■ Observer

  In our society, the understanding of the senior high school entrance examination is generally vague, and it is a typical misunderstanding of the concept to confuse the "selective examination" with the evaluation examination.

  Recently, following the release of the college entrance examination results, the results of the 2022 high school entrance examination were also announced. Many parents and candidates found that high-scoring candidates from all over the country were blowing out, and candidates with a score of more than 700 in some areas were "grabbing one by one".

For example, Chengdu has a perfect score of 710. Last year, more than 3,900 scored 600, but this year, there are more than 7,000; Zhejiang Taizhou has a perfect score of 750, and a large number of key high schools have an admission score of more than 700. Similar situations, also Appeared in Hefei, Anhui, Shijiazhuang, Hebei and other cities.

In this regard, some parents and students are puzzled: Why can't they go to a good school even though they got high marks in the test?

  The scores of the senior high school entrance examination have generally improved, which is obviously a result of the simpler propositions of the senior high school entrance examination.

Since the senior high school entrance examination is based on the high school enrollment plan, the admission is based on the test scores of the candidates, and the test scores are generally improved, which will also push up the admission scores.

To this end, it is necessary to discuss, whether the high school entrance examination questions should be difficult or easy?

What kind of high school entrance examination proposition can be used for more scientific talent selection?

  The senior high school entrance examination is more of a "selective examination" in nature

  Almost every year, candidates and parents hope that the test questions will be simpler, so that each student can get a higher score and have a "sense of gain".

However, it should be known that the high school entrance examination is not based on absolute test scores, but based on the relative ranking of candidates. The test questions are simple, everyone's test scores rise, and high-ranking students "beat up", there may be "high scores and low scores".

In the face of higher and higher admission scores, the anxiety of candidates and parents will also increase.

  This requires a correct understanding of the nature of the high school entrance examination.

Under the current admission system, although my country's senior high school entrance examination and junior high school academic level test are "two tests in one", due to the enrollment function of high school schools, the senior high school entrance examination is more of a "selective test" nature, and the test scores are the results of high school admissions. important, even the only basis.

Therefore, more important than test scores is the candidate's ranking among candidates in the region.

For the "selection examination", the most important thing is to play the role of scientific selection.

  High-quality propositions are not difficult to measure

  In this regard, high-quality middle and high school entrance examination questions should reflect the selection and distinction on the basis of evaluating the basic academic level of junior high school students, and at the same time prevent students from preparing for the test by means of "exam-taking routines" and "rubbing questions".

  It should be recognized that the simpler the propositions bring, the more students' "test scores" and "question tactics".

Students need to spend more time on low-quality brushing questions to improve their proficiency in the questions.

This is how school teachers assign mechanical and repetitive questions to students during the compulsory education stage in my country.

  However, if you simply increase the difficulty of the proposition, you will inevitably encounter doubts.

If the subject of a certain year is slightly difficult, it may be questioned and increase the burden on students.

Even if students' scores in the senior high school entrance examination are lowered, some people will criticize the decline in the teaching level of basic education, such as how many candidates with a score of 600 or above this year are less than last year.

  Freeing students from competition for places

  To get out of this "dilemma", under the current framework of the admission system for the senior high school entrance examination, it is necessary to clarify the nature of the "selective examination" of the senior high school entrance examination. High school entrance exam questions.

According to the "selective examination" nature of the senior high school entrance examination, in the senior high school entrance examination with a full score of 660 points, there should be a small number of candidates with a score of 600 or more, and it is normal for students with only 200 points and 300 points to appear.

The test results must conform to the principle of normal distribution, so that such a "selective test" can be differentiated, and it is also conducive to the correct cognition and positioning of candidates' self-ability.

  If the evaluation function of the senior high school entrance examination is to be further brought into play, it is necessary to promote the reform of the senior high school entrance examination admission system, that is, to establish a multiple evaluation system, no longer only based on the total score and ranking of the senior high school entrance examination combined with the students' wishes, but to use the senior high school entrance examination results as the evaluation of students. On the one hand basis.

As an evaluation, if a subject has a score of 100 and a test taker has a score of 90, that is 90. There is no need to pay attention to the number of students. This frees students from the competition for rankings.

  □Xiong Bingqi (pedagogical scholar)

Keywords: