Chinanews.com, Hangzhou, December 10th (Zhang Yuhuan) In Jingshan Town, Yuhang District, Hangzhou, an ancient "Oriental leaf" carries Zen and tea culture, and has become a unique carrier of cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.
For thousands of years, the Chinese tea culture represented by Jingshan Tea Banquet has been famous all over the world for its fragrance.
How will the Jingshan Tea Banquet, which is newly named "intangible cultural heritage", go out of "international expression"?
To celebrate the successful application of the project of "Traditional Chinese Tea-making Skills and Related Customs", a celebration themed Jingshan Tea Banquet was held in Jingshan Town, Yuhang District, Hangzhou City on the evening of the 9th.
A grand meeting with tea as a matchmaker and meeting friends through tea shows the living inheritance of intangible cultural heritage in Hangzhou and Yuhang in the new era.
On November 29, the "Traditional Chinese Tea-making Techniques and Related Customs" submitted by Zhejiang Province successfully passed the review and was included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
This application for World Heritage was successful, involving a total of 44 representative items of national intangible cultural heritage in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities).
Among them, Jingshan Tea Banquet is an important part.
Jingshan is located in the west of Yuhang, Hangzhou. It has beautiful scenery and is famous for its tea. Lu Yu, the "Tea Saint" of the Tang Dynasty, once traveled here and wrote "The Classic of Tea".
"The Classic of Tea" had an extremely profound influence on Chinese tea culture in later generations, and was regarded as a classic of tea science by tea lovers in China and Japan.
Jingshan Tea Banquet is a kind of lobby tea party when Jingshan Temple in Yuhang District receives distinguished guests, and it is also an outstanding representative of Chinese tea custom culture.
In the Song Dynasty, the way of drinking tea changed from boiling to frying, and "tea fighting" became popular, and tea feasts became popular.
According to reports, there are more than ten ceremonial procedures in the Jingshan Tea Banquet, from setting up the tea list, beating the tea drum, respectfully inviting into the hall, offering incense and worshiping the Buddha, decocting soup and ordering tea, sharing tea with cups, saying verses and eating tea, and thanking the tea for leaving the hall.
Meditation with tea is the essence and core of Jingshan Tea Banquet.
A performance with the theme of Jingshan Tea Banquet.
Photo courtesy of the Propaganda Department of the Yuhang District Committee
"Jingshan Tea Banquet is a traditional tea banquet etiquette and custom of respecting guests with tea. It is an important carrier for the spread and continuation of Chinese traditional culture." Guan Jianping, a professor at Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University who has studied in Japan for many years and is engaged in tea culture research, said that Jingshan Temple and Jingshan Tea Banquet It is well-known both at home and abroad, and has attracted many Japanese monks to seek the law and learn tea.
Some of them brought the tea tree seeds picked from Jingshan and the tea banquet culture of Jingshan back to Japan, and the Japanese tea ceremony culture evolved from this.
"After Jingshan Tea Banquet spread to Japan, Japanese Buddhist temples imitated the model of Jingshan Tea Banquet, and gradually developed into a world-famous Japanese tea ceremony, and gradually formed an oriental tea culture circle with China, Japan, and Korea as the main body." Guan Jianping said. .
In recent years, Jingshan Temple has gradually established the process and utensils of the Jingshan Tea Banquet by holding a Zen tea culture summit forum and inviting tea experts to repeatedly demonstrate.
In 2011, Jingshan Tea Banquet was included in the third batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
From the country's intangible cultural heritage to the world's intangible cultural heritage, Jingshan Tea Banquet has opened a new window for cultural exchanges while moving towards a larger stage.
On the evening of the 9th, accompanied by the melodious Shakuhachi song, a performance "A Thousand Years of Tea Asking" showing Jingshan Zen tea culture opened the prelude to the celebration.
With the theme of "Jingshan in the World · The Origin of Tea Ceremony", the event is divided into three chapters: "The Edge of Jingshan", "The Origin of Jingshan" and "The Circle of Jingshan", which tells the "tea people and tea affairs" of Jingshan for thousands of years.
In the whole event, in the background of Sanskrit, Shakuhachi, Guqin, and incense, the original Jingshan Tea Banquet was brought to the stage, immersively displayed and experienced more than ten ritual procedures of Jingshan Tea Banquet, through the national music "High Mountain and Flowing Water", A number of programs, such as "The Classic of Tea" with Tang Feng and Song Rhyme, and "The Edge of Jingshan Mountain" with audio poetry and painting, present the origin of Jingshan tea ceremony, Sino-Japanese tea cultural exchanges, and the creative transformation and innovative development of Jingshan tea culture from multiple perspectives.
In this event, "The International Expression of Jingshan Tea in the New Era" became a highlight.
At the scene, ten overseas Chinese were hired as Jingshan tea culture global ambassadors. In the future, they will actively participate in the promotion and dissemination of Jingshan tea culture, boost the value of Jingshan tea brand, and promote Chinese culture to the international stage.
"I will be a good disseminator of Jingshan tea culture. We advocate that overseas Chinese from Zhejiang around the world spread the good Jingshan tea culture in the country where they live, so that the Jingshan tea culture spirit of 'tolerance, gratitude, sharing, and relationship' can be better integrated into life, go to the world, Embrace the future.” Ji Zhihai, the part-time vice chairman of the Zhejiang Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese and the chairman of the Overseas Chinese Friendship Association in Italy, also suggested that the overseas Chinese should give full play to their advantages of broad vision, active thinking, and extensive resources to tell the story of Jingshan tea overseas, so that more international friends Get to know Jingshan tea, fall in love with Jingshan tea.
The event also held an award ceremony for the world's most beautiful tea poetry competition "Poetry comes from tea and non-heritage Hangzhou tea" and "My Happy Tea Life" global short video competition.
The two competitions attracted participants from more than ten countries and regions including China, Japan, Russia, and Australia. Through the perspective of new media and international language, Jingshan tea culture became "fans" all over the world.
Zhang Xiaomo from Hangzhou won the Golden Leaf Award in the above-mentioned Tea Poetry Contest with his poem "The Face of Hangzhou in a Leaf".
She said that poetry itself expounds the relationship between the individual and society, and the individual and the present. Tea is an element closely related to daily life and a representative cultural card of Hangzhou, which can be vividly integrated into the imagery of poetry.
His works range from the origin of Jingshan tea to its fame across the oceans, and further tell the story of Hangzhou's tea culture "going to sea".
"With the opportunity of the successful application for World Heritage, we will continue to increase the dissemination and popularization of Jingshan Tea Banquet, make full use of intangible cultural heritage resources, strengthen the international communication of intangible cultural heritage, tell the story of Jingshan Tea well, and show the world the thousand-year cultural charm of Yuhang." Hangzhou City The relevant person in charge of Yuhang District said.