• How to help your partner or children control anxiety

  • Camila Cabello and her express digital blackout: mental cure or frivolity?

  • Selena Gomez: "I took a weight off my shoulders when I found out I have bipolar disorder"

Lovesickness, erotic melancholy,

passionate psychosis

or erotomanic delirium.

Any of the names even sounds touching, but it becomes

chilling

if we think that we are dealing with a

mental disorder

called erotomania or

Clerambault syndrome

.

"I'm coming for you, my love" or "I'm ready to marry you right now and support you."

They are some of the graffiti that the singer

Shakira

has found in front of her house written on the ground and in English.

Vandalism or disease?

Although the

investigation

is in the hands of the police, the author could be a boy of Russian origin who had been lurking around the house for several days and who came to rebuke the

reporters

stationed nearby.

Due to his characteristics, they could be the sign of a type of delusional

disorder

that leads the author of these messages to the conviction that his admiration or love for the artist is reciprocal.

One of the authors who has best described this syndrome is the psychiatrist

Luis de Rivera

: "Under this delusion, the lover has the firm and false belief that he is being

reciprocated

by someone who has not even noticed his existence. It is a

delusional

idea , a thought that can not stop

crushing

, although there is no evidence of arousing the slightest interest in that person, almost always famous".

passionate psychosis

The name is due to the psychiatrist

Gaetan G. de Clerambault

, who defined it for the first time in early 1921 in his treatise 'The

psychoses

of passion'.

It is still a peculiar pathology because it is wrapped with a patina of

romanticism

or platonic love that sometimes makes diagnosis difficult.

The reality is that this

obsessive

behavior has sometimes ended in very tragic episodes.

The patient feeds the idea of ​​an unattainable relationship and provides himself with arguments, always unfounded, to

overcome obstacles

.

In that fable, according to De Rivera, illusions,

hallucinations

, erroneous associations, illogical and strange convictions appear.

The fact that the lives of these known people are exposed to the public facilitates the task of stalking, contact and

harassment

.

In the first studies, it was considered an exclusively female pathology, but cases of men with identical symptoms were soon identified.

Getty Images

There have been famous cases, such as that of

John Hinckley Jr,

who in 1981 tried to kill then President

Ronald Reagan

outside a hotel in Washington.

Fortunately, the bullet stopped inches from his heart.

During the trial, the attacker defined it as proof of love for actress

Jodie Foster

, "the

greatest

offering of all time."

He became obsessed with her after seeing her on

'Taxi Driver'

and started stalking her.

Reagan

's attempted assassination

It was the ultimate act to get his attention.

Before, she had left him dozens of poems, letters and messages on his door and in his mailbox.

"Jodie, I ask you, please, to examine the bottom of your heart and give me at least the opportunity to get your respect and

love

for this historic act . I love you forever, "she wrote a few hours before shooting.

His diagnosis of

erotomania

or Clerambault syndrome freed him from prison, but he spent 35 years in a psychiatric hospital under strict surveillance measures.

In 2016 he returned to his house.

spite and resentment

Closer we have the episode suffered by the sports journalist

Paco González

by

Lorena Gallego

, his number one fan.

In his

delirium

of her, he wanted to get rid of the obstacles that she thought were hindering her dream of living a love story: the

wife

and the

daughter

.

With the help of hit men, in 2016 he robbed the car of the two women in Boadilla del Monte, but his macabre plan was foiled despite the

stab wounds

he inflicted on them.

Forensic

psychologists

confirmed that she suffered from an erotomanic-type delusional disorder that led her to the conviction that the journalist was

in love

with her.

She lived in a parallel reality with the three phases that Clerambault described:

hope, spite,

and

resentment

.

In this case, her mental alteration was considered as a mitigating factor, but not as a defense.

pathological jealousy

The unequivocal symptom is that irrational but persistent belief that the person being harassed is

in love with

the subject and, therefore, any effort will have been worthwhile.

In his imagination, any gesture, look, or

statement

contains

hidden

signs of love expressly directed at him.

One of Clerambault's patients was a 53-year-old Parisian dressmaker who believed she was reciprocated by King

George V

of England.

On one of her trips to

Buckingham Palace

she saw the movement of a curtain and interpreted it as a warning from the monarch.

The danger begins when that vehement

passion

leads the individual to feel betrayed and

pathological jealousy.

Conforms to The Trust Project criteria

Know more

  • lifestyle

Keywords: