Wuxi, September 9 (Reporter Sun Quan) On the 17th, the seminar on preventive protection and restoration of cultural relics excavated under the background of national archaeology and the unveiling ceremony of the East China Workstation of the Key Scientific Research Base of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage on the Protection of Cultural Relics at the Archaeological Excavation Site were held in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province.
The East China Workstation of the Key Scientific Research Base of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage for the Protection of Cultural Relics at the archaeological excavation site was inaugurated. Photo courtesy of Wuxi Taihu National Tourism Resort Rong Media Center
At the unveiling ceremony, Wuxi Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Fudan University jointly released a latest scientific and technological archaeological achievement - human bone detection report during the Majiabang culture period at the Ma'an site in Wuxi.
"For the first time, we have successfully obtained ancient human genome data from the Majiabang culture period 6000,<> years ago, filling the gap in ancient DNA research in southern China due to environmental impact and poor preservation. At present, ancient DNA data in the Yangtze River Basin are still limited, and it is important to carry out this work. Du Panxin, a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Science and Technology Archaeology of Fudan University, said when releasing the report.
The Majiabang culture is the earliest Neolithic culture found in the Wuxi area. In June this year, the Wuxi Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out laboratory archaeological exploration of two tombs from the Majiabang culture period more than 6,6000 years ago, and at the same time carried out public archaeological practice education in the form of online live broadcasts, opening the "blind box" that had been sealed for more than 6000,<> years.
In the "blind box", archaeologists found two ancient skeletons. At that time, the Institute of Science and Technology Archaeology of Fudan University extracted two skeleton samples, and successfully extracted ancient DNA from one of the skeletons.
Du Panxin introduced that the sample was male, and its maternal genetic type belonged to haplogroup F1a1'4. The search compared published mitochondrial DNA data extracted from ancient regions and existed in ancient sites in northern Vietnam (4000-2000 years ago), northern Laos (3000 years ago), Indonesia (2000 years ago), the Philippines (1800 years ago), Guangxi (1500 years ago), and hanging coffins in northern Thailand (2500-800 years ago).
"By comparing this genetic type of the ancient people of the Majiabang culture at the Wuxi saddle site with the genetic lineage of modern language groups, we believe that the ancient people of the Wuxi saddle site may be related to the ancestors of the Dongtai-speaking population." Du Panxin said.
It is reported that after the establishment of the East China Workstation, the key scientific research base of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage for the protection of cultural relics at the archaeological excavation site, the main tasks include vigorously developing basic research on cultural relics protection and archaeological application, strengthening the construction of talent teams, strengthening the transformation and application of scientific research achievements, and deepening scientific and technological cooperation and academic exchanges at home and abroad. (End)