China News Service, Beijing, September 28 (Reporter Ying Ni) The reporter learned from the "Archaeology China" major project conference held by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in Beijing on the 28th that the underwater deep-sea archaeology represented by the deep-sea archaeology of the Xisha sea area exceeded 2,000 meters. , achieving another breakthrough in China's deep-sea archaeology.

  Guan Qiang, deputy director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, briefed the important progress of archaeological work in the first to third quarters of 2022 at the press conference.

  He introduced that from the first to the third quarter of 2022, the national archaeological work will be carried out in an orderly manner, and important progress has been made.

The 18 major research projects of "Archaeological China" are being promoted as a whole, and 254 active archaeological excavation projects have been systematically implemented.

1,157 archaeological projects of capital construction were carried out in a timely and efficient manner, and 20 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) implemented the policy measures of "archaeology first, transfer later".

The deep-sea archaeology in the Xisha waters has exceeded 2,000 meters, and the Shanghai Yangtze River Estuary No. 2 ancient ship archaeology and cultural relics protection project has been launched, and the underwater archaeology highlights are outstanding.

The top ten new archaeological discoveries in the country and the "China Archaeological Conference" have promoted the continuous rise of "archaeological fever".

The number of 71 archaeological institutions across the country has increased by more than 1,500, and 8 archaeological professional training courses have systematically trained 219 front-line archaeologists. The construction of archaeological teams has achieved remarkable results.

  According to Chen Xingcan, director of the Institute of Archaeology of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, major progress has been made in the fifth phase of the research on the origin of Chinese civilization, and breakthroughs have been made in field archaeology at Erlitou and other core sites. Important achievements have been made in the study of the economic model of production, the specialization of the handicraft industry, and the comprehensive study of civilization theory, which has deepened the understanding of the grand process of "diversity and unity" of Chinese civilization.

  New archaeological discoveries and research results continue to emerge.

A newly discovered ancient human skull fossil at the Liangzi site of Shiyan Xuetang, Hubei Province, is the most complete Homo erectus skull fossil discovered in the Eurasian inland so far. evidence.

Architectural remains of the Han Dynasty were discovered at the Hebosuo site in Kunming, Yunnan, and a large number of sealed clay and bamboo slips were unearthed, which provided clues for finding the county seat of Yizhou County set up in the Western Han Dynasty, and was an important evidence for the formation and development of a unified multi-ethnic country.

Kaifeng Zhouqiao and Bianhe ruins in Henan are a microcosm of the historical evolution of Kaifeng city from the Tang and Song Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They have outstanding universal value for the study of the structure and layout of Tokyo City in the Northern Song Dynasty and the history and culture of the Grand Canal. Construction has great practical significance.

The ruins of the ancient port of Wenzhou, Zhejiang have discovered the ruins of the ancient city of water and Luchengmen, as well as the relics of wharfs, roads, plank roads, dry fence buildings, wells and other relics. The large scale, complete system and rich connotation vividly reproduce the prosperity of Wenzhou Port in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The scene is the historical witness of the ancient Chinese Maritime Silk Road.