The opinions of the two guests of the program "Beyond the News" differed regarding the implications of the foreign tour of the President of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, which was its third stop in Doha, and his recent statements regarding the priorities of the next stage, and his decision that preceded it to dissolve the Rapid Support Forces.

While Dr. Osama Aidarous, a Sudanese academic specializing in political and military affairs, said that this is consistent with the Sudanese state's vision and perception of the crisis, Dr. Ibrahim Mukhair, a member of the advisory office of the commander of the Rapid Support Forces, considered Burhan's statements "hostile" and contrary to Qatar's position calling for peace through negotiations between all parties.

This came during the episode Beyond the News (2023/9/7), which dealt with Al-Burhan's statements in his third stop of his foreign tour, where he ended a visit to Doha, in which he stated that the priority at this stage is to end and defeat what he called the rebellion, and the keenness of the armed forces after that to complete the transitional phase and transition to civilian rule.

Al-Burhan's remarks came a day after he issued a decision to dissolve the Rapid Support Forces and cancel the law establishing them, while the Emir of the State of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, reiterated during his meeting with Al-Burhan in Doha his country's position calling for an end to the fighting in Sudan and the adoption of dialogue and peaceful ways to overcome differences.

The episode "Beyond the News" asked about the goals that Al-Burhan sought to achieve during his visit to Doha, the messages carried by his statements during it, how they will be received by the parties concerned with the Sudanese crisis, the significance of the timing of his cancellation of the Rapid Support Forces law after 140 days of fighting, the practical value of this decision, and the significance of its synchronization with US sanctions against RSF leaders.

Tour to collect support

According to Dr. Aidarous, Burhan's visit to Doha comes within a series of visits to gather sufficient support for efforts to stop the war, which began with neighboring countries and followed by Qatar "being the closest to the Sudanese people, and has well-known roles in supporting Sudan politically and humanitarianly at various stages."

He added that several parties sought to internationalize the war file in Sudan, just two weeks after the start of the confrontations, by trying to impose Article VII in the Security Council and presenting initiatives that would remove Sudanese sovereignty, which was unacceptable.

Aidarous stressed that the choice of Qatar does not mean targeting new initiatives in light of the continuation of the Jeddah process and what IGAD offers despite reservations, but he believes that the importance of the Qatari role stems from its specificity and uniqueness in specific files, such as the files of prisoners and abductees, whose number exceeded 5,<> people, as well as the file of relief support.

The Sudanese academic considered that Al-Burhan's tours confirm the return of the state and its states to work, denying the existence of a contradiction between supporting the path of stopping the war and Al-Burhan's emphasis on the need to end the rebellion, in light of the insistence of the Rapid Support leaders not to abide by the terms of the Jeddah Agreement.

Talk about the unconstitutionality of the RSF dissolution was considered "funny" because the constitutional decree on its subordination to the armed forces was issued by Burhan himself, and therefore issuing another decision on its dissolution cannot be considered unconstitutional.

Hostile statements

On the other hand, while considering Burhan's statements "hostile", Dr. Ibrahim Mukher believes that they are inconsistent with Qatar's call for the need to achieve peace through negotiations between all parties, wondering about the capacity in which Al-Burhan conducts his foreign visit.

Mukhir went on to assert that since his coup against democracy in Sudan, Burhan "does not have legal or constitutional legitimacy," as he put it, adding that he ended militarily, and he is "fleeing Khartoum" at a time when his forces have suffered one defeat after another.

He considered what he called "allegations" about the crimes of the Rapid Support Forces not true and not based on correct information, and that the organizations that talk about reports issued in this regard have left Sudan since the beginning of the war despite calls by the Rapid Support Forces for them and the press to be present in the areas under their control to find out the facts on the ground, he said.

He stressed that the Rapid Support Forces support all ceasefire initiatives, but he calls for their unification through one platform, as they continue their victories on the ground, and call on Burhan and those with him to surrender themselves to justice, and will force him to submit to the decisions of the Jeddah path that he is trying to evade.