing is a landmark figure in the history of contemporary Chinese literature. He once said that writing a novel is like a flat burden, "one end is to pick life, the other is to pick skills." In 14 years, he completed the essay collection "Three Years in Huangfu Village", the novella "Hate Iron" and the novel "History of Entrepreneurship" in Huangfu Village. "History of Entrepreneurship" has also been translated into many languages, and has also promoted Huangfu Village to the world. Liu Qing also donated more than 1,6 yuan of the manuscript fee of "Entrepreneurial History" to electrify the village, set up an agricultural machinery factory, and repair the Henan Bridge. After Liu Qing's death, he followed his last wish and buried some of his ashes in Huangfu Village.
Coming to Liu Qing's former residence, there are already tourists waiting outside the door. The former residence is the posture of the courtyard of the crops in Guanzhong Province. Near the opening of the museum, a gray-haired old man rode an "auspicious leopard" electric car and parked steadily in front of the former residence. The old man wore dark blue crewneck short sleeves and a party emblem pinned to his chest. He took out the key and opened the courtyard door with a solemn expression.
The old man's name is Liu Tianmin, he is 78 years old this year, and he was only 6 years old when Liu Qing settled in Huangfu Village. He is the prototype of the talented baby in "The History of Entrepreneurship". His name was given by his grandfather, with a simple wish, "that is, I wish this grandson a field." If there is a field, there is a foundation for "starting a family".
But this wish was once far away.
Liu Qing wrote in "History of Entrepreneurship": "Gao Zengfu is unlucky. The ditch in the southern mountains of Tangheyu is deep, but after walking through the forty miles of Longwo Cave, it will come to the end. Gao Zengfu's bad luck seems to have no end. "In the book, Gao Zengfu is the father of Caiwa, and it is also based on Liu Tianmin's father Liu Yuanfeng.
"What is written in the book is true. He wrote that Gao Zengfu lost his mother-in-law, and became a father and mother to take care of his son. My mother is long gone... Li is a little stronger than Caiwa, that is, there is also Liu Liu Qingbo who takes out his heart and lungs to treat Li well. Without Liu Qingbo, there would be no Liuqingbo today. That's it! Liu Tianmin took the "History of Entrepreneurship" that the reporter carried with him, flipped through it, and said that what was written in it was in line with the previous days.
"In summer, mosquitoes bite people to death, and toad drums are so noisy that they can lift you! In winter, you see, this rice field and wild beach place, how hard the wind is outside! This is Liu Qing's description of the local environment, Liu Tianmin said that it was like this at that time, "Winter clothes are just a few pieces of rotten cloth, too cold to wear on the body, just fold it on the left, fold it on the right, wrap it tightly, and try to be at ease." What a frying! ”
Liu Tianmin's "boiling and frying", "this is it" and "happy wishes" are all mantras of the characters in "The History of Entrepreneurship".
This novel is a fruit that grows on the land of Huangfu Village. Most of the characters in the work have prototypes here, and the time in the work is basically synchronized with reality. The process of writing the novel itself is the process of Liu Qing sinking into the depths of life and integrating into the people's determination to "start a business".
General Secretary Xi Jinping mentioned Liu Qing in his important speech at the symposium on literary and artistic work, pointing out, "Because he has an in-depth understanding of the life of peasants in Guanzhong in Shaanxi, his characters are so lifelike." Liu Qing was well aware of the joys and sorrows of the villagers, and the central government issued a policy involving rural peasants, and he could immediately imagine in his mind whether the peasant masses were happy or unhappy. ”
Liu Qing's former residence hangs many photos of him and farmers together, all wearing straw hats and trouser legs, sitting side by side on a field ridge.
Liu Qing had high hopes for the later life Liang Shengbao in the novel, writing that when he "started a business", he had an ideal burning fire in his heart, "Young crop people, once this inner heat is ignited, they will become desperate to enter the charm." And Liu Qing wrote "History of Entrepreneurship" in the spirit of "entrepreneurship", and there is also a "hot fire" in her heart.
Before the novel's publication, he had been polishing, imploring the publisher to postpone the publication, "I am a sick man who works slowly... Please erase your plans for the third quarter." He is also going to rewrite the whole book and solve all the "potholes".
For Liu Qing, the process of "entrepreneurship" is also the process of "creating hearts" and "creating aspirations".
Today, "entrepreneurship", "creativity" and "creation" have been passed down in Huangfu Village, and there are new creations.
Liu Qing's ten-mile toad beach on the bank of the Diao River once dried up its water source, changed the paddy fields to dry land, and planted wheat. In recent years, Wangqu Street has launched the "entrepreneurship" plan in the new era, through a series of projects such as the comprehensive treatment of the Diao River, the construction of water systems, and the transformation of farmland, adopting the model of agricultural cooperatives with villagers as the main body, restoring the landscape of rice fields in Shili Toad Beach, and promoting the integration of agriculture, culture and tourism industries.
"By organizing rice harvest festivals, rice music festivals, and carrying out parent-child fish catching activities, the planting and breeding base creates the characteristics of 'reading the history of entrepreneurship', experiencing rice farming, and eating rice turtles and rice fish', exploring the diversified value of agriculture, and effectively promoting rural revitalization." "Always in the forest," said Yao Yunhong, head of the rice-fishery integrated farming base.
"Although the road of life is long, there are often only a few steps at the critical point, especially when people are young." Silently reciting this famous sentence in the "History of Entrepreneurship", the "Three Musketeers of Entrepreneurship" from Ankang, Shaanxi Province, also set their sights on Huangfu Village.
Ma Peiyuan, Wang Gan, and Zhong Yang are all from Ankang Hanyin County, and they were admitted to the Art College of Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology together in high school, and they all had the ambition of "three rural areas" when they graduated. They give full play to their strengths and transform the old houses in the village, so that the homestay retains its quaint appearance and is more livable; Through wall painting, the countryside is given a new look; Carry out live broadcast to bring goods, so that the native products of Huangfu Village can go to the "cloud"... These initiatives continue to attract tourists and Internet users from all over the country, allowing more people to know Liu Qing and further polishing the brand of "Huangfu Village" and "Entrepreneurial History".
The reporter came to the old house where they rented to start "creation", which is only a few minutes' drive from Liu Qing's former residence.
The painting of the whole wall, a fat cat lying in the clouds, is very pleasant. The phrase "I can expect you to come" on the door curtain is very kind. When you enter the door, the smell of old tape players, enamel bowls and other old things blends with a simple and refreshing modern style. The eight words "Keep Loving and Go to the Mountains and Seas" are on the wall, and there is also an English expression: "Rush off to the world and keep loving." ”
"The transformation process is time-consuming and labor-intensive, and I almost can't bear it. But entrepreneurship always requires a process, and achieving ideals requires setbacks and tribulations. In addition, the village and the street provide timely support, such as increasing the improvement of the surrounding environment, repairing roads, building parking lots, simplifying various procedures, and checking for potential safety hazards, etc., so that we have no worries and focus on entrepreneurship. Zhong Yang said, just as Liang Shengbao said: "Take it!" Just take it! ”
"It is difficult to start a business..." This is a rural proverb in the inscription of "History of Entrepreneurship". Today, in the novel's "hometown" Huangfu Village, our feelings are also three words - "entrepreneurial joy"! (Guangming Daily reporter Wang Guoping Zhang Zhehao).