Xinhua News Agency, Shijiazhuang, December 22 (Reporter Gong Zhihong) Recently, the third archaeological excavation of the Bairencheng site, which lasted for more than four months, came to an end.
Archaeologists found a total of six layers of accumulation, with a thickness of 2.7 meters to 3 meters.
The age of the remains in the excavation area is mainly in the Han Dynasty. More than 240 relics of various types such as rammed earth, ash pits, house sites, wells, and tombs have been discovered, and more than 30,000 pieces of various relics have been unearthed. The historical rise and fall of the site provides new clues.
The Bairencheng site is located in Longyao County, Xingtai City, Hebei Province. It is one of the best preserved ancient cities in my country.
During the Warring States Period, Bairencheng was the second largest city in Zhao State after Handan Zhaowangcheng.
In 2016 and 2018, the cultural relics department conducted two excavations on the Bairen City ruins.
Beginning in mid-August this year, an archaeological team composed of Renmin University of China, Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology, Xingtai City Cultural Relics Protection and Research Center, and Longyao County Cultural Relics Preservation Institute conducted the third archaeological excavation of the Bairencheng site.
The location of this excavation is in the southeast of Yicheng Village, Shuangbei Township, Longyao County, Xingtai City, Hebei Province, connecting with the 2018 excavation area.
Professor Lu Xueming, Secretary of the Party Committee of the School of History of Renmin University of China and the person in charge of the excavation project, said: "The age span of the cultural layers discovered this time is roughly from the Western Han Dynasty to the Eastern Han Dynasty, and a small number of relics from the Warring States and Tang Dynasties were also found. The development and evolution process of the Bairencheng site provides empirical evidence."
The most important achievement of this excavation is the discovery of a large-scale rammed earth. Its overall shape is in the shape of a "middle", the main part is a square of 12 x 12 meters, and the thickness of the rammed earth is 1.6 meters.
Lu Xueming said that this is the single building with the largest area and the highest grade in the excavation area, and it is the first time that such a large-scale rammed earth has been discovered at the Bairencheng site.
The archaeological excavation also found some relics with stamps and inscribed characters, such as pottery fragments with the words "Bairen" and "Bairencheng", and found "Five Baht", "Huoquan" and "Daquan Fifty" and other currencies.
The discovery of the above characters and coins provides rare and valuable information for carrying out chronological research and analyzing the historical status of the Bairencheng site.
"According to the archaeological materials currently available and combined with historical documents, it can be known that the Han Dynasty was the prosperous period of Bairen City." Lu Xueming said that this archaeological discovery allows people to observe the diachronic changes and synchronic life scenes in Bairen City, as well as The rich relics and relics reproduce the true appearance of the Bairencheng site, which is of great significance to the study of settlement changes, livelihood conditions, human activities and historical events in the southern part of the Hebei Plain from the pre-Qin period to the Han Dynasty.