A new era of cultural heritage blooming (Special Report on Cultural and Natural Heritage Day).
On June 6, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed at the symposium on cultural inheritance and development: "It is our new cultural mission to continue to promote cultural prosperity, build a cultural power, and build a modern civilization of the Chinese nation at a new starting point." ”
General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the protection of cultural heritage and has issued important instructions and instructions on many occasions. On 6 June, my country will celebrate its eighteenth Cultural and Natural Heritage Day. In recent years, the level of protection and utilization of cultural heritage in China has been continuously improved, and creative transformation and innovative development have presented a new atmosphere. The ancient cultural heritage is full of vitality in the land of China and blooms with a new charm of the times.
A few days ago, the "Bamboo Township Lights Illuminate the Great Wall -- Special Exhibition of China's Excellent Folk Crafts Works" was launched. Bamboo lanterns from Anji County, Zhejiang Province lit up the Great Wall of Juyongguan, and with the help of multimedia video exhibitions and physical displays, more than 200 exquisite artworks such as Wufu paper cutting, panda embroidery, and leather carved armor attracted tourists who visited the Great Wall at night to stop and watch.
On 6 June, my country will celebrate its eighteenth Cultural and Natural Heritage Day. Around the Cultural and Natural Heritage Day, a variety of activities are arranged in various places.
The theme of this year's Cultural and Natural Heritage Day is "Cultural Relics Protection and Utilization and Cultural Self-Confidence", and under the initiative of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, local cultural relics departments and cultural and museum units will organize more than 7200,20 online and offline activities. This year marks the 9800th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, with the theme of "Strengthening the Systematic Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage and Promoting Sustainable Development", more than 6300,<> intangible cultural heritage publicity and exhibition activities will be held in various provinces, including more than <>,<> offline activities.
Protecting cultural heritage and telling Chinese stories well, China's cultural heritage is rejuvenating.
The protection of cultural heritage has continued to increase
In recent years, a series of policy plans have been intensively promulgated, such as the "Opinions on Making Cultural Relics Alive and Expanding the International Influence of Chinese Culture", "Notice on Promoting the In-depth Integration and Development of Intangible Cultural Heritage and Tourism", etc., the "National Urban and Rural History and Culture Protection and Inheritance System Planning Outline", the "Long March Cultural and Cultural Relics Resources Protection and Inheritance Special Plan" and "Yangtze River Cultural Relics Protection and Utilization Special Planning Outline" issued and implemented, the rescue of old houses, the civilized watch project, etc. The protection and supervision mechanism of historical and cultural districts and traditional villages has become increasingly sound, and the linkage and cooperation of various regions and departments have become increasingly frequent.
The system of laws and regulations for the protection of cultural heritage has been continuously improved. The 2023 legislative work plan announced by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress amends the Cultural Relics Protection Law. Ten provinces, including Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shanghai, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, Chongqing and Shaanxi, have issued local regulations on revolutionary cultural relics, underground cultural relics, social cultural relics and cultural heritage.
"The protection of cultural heritage continues to increase, all sectors of society fulfill their responsibilities to protect cultural relics resources in accordance with the law, and a strong joint force for the whole society to protect cultural relics and cultural heritage has gradually formed." Jin Ruiguo, director of the Department of Policies and Regulations of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, said that strengthening the protection of cultural relics and cultural heritage is a strong support for building a strong socialist cultural country and creating a new glory of socialist culture.
Excavate the treasure of cultural heritage value
In recent years, the level of protection and utilization of cultural heritage has been continuously improved. Major projects of "Archaeological China" such as the Chinese civilization source exploration project, the Xia culture, and the civilization process in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River have been coordinated and promoted, and deep-sea archaeology has written a new chapter... The study of Chinese civilization continues to deepen, fully excavating the multiple values of cultural relics and cultural heritage, and enriching people's historical and cultural nourishment.
In 2022, China will add 382 new museums on record, bringing the total number of museums in the country to 6565,3, ranking among the top in the world. In the whole year, 4,23 offline exhibitions and nearly 5,78 educational activities were held, 4 million visitors were received, nearly 10,<> online exhibitions and more than <>,<> educational activities were launched, nearly <> billion Internet views were received, and more than <> billion new media views were viewed, further demonstrating the effectiveness of the museum's public cultural services.
Under the premise of effective protection, China has used intangible cultural heritage resources to develop rural tourism and other business formats, launched a number of themed tourism routes with distinctive intangible cultural heritage characteristics, promoted the integrated development of intangible cultural heritage and tourism, fully connected with modern life, and displayed a bright style and vitality.
Protection is the prerequisite for utilization, and utilization is the transformation of conservation achievements. Relevant experts said, "We must adhere to the use of protection and protection in use, and through effective use, let the protection results better serve economic and social development and serve people's high-quality life, and at the same time arouse people's awareness of cultural heritage protection and let cultural heritage play a greater role." ”
Enhance the influence of the dissemination of Chinese civilization
The rich and colorful cultural heritage carries the value symbols of Chinese culture and Chinese spirit, and shows the world a credible, lovely and respectable image of China.
As an important carrier for promoting exchanges and mutual learning among different civilizations, the creative transformation and innovative development of cultural heritage have continuously promoted Chinese culture to better reach the world. He Yunao, director of the Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage of Nanjing University, said that in the dissemination of Chinese civilization to the outside world, the advantages of cultural relics, intangible cultural heritage and other cultural heritage resources should be more deeply explored.
On April 4, the first General Assembly of the Asian Cultural Heritage Protection Alliance was held in Xi'an, officially establishing the Asian Cultural Heritage Protection Alliance. The parties will promote the protection of urban and rural cultural heritage; Focusing on the themes of "Exploring the Origin of Mankind", "Origin of Civilization" and "Silk Road", we will implement cooperative archaeology, explore the cultural connotation of Asia, and support the joint application of World Heritage Sites; Jointly promote inter-museum cooperation and cultural relics exhibition exchanges; Carry out academic exchanges on the practice of cultural heritage protection.
In recent years, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage has continued to promote the protection of cultural heritage in Asia, and China has been elected as the vice-president of the Conference of the States Parties to the 1970 UNESCO Convention and a member of the subsidiary committee, established a regular long-term mechanism for the recovery and return of lost cultural relics, achieved new results in cultural heritage exchanges and cooperation with the five Central Asian countries, and signed cooperation agreements in the field of cultural heritage with France, Cambodia and Pakistan.
Li Qun, vice minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, said that it is necessary to conscientiously implement the policy of cultural relics in the new era of protection first, strengthen management, excavate value, effectively use and make cultural relics come alive, increase the protection of cultural relics and cultural heritage, do a good job in the research and interpretation of the origin of Chinese civilization, deepen international exchanges and cooperation on cultural relics, shoulder the new cultural mission in the new era, and provide strong support for the construction of modern civilization of the Chinese nation.
(Written by Zeng Yixuan)
Wang Jue, reporter of this newspaper