This morning (28th), the State Administration of Cultural Heritage held a press conference on the "Archaeological China" major project, reporting new archaeological discoveries from Hubei, Yunnan, Wenzhou and Kaifeng. At the same time, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage also notified the first to third Quarterly progress of archaeological work.

  Among the new discoveries of the latest major archaeological project in China, a newly discovered ancient human skull fossil - the Yunxian Man No. 3 skull was discovered at the Liangzi site of Shiyan Xuetang, Hubei.

△The middle part of the picture is a half-unearthed skull fossil

  According to reports, the fossil was first exposed on May 18, 2022. The skull is well preserved, with a small amount of cement on the surface. The skull is full and the eyebrow arch is obviously raised. It is the most complete Homo erectus skull fossil discovered in the Eurasian interior so far.

The newly discovered "Yunxian Man" No. 3 skull fossil, about 1 million years ago, is in the middle and key link of the nearly 2 million-year evolution of ancient humans in Eurasia. It is an important fossil for discussing the emergence and development of humans in East Asia. Evidence that confirms the millions of years of human history in my country.

  At present, the lower half of the fossil skull is still in the native soil layer, and the right side is partially embedded in the south wall.

In the follow-up, extraction and restoration plans will be formulated, and a multidisciplinary comprehensive cross-study of the site will be carried out simultaneously.

  Among the newly reported major archaeological discoveries in China, there are also Han Dynasty architectural relics discovered at the Hebosuo site in Kunming, Yunnan, and a large number of sealed mud and bamboo slips were unearthed, which provided clues for finding the county seat of Yizhou County, which was set up in the Western Han Dynasty. Important evidence for the formation and development of nation-states.

Kaifeng Zhouqiao and Bianhe ruins in Henan are a microcosm of the historical evolution of Kaifeng city from the Tang and Song Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. They have outstanding universal value for the study of the structure and layout of Tokyo City in the Northern Song Dynasty and the history and culture of the Grand Canal. Construction has great practical significance.

The ruins of the ancient port of Wenzhou, Zhejiang have discovered the ruins of the ancient city of water, Luchengmen buildings, wharfs, plank roads, dry-column buildings, wells and other relics. The large scale and complete system vividly reproduce the prosperity of Wenzhou Port in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. It is an ancient Chinese The historical witness of the Maritime Silk Road.

  In addition, according to the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, from the first to third quarters of 2022, 18 major research projects of "Archaeological China" have been coordinated and promoted, 254 active archaeological excavation projects have been systematically implemented, and the fifth stage of the research on the origin of Chinese civilization (2020 Year-2024) to further advance, to demonstrate the historical context of the development of Chinese civilization.

  (Headquarters CCTV reporter Tian Yunhua Zhang Lilei Yanhong)