Perhaps, in everyone's heart, there is a misty and rainy Jiangnan dream, looking forward to the unique atmosphere of the mountains and rivers.

It's just that sometimes when we walk in the steel forest of the city, we will be dazzled by the prosperity in front of us, and our hearts will gradually be occupied by the bustle.

At this time, why not stop your running and travel together with Song Ci to visit the picturesque Hangzhou of the Song Dynasty thousands of years ago, watch the misty West Lake, watch the clear and open tide, and explore the streets and alleys where merchants gather...

  Dr. Yan Zhaoyu's new book "Song Ci Takes You to Hangzhou" takes Song Ci as the starting point, carefully designs sites such as "guide words", "explanation", "check-in" and "free travel", borrowing the personnel origin and cultural heritage behind the works, Linking the visible or hidden humanistic traces of Hangzhou, it meticulously depicts the prosperous social scene of the capital of Song Dynasty.

  Song Ci into the title

  Deepen the meaning of Song rhyme

  For Song people, "Ci" was the most fashionable style of writing at that time.

They use "words" to record the Hangzhou city in their eyes in a subtle and subtle way. The language is elegant yet popular and clear, and the content is closer to daily life. It has become the classic paradigm of Song Dynasty aesthetics that is now recognized.

It can be said that Hangzhou and Song Ci, scenery and charm, there is me in you, and you in me. They are integrated into one, which not only carries a strong atmosphere of fireworks, but also reflects the spirit and aesthetics of Song style, Song rhyme and Song people.

  In the book, Dr. Yan uses Song Ci poems as the title of each chapter to make them blend with regional customs and customs, mountains and rivers, and explore five aspects from natural scenery, historical relics, festivals, elegant life, and city customs. Let's start, and use five chapters to describe the classic architecture, natural scenery, and seasonal solar terms of Hangzhou in the Song Dynasty.

For example, the first chapter is titled "Three Autumn Osmanthus and Ten Miles of Lotus - Natural Scenery", which comes from Liu Yong's "Wanghai Tide", showing the beautiful and natural scenery of Hangzhou.

This chapter introduces scenic spots such as Qiantang River, West Lake, Fuchun Mountain, Tonglu, Xixi, Phoenix Mountain, Gushan, Wushan and Hupao Spring. Each section selects a famous Song poem as the "introduction", The introduction of this work around the keyword "Hangzhou" fully highlights the elegant and fresh Song rhyme.

Another example is the title of the third chapter, "Dongfeng Night Blooming Thousands of Trees-Festive Days", which comes from Xin Qiji's poem "Sapphire Case", which tells the etiquette and customs of the 10 festivals from New Year's Day, New Year's Day to Winter Solstice, fully showing the Song Dynasty. People's rich and varied life joys.

  In addition, the titles of the subsections, like the titles of the chapters, use famous words as golden sentences, which are elegant and clear, and quite recognizable.

For example, the title of the "Wushan" subsection is "The river in front of the temple is raging like a wave", which is selected from Pan Lang's "Recalling Yuhang", and the "West Lake" section is based on Yu Guobao's "Painting a boat to take the spring back" from "The Wind Into the Pine". As the title, all ironing posts are in place.

These famous lyric works naturally carry the spiritual charm of the lyricists, cleverly combing and processing the emotional expression and the spiritual space of the city, presenting the subtle emotional waves that resonate between the literati, the city, and the mountains and rivers at the same frequency.

  Song Attributes

  Explore lifestyle

  The Song people in the book are not simple group symbols, but lively and fragrant, laughing and cursing in the Song Dynasty world described in words, with a comfortable and confident mood.

  Song people can be described as both elegant and leisurely.

For example, the book uses the poet Hu Haoran's "Send to My Door · New Year's Eve" to introduce the New Year's scene, and then lists many customs of the Song people during the New Year in the form of "instructions", highlighting the richness of their lives and the fun of their souls.

On that day, ordinary people will celebrate the coming of the New Year by posting Shentu, Yulei Gate God and hanging statues of Zhongkui.

Skillful craftsmen make exquisite firecrackers, which attract the attention of everyone.

These firecrackers come in a variety of styles when lit, and can be transformed into patterns such as turtles, pear blossoms, peonies, and cranes, attracting people to stop and watch them intently.

At this time, Dr. Yan has not forgotten to add a note, telling readers that Lin'an City has complete fire-fighting facilities, and there are professional fire-fighting and rescue personnel standing by day and night, and there are plans for fire hazards caused by fireworks and firecrackers.

  Song people also prefer poetry and romance.

Looking at the Song Dynasty, people's love for flowers has reached a fanatical level.

In Lin'an City, if you see hairpin flowers for men, don't make a fuss, because hairpin flowers were a fashion at that time, and even rough men couldn't resist the temptation.

Even, when Song Xiaozong celebrated the birthday of the Supreme Emperor Song Gaozong, there was a strange scene of hairpin flowers on the heads of more than a thousand officials; Song people also liked to "make wine", and liked to persuade wine with singing or wine words, just like the lotus order. A lotus flower will be plucked, and everyone at the banquet will pluck off the petals one by one and sing lyrics. The person who gets the last petal must drink.

People in the Song Dynasty also creatively designed wine utensils into various styles. The most common one is that each cup is in the shape of a flower, which is called "Ten Flower Marigold".

  The strong practical ability of Song people in Dr. Yan's works is surprising and enviable.

In other words, the "Instruction Manual" of Song Ci incorporates the authenticity and casualness of human fireworks, and is full of the texture of life. The words and sentences are scattered with the state of mind, heart and experience of Song people. If you pick one or two at random, you can use their perspective to explore Song style and Song rhyme .

  identity experience

  A look at the anecdotes of humanities

  Interestingly, if you travel through the Song Dynasty alone, you may only experience a different kind of life.

But in "Song Ci Takes You to Hangzhou", readers can choose their identities arbitrarily at the "check-in" point, freely pretend to be "entertainers" who sing and sing in the market, "beauty bloggers" in Song Dynasty, etc., and design according to their own specific identities. On the tour route of the Song Dynasty, you can catch a glimpse of old anecdotes while enjoying the cultural landscape.

  If you are interested in the secrets of the court, then you should be the emperor who stands high above you, going to and from the palaces and pavilions, or burying your head in handling state affairs, or standing on the city wall to have fun with the people.

However, being the Ninth Five-Year Master is not easy. Song Xiaozong had to accompany the Supreme Emperor Zhao Gou to review the navy and watch the dragon boat race during the August 18th Tide Watching Festival.

During the "Meng Chun, Meng Xia, Meng Qiu, Meng Dong" four meng occasions, they must go to Jingling Palace to offer sacrifices and complete religious ceremonies.

  It is obviously a great thing to choose the "Literati" character card, go to the battlefield, taste poetry, drink tea, listen to their gossip and anecdotes, and even become their best friends with the idols you have known for a long time.

However, the professional experience of ordinary people is also very good - to be a luthier must have the character of not submitting to authority, to be a craftsman must be carefully crafted, and to understand the harmonious combination of weather, location, and harmony, and to be a monk must not be moved by foreign objects. Keep the original intention of practicing Zen with great concentration...

  What's interesting is that in the check-in session of the book, you can often find opportunities to explore the lingering romantic past.

For example, looking at Leifeng Pagoda in the distance can remind you of the story of "Old People's Ancestral Hall under the Moon", and during the Lantern Festival, you may be able to see a stunning glimpse of the ten thousand years in "The Legend of Zhang Sheng's Colorful Luan Lantern".


  Spy on the fireworks in the market

  Wu Zimu of the Southern Song Dynasty once said in "Mengliang Lu": "Burning incense and ordering tea, hanging paintings and arranging flowers, all kinds of idle things, should not tire the family." In the slow-paced city life, the people of Song Dynasty opened their minds and created many entertainments. The project embodies their pursuit and affection for the spiritual world.

Therefore, if the "free travel" tour is launched in the Song Dynasty, people can sometimes shuttle back and forth in the distant Song Dynasty, and sometimes return to modern times, and piece together a whole picture of Hangzhou's common customs in the narrative fragments intertwined with time and space.

  First of all, the catering conditions in Song Dynasty are good, and the service is also perfect.

For example, Qinghefang, an important commercial center in Lin’an City, is lined with shops, various restaurants have an elegant environment and good service attitude. In addition to providing all kinds of food, they also arrange performances by popular kabuki for guests and hosts to have a good time drinking.

If you don’t like to drink, it’s not bad to go to a tea house for consumption. The luxury there is no less than that of a restaurant. Customers can enjoy tea and snacks while boating and sightseeing. They can also choose tea houses with different characteristics according to their preferences, enjoy concerts, A sports show or a storytelling show.

Of course, there were dine-in and take-out restaurants in the Song Dynasty, such as cooked food such as crab, eel, and wild duck meat, and "cold water" such as perilla drink and plum wine.

If you just want to stay at home, you might as well ask the delivery guy to deliver the meal, and he will be there on call, which is as convenient as it is now.

  Secondly, there are also a variety of programs other than catering. People can go to the "Perfume Store" to take a bath and have a SPA, they can go to the color shed to buy clothes, hair masks, boots, etc., and they can also go to Washe to watch Cuju performances.

If you feel that you are not satisfied, you might as well go to the "Water Crossbow Club" and "Championship Club" to play with bows and crossbows, and go to "Yinglue Club" to learn boxing, foot and stick skills.

  More importantly, in order to prevent readers from getting lost during the "free travel", the book also provides a complete strategy - it uses clear and intuitive old sites and pictures of calligraphy and painting to guide the experiencer, and then uses a large number of legends and anecdotes to let the experiencer get lost. People stroll in the courtyard, and return home after being exhausted.

  In short, in the ancient and modern imaginings and elegant and vulgar eyes, in "Song Ci Takes You to Hangzhou", the mortal mist and rain in Song Ci have experienced the baptism of thousands of years, projecting a light of wisdom and elegance, and behind the lyrics are the calmness of Song people The elegant life records and the coquettish cultural roots of the Song Dynasty have contributed to the deeper and more profound cultural background of Hangzhou.

(Author: Guo Mei)

  (Source: Jiefang Daily, January 28, 2023, Edition 06)