Urumqi, March 3 (Zhongxin Net) -- In the traditional music of the Uyghur people, there are a wide variety of musical instruments, such as the aichu, the bul, the rewav, the tambourine, etc., which can be said to be blowing, pulling, playing, and playing. Musical instruments are indispensable both in everyday life, when people hold "Meshrep", and even during wonderful acrobatic performances. These musical instruments accompanied the spiritual life of the Uyghur people and have experienced a long road of development. Today, it is not only a musical instrument, but also a beautiful craftsmanship.
Maimeti Tulson Aba Burker Day is making an instrument Photo by Li Mingfei
Adhere to the tradition of hand-crafting national musical instruments
In the ancient city of Kashgar, the fifth-generation musical instrument producer Maimeti Tulson Ababok Rizheng and two close friends play Uyghur folk music in a national musical instrument shop that has been operated for generations. Maimeti Toulson told reporters that his grandfather was the producer of the soundtrack playing instrument in the movie "Guest on the Iceberg". Since the age of 12, he began to learn musical instrument making from his father, and now Mai Mati Toulson has learned more than 40 kinds of national musical instrument making.
"At that time, my grandfather liked to play the dutar, my father beat the tambourine, we danced together, and relatives and friends would like to come to our house, and everyone would share food, listen to songs and dances, and it was very lively," said Maimeti Toulson. ”
In the national musical instrument shop in Maimeti Turson, you are overwhelmed with a variety of musical instruments, and most of them are handmade by Mai Mai Ti Tulson. A piece of wood, through the unremitting efforts of Maimeti Toulson, through drawing, carving, polishing, painting, winding and other processes, one by one works gradually appeared in front of the world.
Maimeti Turson said: "Revaf has 7 strings, and the musical instruments made of different materials will have different sound quality, and the sound of the piano made of apricot wood will be better. It usually takes about 15 days to make a hot tile, but it takes at least about 1 month to make the best one. ”
Ainiwal Assimu is learning instrument making from his master Photo by Li Mingfei
National musical instruments "across the sea" to the world
In the folk musical instrument shop in Maimeti Turson, in addition to various musical instruments, the wall of the entrance is covered with photos of him with tourists from all over the world, as well as photos of his family making musical instruments. He told reporters as he walked: "This is a Japanese tourist in 1999, this is an American tourist in the store in 2000, this is an Israeli tourist in 2001, these tourists like the handmade instruments we make." This is my father, my uncle, and several of my relatives' uncles. ”
Nowadays, through the skillful hands of Maimeti Toulson, one by one, huge and bulky musical instruments are made into small but fine crafts according to proportions, a key ring, a knick-knack, or a pendant, which are both flattering and endearing, and naturally more people buy them. Ms. Wang, from Shanghai, who is picking up her favorite souvenirs, said: "The instruments are very beautiful, I love these pieces very much, I want to take each one back, I plan to give it to my family, or put it at home." ”
As the fifth generation inheritor of the family's musical instruments, he is full of expectations for the future of musical instrument inheritance, saying: "Now that countries along the 'Belt and Road' like our music, we will also strengthen exchanges on musical instruments and music, and in the future, we want to expand the scale of the store, not only processing Uyghur musical instruments, but also processing musical instruments of other ethnic groups." ”
Traditional culture has been inherited and carried forward
Just 15 kilometers from Kashgar, Shufu County is the birthplace of the Tang Dynasty's "Shule Music", and there is a musical instrument museum displaying all modern Uyghur traditional musical instruments, as well as a famous musical instrument village. Here, making national instruments has become a proud technique, and many young people learn not only to play but also to make them, and Ainiwal Assimu is one of them. He told reporters: "At first, I watched the master make musical instruments, thinking that making musical instruments was relatively simple, but after trying to make them myself, I suffered a lot of hardships, it was difficult to make musical instruments, and there were several musical instruments broken in the middle, and the master patiently taught me, corrected the wrong things for me, and taught me repeatedly." ”
The master taught patiently, and Ainiwal studied hard. Today, he has learned to make more than a dozen musical instruments such as the Dutar, the Rewap, the Playing Bor, the tambourine, and the Aijiao, of which the Dotal is his most proficient.
In June 2008, Shufu County's "National Musical Instrument Making Skills" was listed as a national intangible cultural heritage item, in order to revitalize the musical instrument making skills, the local area established a creative platform for the National Musical Instrument City, cultivated professional talents, and made the musical instrument making skills "live" on the industrialized platform and more effectively protected and inherited. (End)