Announcement of "Beijing Central Axis Protection Management Plan (2022-2035)"

  Delineation of the Buffer Area of ​​Beijing Central Axis Heritage Area

  In order to strengthen the protection and management of Beijing's central axis cultural heritage, according to the relevant provisions of the "Beijing Central Axis Cultural Heritage Protection Regulations", the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Heritage organized the compilation of the "Beijing Central Axis Protection and Management Plan (2022-2035)" (referred to as " Planning"), and publicize to listen to public opinions, and the publicity period will end on December 24, 2022.

A reporter from Beijing Youth Daily noticed that the plan clarified the scope of the heritage area and buffer zone of the central axis of Beijing, and proposed that protection and management measures be formulated according to different heritage characteristics.

  5.9 square kilometers heritage area

  Distribution of 15 elements of heritage

  The 7.8-kilometer central axis of Beijing runs through the old city of Beijing. The northern end is the Bell and Drum Tower, and the south passes Wanning Bridge, Jingshan, the Forbidden City, Duanmen, Tiananmen, Waijinshui Bridge, Tiananmen Square and buildings, Zhengyangmen, The remains of the road in the southern section of the central axis, to Yongdingmen at the southern end, the Taimiao and Sheji Altar, the Temple of Heaven and the Xiannong Altar are symmetrically arranged on both sides.

The "Beijing Central Axis Protection and Management Plan" is the necessary material for the Beijing Central Axis to apply for World Heritage, the basic requirement of the "Beijing Central Axis Cultural Heritage Protection Regulations", and an important starting point for implementing the regulatory detailed planning of the capital's functional core area.

After approval, it will become the basic basis for guiding the protection, display, utilization, monitoring and research of Beijing's central axis.

  The planning clarifies the concept of the heritage area, which includes all the elements that carry the value of the heritage, as well as the necessary connection areas between the elements.

It is mainly based on the boundary of the historical city wall or wall, the centerline of the road, and the embankment line outside the river, with a total area of ​​about 5.9 square kilometers.

  The plan defines the boundaries of the heritage area.

The heritage area extends north to the north wall of the Bell and Drum Tower; to the south extends 2 meters south to the outer altar wall on the south side of Xiannongtan - Yongdingmen Wengcheng, and the south boundary of the arrow tower ground marking - Yongdingmen East Street.

The east-west boundary of the heritage area is long and narrow, reaching the east boundary of the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower and the east boundary of the square - the east outline of the traditional buildings on the east side of Di'anmenwai Avenue - the remains of Beijing's Ming and Qing imperial city walls on Di'anmen Inner Street - Jingshan Wall - the wall outside Tongzi River - Wall of the Working People's Cultural Palace - Wall of the National Museum of China - East Square Road (southern section) - 10 meters eastward expansion of the central line of Qianmen Street - 15 meters eastward expansion of the central line of Tianqiao South Street - Yongdingmen Inner Street - Temple of Heaven Wall Line 1; west to the wall of the Bell and Drum Tower and the west border of the square - west outline of traditional buildings on the west side of Di'anmen Wai Dajie Road - Di'anmen Inner Street Beijing Ming and Qing Imperial City Wall Remains - Jingshan Wall - Tongzi River Outer Wall - Zhongshan Park Wall -West Road of the Great Hall of the People-Square West Road (southern section)-10 meters west of the center line of Qianmen Street-15 meters west of the center line of Tianqiao South Street-Yongdingmennei Street-South Lane of Nanwei Road-Yanjing North Street - Wall of Beijing Ancient Architecture Museum.

  Specify the buffer range

  Key protected landscape gallery

  In addition to the delineation of the heritage area, the planning also delineates the buffer zone of the central axis, with a total area of ​​about 45.4 square kilometers, including areas located around the heritage area and closely related to the formation and development of Beijing’s central axis, which can effectively protect the integrity of the heritage .

Mainly based on the center line of the road and the embankment line outside the river.

  The buffer zone is north to the North Moat; south to the South Third Ring Road; east to Lama Temple Street-Dongsi North Street-Dongsi South Street-Dongdan North Street-Jianguomen Inner Street-East Second Ring Road and South Moat (East Section), Beijing Shanghai Expressway Planning Road; west to Xinjiekou North Street-Xinjiekou South Street-Xisi North Street-Xisi South Street-Xidan North Street-Xuanwumen Inner Street-Xuanwumenwai Street-Caishikou Street-Kaiyang Road .

  It is worth mentioning that the planning focuses on formulating protection and management measures for the landscape corridors, city skylines, historical city outlines, historical streets, and urban landmarks related to the central axis of Beijing, and released the "Beijing Central Axis Landscape Corridor and Schematic diagram of the city skyline management and control area", which clearly defines the control boundary of the landscape viewing corridor and the direction of sight of the landscape viewing corridor, defines the control boundary of the city skyline and the direction of sight of the city skyline, and also marks strategic landscape landmarks, including Bell and Drum Tower, Wanchun Pavilion, Hall of Supreme Harmony, Donghuamen, Tiananmen, Zhengyangmen, Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests, Yongdingmen, etc.

  For different heritage characteristics

  Classify and formulate protective measures

  The Central Axis of Beijing is a well-ordered and magnificent urban building complex composed of ancient royal palace buildings, ancient ceremonial and sacrificial buildings, ancient urban management facilities, the remains of central roads, modern public buildings and public spaces.

It is clear in the plan that according to different heritage characteristics, protection and management measures will be formulated according to classification.

For example, the Forbidden City will carry out cultural relic building repairs, city walls and courtyard walls, and Tongzi River waterfront environment improvement, etc.; Zhengyangmen Archery Tower will carry out cultural relic building repairs, tree landscape optimization, and Beijing Swift protection.

  Regarding the heritage itself, the planning also proposes to protect the authenticity of the heritage and maintain the richness of the heritage features.

It is necessary to understand the heritage from the perspective of a big historical perspective, respect the whole process of historical development, protect and display the historical relics and urban development imprints formed by the central axis of Beijing and its environment in different eras, maintain the typical characteristics of the differences in each section, and fully demonstrate the characteristics of the central axis of Beijing. Multicultural charm.

Respect and protect the historical and cultural imprints of different eras and styles, carefully evaluate the state of heritage preservation, insist on minimal intervention in protection and repair, and systematically display and interpret the long history and multicultural charm of Beijing's central axis.

  In addition, the planning fully considers the close interdependence between Beijing's central axis and the old city, and promotes the realization of multiple goals such as regional function optimization, improvement of people's livelihood, and environmental improvement through heritage protection, and promotes positive interactions inside and outside the heritage protection area, thereby driving the overall development of the old city. Protect.

Text/Reporter Cui Yifei