Washington plans - within days - to announce the purchase of the anti-aircraft system "NASAMS" developed by Norway, to supply Ukraine with it, according to the American network "CNN" (CNN).

Nasams is a medium to long-range surface-to-air missile defense system, which Ukraine requested from the United States of America;

Because Russian weapons can hit targets more than 100 miles away.

It is worth noting that NASAMS is the system used by the United States to protect the airspace around the White House and the Capitol Building (Congress) in Washington.

US-Norwegian partnership

1994: Tests of the NASAMS system began, in partnership between the American Raytheon Muscles & Defense Company and the Norwegian Kongsberg Corporation for the defense and aviation industry, and the experiments lasted about 4 years.

1998: The Nasams system actually entered service primarily with the Royal Norwegian Air Force.

2005: Nasams was installed within the air defense system in the "National Capital Region" in the United States of America.

The work of the Nasams system is complementary to the Patriot air defense system and the Hawk defense system as part of the air defense missile system developed by Raytheon Corporation.

This system can be deployed for the purposes of detection, tracking, engagement and destruction of fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, and unmanned aerial vehicles.

June 2015: Raytheon and Kongsberg sign a 10-year agreement to extend their partnership in Norway's advanced NASAMS missiles until 2025.

October 2021: Raytheon Maisels & Defense unveils a NASAMS medium-range air defense radar and missile system called GhostEye MR.

advanced defense system

- According to experts, the NASAMS system is one of the most successful defense projects in Norway and the world, so that the NASAMS missile batteries constitute the only stationary missile defenses in the United States to protect the capital, Washington.

There were no great expectations when the NASAMS project began, but Norway, in partnership with the United States, succeeded in designing one of the most modular and flexible air defense systems.

NASAMS guarantees air defense units an advanced and customizable defense system that enhances their ability to monitor, counter and destroy both current and advanced enemy aviation, drones, and modern cruise missiles.

Nasams defense systems are deployed in 12 countries: the United States, Norway, Finland, Spain, the Netherlands, the Sultanate of Oman, Lithuania, Indonesia, Australia, Qatar, Hungary, and another country that did not name the manufacturer.

All 12 countries have chosen to rely on Nasams to ensure their national security and defend their vital assets, while 15 countries have obtained control systems that comply with their requirements.

NASAMS medium to long-range surface-to-air missile defense system (European)

Architectural Structure

The Nasams system is designed based on a modular, distributed, open architecture, hardware and software, allowing the addition of new technologies, capabilities and features to it.

The system features a network-centric architecture that provides increased survivability against electronic countermeasures, and enables the air defense system to engage 72 targets simultaneously in active and passive modes.

With the increase in the number of Nasams users, continuous updates will ensure that it is the best defense system, in terms of readiness for engagement and the most technologically advanced.

The basic missile of the system is the AIM-120 AMRAAM. The range of the missile when launched from the ground ranges between 15-25 km, depending on the type of version.

The system consists of Raytheon's MPQ-64F1 Sentinel surveillance and reconnaissance radar, a high-precision, three-dimensional radar for detecting and tracking air targets.

fire distribution center

The missile system is also equipped with AIM-120 AMRAAM missile launchers, an electro-optical sensor, an infrared sensor, a real-time communications network and an integrated and stand-alone mission planning tool.

The advanced Norwegian missile system Nasams can launch missiles other than the AIM-120 AMRAAM, such as the AIM-9X Sidewinder and the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile ESSM).

The advanced system is equipped with 3 multi-tasking launchers, each carrying up to 6 missiles ready to be launched from within protective containers. The system features a 360-degree defensive capability, and is suitable for day and night operations in all weather conditions.

The system is equipped with a "Fire Distribution Center" (FDC) with a command and control unit to perform the functions of battle management, control, communications, computers and intelligence "BMC4I". It is also used for data link management, routing, correlation and threat assessment, Distribution of weapons and evaluation of results.