China News Agency, Beijing, June 26 (Reporter Guo Chaokai) June 26 is the International Anti-Drug Day.
The current international drug situation is in a high-risk period, and the abuse of synthetic drugs is still spreading. Relapse and cross-abuse are prominent. The drug problem has become an "intractable disease" in some countries.
While the global drug epidemic is rampant, China's drug control has achieved remarkable results in recent years.
In the past five years, China's anti-drug work has delivered a dazzling report card of "three declines" - a decline in drug-related criminal activities, a decline in the number of newly discovered drug addicts, and a decline in the number of existing drug addicts.
Liang Yun, executive deputy director of the National Narcotics Control Office of China and director of the Narcotics Control Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security, said that drug cases in China have dropped from 140,000 in 2017 to 54,000 in 2021, with an average annual decline of more than 20% for five consecutive years. Also rare.
Under the high-risk situation of international drugs, how can China's anti-drug work achieve "three reductions"?
The outside world may get the answer from the three major deployments of China's anti-drug department.
First, curb the infiltration of drugs from abroad.
The "2021 China Drug Situation Report" recently released by the Ministry of Public Security disclosed that the total domestic drug payment continued to decline, but the "Golden Triangle" area adjacent to the southwest border is still China's main source of drugs, and cocaine from South America is smuggled into China. There are still more, and the import of cannabis from North America to China has increased significantly.
Statistics show that in 2021, China seized 17.3 tons of three types of mainstream drugs, including heroin, methamphetamine, and ketamine, of which 15.3 tons were from overseas sources, while only 2 tons were hoarded or manufactured in China.
In other words, if we can effectively curb the influx of drugs from abroad, we can gain the initiative to win the war on drugs.
In response to the inflow of overseas drugs, China's anti-drug departments have continued to carry out special actions such as "two fights and two controls" and "clean borders", and vigorously implemented the strategy of "clearing the source and cutting off the flow".
In the first half of this year, national immigration management agencies seized 4.26 tons of various drugs and 486.6 tons of drug-making materials in border areas. The infiltration of foreign drugs from border areas has been effectively curbed.
In addition, the Chinese police have also deepened anti-drug intelligence exchanges and law enforcement cooperation with neighboring and key countries, organized joint anti-drug operations, and jointly cracked down on transnational drug crimes.
Since the official opening of the China-Laos Myanmar-Thailand Mekong River Joint Patrol and Law Enforcement Headquarters in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, the law enforcement agencies of the four countries have jointly carried out 118 patrols and law enforcement in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin.
Since the mechanism has been in operation for more than 10 years, the situation of public security and drug control in the basin has been significantly improved. Drug crimes have changed from rampant to occasional, from occasional to long-term non-disruption, and the drug outflow problem in the "Golden Triangle" region has been effectively controlled.
Second, crack down on the R&D and manufacture of new drugs.
Snacks contain marijuana ingredients, "stamps" can be hallucinogenic, and "diet pills" with special effects are psychoactive drugs... In recent years, as the public security organs have intensified their crackdowns, some criminals have disguised new drugs as diet pills, jumping Jumping candy, electronic cigarettes and other items make it difficult to distinguish and lose vigilance.
Compared with traditional drugs such as methamphetamine and heroin, new drug crimes have strong disguise, lower transaction prices, and greater temptation for young people.
Yuan Ming, director of the Second Procuratorate of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, revealed that in recent years, the proportion of new drug crime cases prosecuted by procuratorial organs in the total drug cases has risen from 53% in 2019 to 57% in 2021.
In order to focus on preventing new drugs in advance, China's anti-narcotics department has deployed and launched a special campaign against new drug crimes such as fentanyl-like substances, and strictly guarded against the development and manufacture of new drugs to ensure that there is no new drug abuse scale in China; at the same time, 58 new drugs have been added to the list. New drugs.
Up to now, China has regulated 449 kinds of narcotics and psychotropic substances. It is the country with the most listed drugs and the strictest control in the world, effectively curbing the spread of new drugs.
Third, crack down on "Internet + logistics" drug trafficking.
With the rapid development of new forms of business such as the Internet and logistics and delivery, criminals are increasingly using sea, land and air mail channels to smuggle and traffic drugs, and the channels are becoming more and more three-dimensional and complicated.
From the early days when the whole package of drugs was hidden in the packaging of tea, coffee beans, etc., to the current time when the capsules or tablets were hidden in the interlayer of the sent items, the criminals' hidden drug methods became more and more concealed.
Under the influence of the global new crown pneumonia epidemic, "Internet + logistics" has become the main way of smuggling and trafficking in drugs.
Wang Xiaolan, director of the Second Procuratorial Department of the Sichuan Provincial Procuratorate, said that the traditional transaction model of "payment with one hand and delivery with one hand" for drug crimes is gradually decreasing, and the transaction patterns of non-face-to-face delivery, such as remote transfer and logistics delivery, have increased significantly.
In order to cut off this drug trafficking path, the public security organs, together with the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, the State Post Bureau and other departments, continue to carry out the rectification of Internet drug-related crimes and crimes, and establish a long-term control mechanism.
In 2021, the police will crack down 5,000 online drug trafficking cases, arrest 8,000 criminal suspects, and collect 0.5 tons of drugs.
In addition, China has also deepened anti-drug publicity and education for the entire population, and strengthened anti-drug science and technology research.
After years of hard work, China's drug control has achieved remarkable results, greatly reducing the harm caused by drugs.
Under the influence of a century of changes and the epidemic of the century, the current global drug production remains high. China's anti-drug struggle is still challenged by overseas drug penetration and active online drug-related activities. Anti-drug work still needs a long time to work.