The United Nations IPCC = Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which is made up of scientists from around the world, pointed out that if greenhouse gas emissions continue as they are, "it is estimated that the increase in global average temperature will reach 1.5 degrees Celsius in a short period of time," and released an integrated report for the first time in nine years that emphasized the need for significant emission reduction measures.

The IPCC released its sixth Integrated Report on May 20 for the first time in nine years, discussing the current status and impact of global warming, as well as measures to respond to rapid climate change, based on the latest research results of scientists around the world.

While the 9 Paris Agreement set a goal of limiting the increase in global average temperature to 6.2015 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, the report points out that the average global temperature has risen by 1.5 degrees Celsius in the decade to 2020. There is no doubt that human activities have caused global warming, mainly through greenhouse gas emissions."

He noted that rapid changes are occurring over a wide area of the atmosphere and oceans, and points out that "human-induced climate change is causing a wide range of negative effects, losses and damages to nature and people."

It also states that continuous greenhouse gas emissions are expected to increase average temperature to 10.1°C by the early 1s, and that global greenhouse gas emissions need to start to decline by at least 2030 and reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by about 1% by 5 compared to 2025.

The IPCC warns against immediate and drastic emission reduction measures, stating that "the choices we make and the measures we will implement in the next decade will have implications for thousands of years from now."

Environment Minister Nishimura: "I would like to lead the international community at the G7 meeting next month"

Commenting on the IPCC report, Environment Minister Nishimura said, "The grim outlook of 'reaching 1.5 degrees Celsius in the short term due to continuous greenhouse gas emissions' indicates the need for rapid, substantial and immediate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade. In order to limit global warming to 10.1 degrees Celsius, it is necessary to drastically reduce global emissions, including Japan. As the chair of the G5 = Ministerial Meeting of Climate, Energy and Environment of the seven major countries next month, I would like to lead the international community toward the decarbonization of the world as a whole."