Beijing, June 6 ( -- The 10 "Cultural and Natural Heritage Day" has arrived as scheduled. At this time, those precious world heritage sites will always attract people's attention with their outstanding appearance and successfully stand out of the circle.

World Heritage is divided into different types, such as natural heritage and cultural heritage. The Great Wall, the Terracotta Army, rock paintings, Wuyi Mountain... With the successful inscription of "Quanzhou: The World Ocean Trade Center of Song and Yuan China", the total number of World Heritage Sites in China has risen to 56.

On the occasion of Cultural and Natural Heritage Day 2023, join Xiaoxin in to admire China's amazing World Heritage Sites. These surviving treasures, unique in appearance and rich in culture, are also "mankind's gift to the future".

What is the beauty of the dual cultural and natural heritage of the world?

In many cases, "poetry and distance" can have both, those amazing world culture and natural dual heritage, with both natural heritage and cultural heritage conditions, often have both wonders and rich cultural connotations.

Data map: The smoke of the rainy season cannot hide the green of Wuyi Mountain. Photo by Li Man

Wuyi Mountain

"I have been full of good landscapes and rivers in my life, and I am the first to see in the southeast." In 1999, Wuyishan was inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Located in the north of Fujian, Wuyi Mountain has many beautiful scenery such as beautiful waters, qi peaks, valleys, and dangerous valleys, and enjoys a good reputation with its long history and culture, many cultural relics and monuments, and is the cradle of Zhu Zili.

Mount Emei - Leshan Buddha

Data map: The picture shows an aerial photograph of the misty corner of Mount Emei. Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Zhongjun

"There are many immortal mountains in the country of Shu, and Emei is difficult to match." In 1996, the "Emei Mountain-Leshan Buddha" was successfully applied for the World Heritage Site.

Emei Mountain, located in the southwest of Sichuan Province, is one of the "four famous Buddhist mountains" in China, and is famous for its natural landscapes of "majesty, show, god, wonder and spirit".

Data map: Looking at the Leshan Buddha in the distance, the Buddha Head viewing platform next to it is crowded with tourists. Photo by Liu Zhongjun

Sunrise, sea of clouds, Buddha light... Every view of Mount Emei is amazing. Excavated in the wild, the Leshan Buddha took 90 years to complete through the efforts of three generations of craftsmen in the Sheng and Tang dynasties, and is the largest cliff stone carving statue in China.


"Four thousand Huangshan Qi, thirty-two lotus peaks." In 1990, Huangshan was inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Data map: The sea of clouds in the Yellow Mountain is majestic and galloping. Photo by U Thant

Located in the south of Anhui Province, Huangshan is famous for its "five unique pines", strange rocks, sea of clouds, hot springs and winter snow. The mountains and mountains are magnificent, and the natural landscape is amazing. The Welcome Pine, located at the Yuping scenic spot in Huangshan, is even more widely known.

As a traditional famous mountain in China, Huangshan has ancient buildings, cliff carvings, etc., and is rich in historical and cultural connotations.


"How is Daizongfu? Qi Luqing is not finished. "Mount Tai was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1987.

Data map: The picture shows tourists greeting the sunrise on Mount Tai. Photo by Jiang Dongtao.

Located in Tai'an City, Shandong Province, Taishan was also known as "Daishan" and "Daizong" in ancient times, with majestic scenery, harmonious integration of cultural masterpieces and natural landscapes, and attracted countless literati throughout the ages.

What is fascinating about these World Natural Heritage Sites?

Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, Sichuan Giant Panda Habitat... For a long time, many world natural heritage sites have attracted people's attention with their unique features.

Yellow (Bohai) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase I)

In 2019, the Yellow (Bohai) Sea Migratory Bird Habitat (Phase I) project in China was approved for inscription on the World Heritage List.

Data map: Yancheng beach wetland scenery is beautiful. Photo by Sun Huajin

It is home to the world's largest intertidal tidal tidal flats and is the central node of the East Asian-Australasian migratory bird migration route with the most endangered species.

The Yellow Sea Wetland in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, where the first phase of the project is located, has more than 680 species of vertebrates and more than 500 species of invertebrates, including 415 species of birds, and is a resting, moulting and wintering ground for millions of migratory birds around the world.

Fanjing Mountain, Guizhou

In 2018, Fanjing Mountain successfully "applied for heritage". The erosion of wind and rain and the magic of nature have shaped the unique scenery of Fanjing Mountain, and the "Red Cloud Golden Dome" is famous all over the world.

Data map: The picture shows the World Natural Heritage Site Fanjing Mountain. Photo by Li He

In addition, the Fanjing Mountain ecosystem retains a large number of ancient relict, rare and endangered and endemic species, and is one of the most species-rich hotspots in the eastern deciduous forest bioregion.

It is also the only habitat and distribution of the golden snub-nosed monkey and the Fanjing Mountain fir, and is the most important protected area in Asia, the richest area of gymnosperms in the world, and the richest bryophyte in the Oriental deciduous forest bioregion.

Qinghai Cocoxili

In 2017, Cocoxili successfully "applied for the World Heritage Site".

Data map: The picture shows herds of Tibetan antelopes foraging in Cocoxili. Photo by Ma Mingyan

Located in the northwest of Qinghai Province, Kekexili National Nature Reserve is home to rare wild species such as Tibetan antelope, wild yak and Tibetan wild ass. It's a wildlife paradise.

Kekexili has accumulated rich and special geological, ecological, biological and property resources, preserved the most complete plateau plane on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and is a nature reserve with better preservation of the original geological landform and ecological environment in the world.


Data map: Shennongjia autumn colors are beautiful, clouds are steaming. Photo by Wan Zhongyi

In 2016, Shennongjia successfully applied for the World Heritage Site. It is located in the northwest of Hubei Province, with unique geographical location and climatic characteristics, giving birth to rich animal and plant resources, and is known as the "green miracle" at the same latitude in the northern hemisphere.

Even more precious is the integrity, authenticity, non-reproducibility and non-reproducibility of natural resources and their ecosystems that are rare in the world. In Shennongjia, there are many rare wild animals such as golden monkeys and leopards.

Why is the World Heritage Site amazing?

Pingyao Ancient City, Dazu Stone Carvings, Suzhou Classical Gardens, Yin Market... One of the charms of these World Heritage Sites is that even with the passage of time, their cultural connotations remain fresh and shining.

Quanzhou: The world maritime trade center of Song and Yuan China

In 2021, at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee, "Quanzhou: Song and Yuan China's World Ocean Trade Center" was inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Data map: The picture shows Kaiyuan Temple, which is the largest and most prominent Buddhist temple in Quanzhou during the Song and Yuan Dynasties, reflecting the local diverse culture. Photo by Wang Dongming

"Quanzhou: The World Marine Trade Center of Song and Yuan China" is a series of cultural heritage that was born from the 10th to the 14th century and has survived to this day, distributed in the Quanzhou Bay area with today's Quanzhou urban area as the core, including 22 heritage sites such as the Jiuzhishan Prayer Wind Stone Carvings and the Shibusi Ruins.

The successful application of the project once again proves the glorious history and traditional belief of exchanges and mutual learning between ancient China and other civilizations in the world, and shows the international community the broad vision, broad mind, outstanding wisdom and unremitting pursuit of self-improvement and pioneering spirit of the Chinese nation.

Ruins of Liangzhu Ancient City

In 2019, the ruins of the ancient city of Liangzhu, located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, were inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Data map: The picture simulates the original site to present the tomb No. 12 of the tomb of the anti-mountain king tomb at the site of Liangzhu ancient city. Photo by Zhang Bin

It is the center of power and belief of the Liangzhu culture, and the overall value of its heritage is carried by artificial relics such as the city site, the peripheral water conservancy system, the hierarchical cemetery (including the altar) and the excavated artifacts represented by Liangzhu jade.

It is worth noting that Liangzhu jade is rich in variety and well-made, and many are also carved with fine ornaments, reaching the peak of China's prehistoric jade level. The craftsmanship is breathtaking.

Gulangyu Island: International Historical Community

In 2017, "Gulangyu Island: Historical International Community" was successfully applied for the World Heritage Site.

Data map: A corner of Gulangyu Island from above. Photo by Zhang Bin

Gulangyu Island is located at the mouth of the Jiulong River in Fujian, because the southwest coastal reef is hit by the waves, the sound is like a drum, "Gulang" Island is named, known as the "sea garden", also known as "piano island", "music island".

The development of Gulangyu Island clearly records the convergence and spread of cultures of different countries on Gulangyu Island, and records the basic characteristics of early modern Chinese architecture absorbing Nanyang and Western styles.

Here, the cultural relics and monuments of Gulangyu Island are not only cultural heritage, but also constitute a living environment that can be felt and touched.

Guangxi Zuojiang Huashan rock paintings

In 2016, the rock art cultural landscape of Huashan in Zuojiang, Guangxi successfully passed the review and was successfully applied for the World Heritage Site.

The picture shows the cultural landscape of rock paintings in Huashan Mountain, Zuojiang, Guangxi (data map). Photo by Chongxuan

According to reports, most of the rock paintings in Zuojiang Huashan are located at the bend of the river, on the tall cliffs facing the incoming water, and most of the pictures are 15 to 100 meters from the water surface, and the highest is 130 meters. The petroglyphs are painted using bright and strong ochre red pigments, and the images can be roughly summarized into three categories: people, typical objects, and animals, mainly portraits.

These rock paintings have a wide range of locations, great difficulty in painting, and majestic pictures, which have important scientific research and artistic value.

Toast ruins

Data map: Aerial view overlooking the World Heritage Site - Zunyi Hailongtun. Photo by China News Agency reporter Hou Yu

In 2015, China's "Tusi Sites" were successfully inscribed on the World Heritage List, including the Laosi City Site in Yongshun in Hunan Province, the Tusi City Site in Enshi Tangya in Hubei Province, and the Hailongtun in Zunyi, Guizhou. All three sites are relics from the heyday of the Chinese tusi system. (End)