Autumn officially started last Sunday, and there is a custom of "posting autumn fat" among folks in northern my country.
The reason for posting autumn fat is that the hot and stuffy summer makes many people have a bad appetite and poor appetite. Because they eat less, they often lose weight. In order to make up for this "bitter summer" deficit, autumn is coming. After that, you have to eat and drink to "make up" for yourself.
So, do we really need to "stick autumn fat"?
Does everyone need to "stick autumn fat"?
Today we will analyze and analyze.
People with low body weight should consider "posting autumn fat"
"Fat" in the human body mainly refers to subcutaneous fat.
Professionally speaking, the amount of subcutaneous fat and its proportion to body weight, that is, body fat percentage (BF%), is an important indicator to reflect human health and predict diseases.
At present, one of the most commonly used indicators for judging obesity is body mass index (BMI), that is, weight (kg) divided by the square of height (meters). This indicator indirectly reflects body fat, because the measurement of body fat is not as easy as weight and height. Measurement.
In fact, the most accurate body fat percentage should be used to judge obesity. Adult male body fat percentage (BF%)>25%, female body fat percentage (BF%)>30% is obese.
For people who have already exceeded "fat", they should no longer blindly "post autumn fat".
For people who are underweight, or who are already underweight, they can consider "fitting fat" appropriately.
greater risk of chronic disease
The different distribution of fat in the human body will also have different effects on our health.
Fat is mainly distributed in the viscera and subcutaneous of the upper abdomen, which is called "abdominal" or "central" obesity; fat is mainly distributed in the lower abdomen, buttocks and thighs, which is called "peripheral" obesity.
Most of the adult male obesity in our country belongs to the central obesity, which is commonly known as the "general belly"; while the middle-aged female obesity also accumulates more fat in the waist and abdomen.
Central obesity has a significantly higher risk of chronic disease than normal individuals.
Compared with other types of obesity, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with central obesity is 3-4 times higher, and they are also more likely to combine hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and have a greater risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Three points should be paid attention to in "posting autumn fat"
Appropriately "stick fat", you should also pay attention to:
1. "Autumn supplement" cannot blindly eat only big fish and big meat
Sustaining life and health requires more than 40 nutrients, all of which are indispensable.
Since the human body cannot fully synthesize these nutrients, it needs to be obtained from a variety of foods.
There is no natural food that provides all the nutrients the human body needs.
Therefore, "autumn supplements" can not blindly eat big fish and meat, dairy products, soy products, bacteria and algae, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits should also be eaten regularly.
2. You can often drink porridge
Due to the dry weather in autumn, it is easy to get angry, so more attention should be paid to preventing autumn dryness in food selection.
You can often drink porridge, such as porridge made from miscellaneous grains such as millet, oats, barley, lotus seeds, etc., you can add some potatoes, such as sweet potatoes, yam, etc.
Eat less fried foods and avoid or limit sugary drinks.
3. Eat a balanced diet and exercise moderately every day
Needless to say, the health benefits of exercise are all about persistence and developing a healthy lifestyle.
Text / Li Muxia (Doctoral Student of Dr. Ma Health Group)