China News Agency, Beijing, November 30th (Reporter Ying Ni) "This is a cup of tea that China salutes to the world," Bao Jing, curator of the China Tea Museum, told a reporter from China News Agency over the phone, with excitement in her voice.

  On the evening of the 29th Beijing time, "Traditional Chinese tea-making techniques and related customs" were included in the list of representative works of human intangible cultural heritage. China leads the world with 43 intangible cultural heritage items.

  Chinese tea culture has a long history and goes deep into life

  Thousands of years ago, the Chinese began picking, making and drinking tea.

In Jingmai Mountain, Yunnan, the local people have cultivated tea trees and managed tea gardens with a history of 1,800 years.

In the late 8th century AD, Lu Yu wrote "The Classic of Tea", which is the earliest monograph in China to systematically explain the knowledge and practice of tea.

West Lake Longjing, Huangshan Maofeng, Taiping Houkui, Lu'an Guapian, Biluochun, Zisun Tea, Enshi Yulu, Duyun Maojian, Zhangping Narcissus, Junshan Yinzhen... These nice words are all names of teas.

  The 44 representative projects of China's national intangible cultural heritage, China Tea Museum, China Tea Society, and Zhejiang University Tea Research Institute participated in the declaration, and the "Traditional Chinese Tea-making Techniques and Related Customs" protection working group jointly formed by the China Tea Museum Take the lead in taking joint conservation action.

According to the relevant declaration documents, traditional Chinese tea-making techniques and related customs refer to knowledge, skills and practices related to tea garden management, tea picking, tea hand-making, and tea drinking and sharing.

  Bao Jing said that in terms of techniques, tea makers from all over the world use tools such as frying pans, bamboo plaques, and baking cages according to the local conditions, and use the core methods of killing greens, dulling yellowing, heaping, withering, greening, fermenting, and scenting. Six major types of tea including green tea, yellow tea, black tea, white tea, oolong tea and black tea, as well as scented tea and other reprocessed teas have been developed. There are more than 2,000 kinds of tea products, which satisfy the various needs of the people with different colors, aromas, tastes and shapes. need.

  From the perspective of cultural customs, tea drinking and tea tasting run through the daily life of Chinese people. The cultural connotation behind tea is very rich. , fighting tea; tea farmers have to worship the god of tea and so on.

These rich customs enhance family harmony, interpersonal harmony, cultural identity and social cohesion.

  "People in different parts of China have different needs for tea products. Green tea is preferred in Jiangsu and Zhejiang areas, and oolong tea is preferred in Fujian and Taiwan. In Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and other places, people are used to making butter tea and milk tea with dark tea. Various tea-related These intangible cultural heritage items are widely distributed on the land of China." She said.

  Tea is not only a "golden leaf" with a unique aroma, but also carries rich cultural connotations.

In fact, Chinese tea culture is closely related to the spiritual life of literati, whether it is "Snow Foam Milk Flowers Floating in the afternoon cup", "Trying new tea with new fire" or "Han night guests come to tea as wine", "Chaimen is closed without vulgar guests, The gauze cap bridle is boiled and eaten by yourself.” Tea and the cultural character it presents are the reflection of the cultural character of the tea maker and the profile of Chinese cultural character.

  Chinese tea culture is the common wealth of human civilization

  According to reports, "Chinese traditional tea-making skills and related customs" are currently mainly inherited through traditional methods such as family inheritance, master-apprentice inheritance, and community inheritance, and are integrated with formal education.

For example, the Anxi Tieguanyin production technique has been passed down to the 13th generation in the Wang family in Anxi County, Fujian Province; Wang Chang, the representative inheritor of the Anhui Qimen black tea production technique, has taught 17 apprentices in the past five years.

  At present, more than 40 secondary vocational schools and more than 80 colleges and universities in China offer tea science and tea culture majors, and train more than 3,000 professionals in tea making and tea art every year; some representative inheritors enter the school to carry out inheritance teaching.

According to Wang Chenyang, Director of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Department of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of China, "Everyone of us can be an inheritor of tea culture."

  "Respecting customers with tea, keeping friends with tea, making neighbors with tea, and making friends with tea are multi-ethnic sharing, and provide relevant communities, groups and individuals with a sense of identity and continuity. At the same time, this heritage project promotes tea utensils, tea songs, etc. The development of cultural expressions such as , tea opera, etc. has witnessed cultural diversity and human creativity." Bao Jing said.

  She pointed out that as the founding country of tea culture, the history of tea in China for thousands of years is a history of technological improvement and variety improvement, which ensures the inheritance of skills and the continuation and development of tea drinking customs.

Today, China is still a country with unique technical resources in the world, the source of tea-making skills in other countries and regions in the world, and a contribution to and sharing of tea civilization in the world.

China has created a tea civilization with a complete system, a wide variety and unique styles, and it is deeply rooted in the production and life of the Chinese people.

  The China Tea Museum is the only first-class museum in China with the theme of tea and tea culture.

Bao Jing said, "Our museum has always been an important window for foreign exchanges and display of Chinese tea culture. At present, we are further enriching the exhibition content and improving the display methods. In particular, we have added special exhibitions related to this world heritage application. The Tea Museum' brand works are well developed, promote the digital protection of the project, strengthen academic research, and try to tell the story of Chinese tea on a wider world stage if conditions permit." (End)