On the evening of September 9, the "Pu'er Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest Cultural Landscape" declared by China was successfully listed on the World Heritage List, becoming the world's first tea-themed world cultural heritage. So, what are the reasons behind the success of the Jingmai Mountain Ancient Tea Forest application? Listen to the experts.
Chen Yaohua, Director of the World Heritage Research Center of Peking University: Jingmai Mountain is a tea culture landscape, and it has many specific natural factors, such as its soil conditions, climatic conditions, and water conditions. There are also the clouds and fog that everyone sees, the sea of clouds in Jingmai Mountain is not only very beautiful, but also has a very large effect on the replenishment of winter moisture, so these are its specific natural conditions.
Chen Yaohua, Director of the World Heritage Research Center of Peking University: Forest reclamation and understory planting are the most critical points in the core technology or core value of the entire Jingmai Mountain. In the forest, instead of cutting down all the forest and planting it, the surrounding area where the settlement is located is selected to reclaim a small area. For each small piece of it is planted under the forest, most of the trees are retained, and then the natural ecosystem is fully utilized to effectively prevent diseases and pests, provide nutrients, and solve the two most critical elements in our agricultural production, that is, the control of pests and diseases and the provision of nutrients, and the sustainable evolution and sustainable development of our agricultural production are realized in an organic way.
Chen Yaohua, director of the World Heritage Research Center of Peking University: They believe that all things are spiritual, of course, "spirit" is actually a god, more of a kind of we have to respect nature and protect nature, our mountain trees can not be cut casually, the water in the mountain cannot be polluted, we cannot go to the mountain to quarry at will, so it is a simple ecological ethic. Under this ethic, a lot of superb ecological wisdom has been found, its land plane use and vertical use, its village construction technology has done a very good job. In addition, what is more important is its special relatively closed small geomorphological unit, which is also related to its tea genes, and its traditions of these cultures can be relatively intact.
How does the ancient tea forest of Jingmai Mountain grow?
With the successful application of the ancient tea forest of Jingmai Mountain, this "paradise" will not only receive more attention, but also face more challenges brought by tourism. How can this heritage be used rationally on the basis of effective protection? To further promote this sustainable green development concept to the subsequent tourism industry, continue to listen to the views of Chen Yaohua, Director of the World Heritage Research Center of Peking University.
Chen Yaohua, director of the World Heritage Research Center of Peking University: For example, we can't get a lot of people up on our mountain in the future, because we have such a large space on the mountain, and our environmental capacity is more than 3000,6000 people, so if you come in <>,<> people at once, it will definitely have a great impact on our environmental health and our facilities. Tourist service facilities, we hope to put them at the bottom of the mountain, just build the tourist town under the mountain, and the pressure on the mountain will be reduced. There are some cultural tourism and various other industries related to tea, and we think we can also develop it, which can effectively change our single economic structure of relying on tea, so that our industrial structure can better achieve transformation and development. (CCTV News Client)