How to break the "disrepair" deadlock of community greening?

  "Would you care about the greening of the community?" Many citizens were once disapproving of this topic.

With the improvement of people's requirements for residential comfort, the garden layout and greening grades in the community are also more and more concerned by buyers.

However, a common status quo is that the greening of most communities is not satisfactory, especially for some newly built communities. The landscape greening that was once a "selling point" when selling houses, is now "disrepaired" has become a common problem.

  Where is the crux of the problem?

How can the community be green again?

A reporter from Beijing Youth Daily recently conducted an in-depth investigation.

  Where has the old "green" gone?

  "If the community can create a lush scenery with trees, birds and flowers, it will give people a feeling of comfort and tranquility. In addition to living, they can also enjoy life." Liu Cheng (pseudonym), who is in the medical industry, has always fantasized about his number one priority. The house should be like this, but the actual situation is that he finally compromised with the "location" and bought the old and poor in Xicheng.

Liu Cheng said, "I'm still a little unhappy with the current environment. When I change houses in the future, I still want to change to a greener community."

  There are not a few people who have the same idea as Liu Cheng. Mr. Yang, who has just changed houses, said frankly that in addition to the location and price, the most important thing when buying a house should be the environmental landscape after the delivery of the community.

  This is true of old communities, as are many new commercial housing communities in recent years.

When a reporter from Beiqing Daily visited several communities in Changping District, they found that the bushes on both sides of the greenway were chaotic, and dead branches and yellow leaves that were not cleaned up in time could be seen everywhere.

In a community that has been in operation for 16 years, a lot of debris has accumulated on the green space at the entrance of many units, and there are even abandoned children's bicycles and baby strollers.

  Faced with such a situation, resident Zhang Min (pseudonym) was very embarrassed. She said that she came here three years ago to help take care of her granddaughter. "In the early years, there was some greenery in the community, but these years have basically been abandoned, and the properties in the community have changed a few times. , the greening will basically be left alone.”

  In the Sanjianfang area of ​​Chaoyang District, a community built in the 1990s was also plagued by greening problems.

"The greening of our community was still a major feature back then, but it's really not as good as a year!" Resident Wang Hao (pseudonym) took out a photo he took 10 years ago. At that time, the community was lush and green, and now many trees are withered disappeared.

Wang Hao said that they went to the property many times to report this problem, but each time the other party was prevaricious with insufficient funds.

  The Beiqing Daily reporter inquired about relevant information and learned that according to the standard of garden-style residential quarters, the residential quarters should meet the following standards, such as the coverage rate of plants in the green space is more than 80%, and the lawn area is controlled within 40%.

The plants in the community are flourishing, the green space is clean and tidy, the diseases and insects do not cause obvious harm, and the green space facilities and hardscape are basically intact all year round... Obviously, many communities are still far from this standard.

  Why is the greening of the community "in disrepair"?

  Why is the greening of the community "in disrepair"?

The Beiqing Daily reporter learned in the interview that insufficient funds and the resulting poor greening management and maintenance are the main reasons.

In fact, the greening effect and function of the residential area are not obtained immediately after the completion of the construction and handover, and the later maintenance and management can make the greening function develop sustainably.

However, due to insufficient funding and lack of professional maintenance personnel, the current greening in most communities cannot meet the residents' requirements for green living.

  Mr. Sun, who has lived in a community in Changping since 2006, told the Beiqing Daily reporter that the greening of their community was OK at the beginning, with flowers, trees and grass.

However, due to insufficient maintenance later, it gradually became "barren". There is no special fund for the greening of the community. If the greening is to be maintained, the money must be paid from the property fee, but the residents of the old community are not particularly well-off. It's hard to get support if you want to raise property fees.

"At present, the cost for greening is only 8 cents per square meter, and it is not easy to increase the money. This amount of money is a drop in the bucket for the improvement of greening."

  According to the "Regulations on Urban Greening of Beijing", the proportion of greening land in newly built residential areas and residential quarters shall not be less than 30%, and shall be constructed in accordance with the standard of not less than 2 square meters per capita in residential areas and 1 square meter per capita in residential areas. Concentrate on green space.

The regulations also stipulate that the green space legally owned by the owners in residential areas and residential quarters is the responsibility of the owners, and the owners can entrust property service companies to manage and protect them.

In the interview, many residents mentioned whether the public maintenance fund can be used to maintain the greening of the community?

In this regard, Lei Guoya, a lawyer in the real estate field in Beijing and a partner of Jingshi Law Firm, told the Beiqing Daily reporter that the housing maintenance fund can generally only be used for the maintenance of houses and the maintenance of public supporting houses, and the maintenance of tree greening is a property fee. Included items.

Therefore, at present, the maintenance of community greening can only be solved by charging the property fee.

  In reality, there has been a long-term dispute and entanglement between the owner and the property over the use of the property fee in the issue of greening.

Owners often report the inaction of the property, and the property claims that maintenance costs are insufficient.

Therefore, the source of funds has become the biggest problem in solving the "disrepair" of old residential greening.

  What does greening mean for real estate appreciation?

  The Beiqing Daily reporter also found in the interview that many new commercial housing communities in recent years, developers use the greening of the community as a selling point when selling buildings, but after the actual occupancy, the green standard is far less than when the building was sold. Standard and scale of demonstration or promotion.

Taking a community in Chaoyang District as an example, according to relevant media reports, it was once protested by the owner because about 5,000 square meters of planned green space adjacent to the community was converted into a parking lot.

It is understood that the planning diagram shown by the developer of the community when selling the house indicates that the plot is a green space on behalf of the owner.

  On the contrary, those communities with well-maintained greenery, such as Wanquan Xinxin Home, Beijing Xinghewan, and Tiantongyuan North 2nd and 3rd Districts, have relatively good community greening planning and later maintenance, and the community environment is consistent. Home prices tend to be higher than in the same area.

That is to say, the planning and maintenance of community greening has formed a support for the preservation and appreciation of housing prices in the community.

Taking Xinghewan as an example, its buildings and gardens are perfectly combined, focusing on the combination of the form and layout of residential buildings and green spaces, and the space is infiltrated with each other, and greening and buildings are the interface with each other.

At that time, the Beijing Municipal Planning Department published the book "Approaching the Star River in Beijing" to promote its experience.


  Can the shortage of greening funds be made up with the community’s public benefits?

  In recent years, the issue of green space in residential areas has also attracted the attention of relevant functional departments of the Beijing Municipal Government. The Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscaping issued a notice in 2021 on the issuance of the "Work Plan for Special Actions on Green Space Issues in Residential Areas and Residential Areas".

The landscaping bureaus of all districts are required to further strengthen the management and protection of green spaces in residential areas and residential quarters, solve problems such as hidden tree hazards and green space encroachment in the residential areas that residents are concerned about, and strive to create a livable residential green environment.

The plan proposes to adhere to the combination of special governance actions and the comprehensive renovation of old communities, aiming at connecting the greening and beautification work in the renovation of old communities, and adopting the method of inserting greenery and increasing greening in various ways to continuously improve and enhance the greening environment of old communities. .

A staff member of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-Rural Development also told the Beiqing Daily reporter that the issue of greening is also one of the concerns in the renovation and upgrading of old residential areas in Beijing.

In the process of renovation of old communities, we will stick to one community, one plan.

Before the plan is finalized, it will be discussed with residents, fully absorb their opinions, and transform the community into a beautiful home with a beautiful environment, clean and orderly.

  Zhao Xiuchi, a professor at Capital University of Economics and Business and vice president of Beijing Real Estate Law Society, also said in an interview with a reporter from Beiqing Daily that the property should bear the main responsibility for the greening of the community, because the owner's property fee includes the greening fee of.

Should the property fee be increased if the community greening funds are insufficient?

Zhao Xiuchi believes that it is not feasible to simply increase the property fee. The public revenue of the community should be used to make up for the lack of greening funds, such as elevator advertisements and ground parking space income.

However, the greening problem in the old community will be relatively difficult to solve because there is no property, and more efforts are needed to pay attention.


  Developers set up green space maintenance supplementary fund or become a new way

  Through professional plant replanting and transplanting, replanting of trampled turf, beautification of messy tree holes, and careful replacement of aging seedlings... A commercial housing community outside the East Fifth Ring Road in Chaoyang District has been widely praised for its beautiful greenery.

Since the greening of the community is directly related to the quality of life of the owners of the community, and a good green living environment also forms a certain support for the appreciation of house prices in the later period, more and more owners are concerned about the greening of the community, and they even spontaneously cooperate with the property to jointly maintain and improve the community. green environment.

  During the interview, a reporter from Beiqing Daily learned that Zijin Academy, a new commercial housing project in Huoying in Huitian area, recently proposed the idea of ​​supplementing the green space conservation fund.

According to the person in charge of the Zijin Academy project, the planned "Green Space Maintenance Supplementary Fund" is a supplementary capital pool investment by the company for the later occupancy community to establish a higher-quality presentation of gardens with a sense of responsibility. The heart of building a community voluntarily joins as a member of the joint building.

"This fund will be earmarked for special use, which is the icing on the cake on the basis of the high-standard gardens of the project, and is an enterprise guarantee for the preservation of the value of the community after delivery. We consider not only the guarantee of delivery, but also the quality guarantee given to customers after delivery. ."

  It is understood that Zijin Academy also has a preliminary plan for the custody of the supplementary fund for green space conservation. Currently, 2 million yuan is put into the project company’s new field bank account in the form of green space conservation fund through the Zhongguancun Science City company account. Every month The bank will issue the status of the payment. Before the project is delivered, the enthusiastic founder owners will be screened out, and the supervision will be assisted in the publicity during the stage. After the delivery, the community will set up a property management committee or an industry committee to supervise the use.

  In this regard, Zhao Xiuchi, a professor at Capital University of Economics and Business and vice president of the Beijing Real Estate Law Society, believes that the establishment of a greening maintenance fund by developers is a good thing in itself. It is not booming, and it is difficult to expand on a large scale in the short term, and there may only be a small number of sympathetic and responsible companies that will do so.

  This group of articles / reporter Zhu Kaiyun Song Xia

  Coordination / Yu Meiying