China News Agency, Xining, February 6th (Li Jun) On February 5th, the fifteenth day of the first month of the lunar calendar, the Kumbum Butter Flower, which is regarded as the highest level of craftsmanship in Chinese butter flower production, bloomed on the cloud after three years. The "blooming" and "flowers blooming in front of the Buddha" reappeared in the sacred place of Tibetan Buddhism in Kumbum Monastery, attracting nearly 100,000 people to watch, the number of people hitting the record high.
"Previously, due to the need for epidemic prevention and control, there were no public exhibitions of ghee flowers in 2020 and 2021. Last year, 23,000 people came to watch the temporary opening. Today, in 2019, there are more than 70,000 people." Jiancan Gongbao, deputy director of Kumbum Monastery Management Committee He said that according to the estimated passenger flow in recent days, the number of people visiting Kumbum Monastery on the 5th will reach 100,000 people, which is also the peak in the past five years.
Butter flowers have evolved from the dream of Tsongkhapa, the founder of the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism and the "Second Buddha" - "supplying flower ornaments in front of the Buddha and recreating sacred and solemn scenes". .
Kumbum Butter Flower is known as the "Crown of the Three Wonders of Tibetan Art" and is the first batch of national "intangible cultural heritage" items in China.
The theme of butter flower is taken from Buddhist scriptures and folk stories. When art monks make it, the theme is different every year. The upper garden and the lower garden in the temple compete with each other, so it is not easy to show it to others before exhibition.
At 17:00 on the 5th, in the "arena" of the upper and lower gardens of Kumbum Monastery, the monks "put together" the whole picture of the butter flowers they made on the two flower stands of three or four stories high. A square ceiling is built with Chinese "intangible cultural heritage" pile embroidery.
There are pavilions and pavilions made of ghee flowers in the upper and lower gardens of Kumbum Monastery, and birds and beasts jump out of the flower stands. Two main Buddhas, as tall as a person, have white faces and serene expressions.
"The treasure of butter flower art is that it must be carved with edible oil in winter. It is not easy to depict colorful and rich butter flowers in severe cold." The introduction, because the butter flower art has been passed down for more than 400 years, it is hand-in-hand passed down by masters and apprentices. The production process is all kneaded by art monks with both hands.
"It can be seen that the artist monk has a strong belief and a hard-working attitude."
At about 18 o'clock, the monks lit butter lamps, offered tribute and recited scriptures in front of the butter flowers.
On the back of the flower stand, art monks played the flower stand music of China's national "intangible cultural heritage" project.
When the exhibition opened, the believers quickly approached and bowed down, chanting the "six-character mantra" and watching the butter flowers in an orderly manner, and the solemn and solemn atmosphere reappeared in front of the flowers.
Among the believers, Namura, a Mongolian man dressed up to watch, has a huge "team": "More than a dozen family members and friends drove from Inner Mongolia for two days to see butter flowers. Watching them on the spot is very different from watching videos and pictures on the Internet. The delicate and delicate butter flowers It is worth watching, and the solemn and solemn atmosphere of the scene cannot be felt online."
This year, the Lord of Butter Flowers in Xiahuayuan is Vajrapani Bodhisattva, and on the left and right sides are the incarnation of Manjusri Bodhisattva, the founder of Tibetan language, the first wise man in the snow region, the ancestor of the translator in the snow region, and the minister of the Tibetan King Songtsan Gampo "Thonmi Sambuza". s story".
The main statue of Butter Flower in Shanghuayuan is Manjusri Bodhisattva, and on the left and right sides are the incarnation of Guanyin Bodhisattva, Prince Zhimei Gengden's "Story of Prince Zhimei Gengden" who sympathizes with the people's generosity.
"This year we also resumed the traditional part that has not been done in recent years. We set up multiple locations around the Dajinwa Temple for offering lanterns and praying for blessings, so that the monks in the whole temple can move and perform all the ceremonies for the exhibition. " Jianshen Gongbao said that these ceremonies are to pray for pain-free and disaster-free, smooth government and harmonious people, and abundant crops.