China News Service, Beijing, November 22 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) Cold comes and summer goes, and the seasons change.

With the arrival of the light snow solar term, the weather is getting colder and people put on thick winter clothes one after another.

  During the light snow season, there are many folk customs.

Ding Xia, a professor at Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and one of the editors-in-chief of "24 Solar Terms Diet and Health Diary", introduced, for example, pay attention to "winter cured and preserved in winter".

The diet at this time should be warm and tonic, which can nourish the spleen and stomach.

  Winter is a more suitable season for tonic.

Ding Xia mentioned that winter health maintenance can refer to the five principles of daily life protection, spiritual protection, etc. For example, in terms of work and rest, go to bed early and wake up late;

Data map: The snow-covered forest becomes a beautiful scenery.

Photo by Wang Junjie

The second solar term of winter

  There is always something in the sky, and the four seasons are good.

For the Chinese, the influence of the "Twenty-Four Solar Terms" is reflected in all aspects of life.

  "Our twenty-four solar terms are related to the ancient Chinese traditional calendar system and are the product of ancient farming civilization." Ding Xia explained that the ancients learned about the changing laws of climate and phenology in a year by observing the movement of celestial bodies.

  Each solar term has a different meaning.

For example, the beginning of spring, the beginning of summer, the beginning of autumn, and the beginning of winter are the so-called "four establishments", which mainly represent the beginning of the four seasons.

The twenty-four solar terms have played a very good guiding role in agricultural production.

  Light snow is the second solar term in winter.

"The Collection of Seventy-two Hours of the Moon Order" says: "Small snow, in mid-October. The rain is thinned by the cold air, so it condenses and turns into snow. The small one is not full." This also means that the weather will be colder and colder.

  Ding Xia explained that one of the concepts of health preservation is the correspondence between man and nature.

As the weather gets colder, pay more attention to the cold in the clothes, and eat some foods that can generate more heat to resist the severe cold.

It is advisable to "warm up" during the light snow season

  As the saying goes, "light snow shovels cabbage, heavy snow shovels spinach".

Around the Xiaoxue solar term, many customs have been formed among the people.

  "In the old days, the material conditions were not rich enough, and the seasonality of vegetables was strong. At this time, the northern region began to store cabbage. In northern Shaanxi, there is a custom of slaughtering sheep in light snow. Eating a bowl of hot mutton soup can play a role in keeping warm. .” Ding Xia said.

Data map: Drying "La Mei".

Photo by Fang Kun

  The folks pay attention to "salt the cured meat in winter, and store it for the winter". The temperature is low and the weather is dry in winter, which is just suitable for curing bacon.

As a result, every household started to get busy, making some sausages and bacon to prepare for the winter.

  There is also information that some people will pickle pickles at this time, and the raw materials used are not only some green vegetables, but also "potherb red" are also popular.

The prepared pickles are delicious and delicious, which is a more delicious accompaniment.

  Ding Xia said that one of the diets during the light snow season is to warm and nourish, and the other is to nourish the spleen and stomach. "You can eat some high-protein, high-calorie foods such as beef and mutton to improve the body's ability to resist the cold."

Five principles of winter health preservation

  "The Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic" has a cloud: "Winter and March, this is called closed storage. The water and ice ground will not disturb the sun. If you lie down early and get up late, you must wait for the sun." From this point of view, not only the light snow solar terms, winter is better The best work and rest time is to go to bed early and get up late to ensure adequate sleep.

  Ding Xia concluded that the following five principles can be referred to for winter health preservation.

First, daily life protects the sun.

In terms of work and rest, you should go to bed early and wake up late; in terms of clothing, you should keep warm as the temperature changes. "Some young people may pursue fashion and sometimes wear short skirts in winter. In fact, it is very important to keep warm on the abdomen and back."

  Second, appropriate tonic.

"The ancients believed that the five elements correspond to the five internal organs, and the winter corresponds to the kidneys, and the diet should be based on nourishing the kidneys. From the perspective of the five elements and the five internal organs corresponding to the five colors, black enters the kidneys, and you can eat a little black rice and black sesame." Ding Xia said .

  Furthermore, in addition to the nutritional content, the temperature of the food should also be considered.

She said that in winter, avoid eating food taken directly from the refrigerator, and the food to be eaten must be warm.

The spleen and stomach are the foundation of the day after tomorrow. A strong spleen and stomach can also nourish the innate kidney essence.

Data map: Jiuzhaigou in winter is covered in silver.

The picture shows the aerial photography of the sea of ​​sparks.

Photo by An Yuan

  Third, stay within the spirit.

Less sunlight and less exercise in winter can easily lead to depression.

Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a relatively peaceful state in terms of spirit and psychology, and not be too much disturbed by the outside world, so as to protect Yang Qi and reduce the loss of Yin essence.

  Emotional conditioning is very important in winter, to ensure that the seven emotions are not excessive, and at the same time consciously carry out self-regulation.

For example, read more literary and artistic works with positive content, and when the weather is good, go out and do some sports as much as possible.

  Fourth, moderate exercise.

From the perspective of daily health preservation, winter is not suitable for strenuous exercise with a lot of sweat.

First, sweat is the fluid of the heart and also the yin essence of the human body.

Second, the sweat pores are opened, and the human body is prone to cold.

  Therefore, the standard of exercise volume for the purpose of health preservation in winter is based on slightly sweating after exercise, and the body is slightly warm and more comfortable.

Moderate exercise can help digestion and prevent excessive weight gain.

  Fifth, nourish yin and moisten dryness.

Ding Xia explained that, for example, some places have heating in winter, and the room temperature is too high, and you may eat a lot of high-calorie foods, which will easily cause internal heat and dryness.

  Therefore, in terms of environment, pay attention to the indoor air humidity, use a humidifier when it is relatively dry, or put a little water in the house to let the water evaporate, which is good for the skin.

Furthermore, drinking more warm water is also a way.

Eat in moderation

  As the saying goes, "Food is the most important thing for the people", when winter comes, food and health are also accompanied by winter.

  Ding Xia mentioned that the spleen can be nourished in all seasons. You can eat more tubers, such as sweet potatoes, potatoes, lotus root, yam, etc. When stewing beef and mutton, you can also add some according to the actual situation.

Data map: A section of lotus root is extraordinarily bright under the sunlight, long and plump, fine and white and tender, with long silk.

Photo by Siqin Gaowa

  Those who prefer to drink porridge can consciously add some poria cocos, pumpkin, dates, etc. to the porridge to make porridge with miscellaneous grains, but try not to eat too many beans.

Because there is less exercise in winter, soy products are not easy to digest, and people who are prone to abdominal distension should eat less soy products.

  For cooking, mutton is warm in nature and can be used to stew soup.

Ding Xia introduced that there is a "angelica, ginger and mutton soup", which can nourish and activate blood, and is suitable for those who are afraid of cold and prone to diarrhea.

  However, even if it is a tonic, avoid eating too much spicy food, which may damage the stomach yin and lung yin.

If you have nothing to do, you can boil water with pears, lilies, and wolfberries, and add a little rock sugar to nourish lung yin and prevent thirst.

  "Traditional Chinese medicine often talks about 'preventing disease', and prevention is very important for health care." Ding Xia gave an example, functional diarrhea, indigestion, constipation and other digestive system diseases are prone to occur in winter, and more attention should be paid in daily life.

  For example, some people may suffer from deficiency and coldness in the middle Jiao, so they should pay special attention to keeping their abdomen warm when going out to reduce diarrhea in winter; foods such as fungus, sweet potato, and dragon fruit have the effect of moistening the intestines and laxative, so you can eat some appropriately.

  Eat in moderation and not overeating, especially for dinner, usually 80% full.

In addition, people who are prone to indigestion can try to rub their abdomen clockwise gently before going to bed at night, which is very effective in improving sleep and promoting gastrointestinal motility.

  "Now the pace of life is accelerating and the diet is rich and sufficient, but we still need to understand the characteristics of solar terms, and be as self-disciplined as possible to ensure good health." Ding Xia said.