The "Kangxi Red Cannon" appeared in the waste station?

  Identified as a contemporary imitation scholar: there are a few places that are wrong at first glance

  May 25, 2022 Chengdu Commercial Daily Electronic Edition

  Recently, Shandong Satellite TV reported a news that a village secretary in Ju County, Rizhao City accidentally found two "red cannons" with "Kangxi Eight-Year System" written on the waste station, and immediately reported it to the cultural relics department.

Experts have confirmed that the two cannons are genuine cultural relics.

Then the staff did the job of the boss of the junk station and sent the cannon to the Juzhou Museum.

  Once the news was released, it was forwarded by Xinhua Daily Telegraph, People's Daily Online Henan Channel and other accounts, arousing public attention.

While the heat was fermenting, some netizens questioned that the cannon in the video was an imitation.

On May 23, the reporter learned from the Juzhou Museum that two red-clothed cannons of the "Kangxi eight-year system" recently discovered in Juxian County were identified as contemporary imitations by provincial cultural relic experts.

  Netizens questioned:

  Cannons do not conform to the Qing Dynasty shape

  The gun body font is a modern regular script type

  Some netizens believed that the "red-clothed cannon" found in Juxian did not conform to the shape of the Qing Dynasty, and the practice of placing the four words "red-clothed cannon" on the emperor's year title was disrespectful at that time.

Another basis is that the inscription "Red-clothed Cannon Kangxi Eight-Year System" engraved on the cannon is clear and distinct, the font is modern regular script, and the "red" in "Red-clothed Cannon Kangxi Eight-Year System" is not in traditional Chinese. The word "small" next to the twisted silk is a tick in simplified Chinese characters.

  The reporter combed and found that as early as May 6, reported the discovery of a cannon in Ju County, Rizhao City.

Sheng Guixi, a local collector of cultural relics, introduced that Jing Qingxun, the first secretary of the Juxian Transportation Bureau in Yanzhuang Village, Yanzhuang Street, was in the village and accidentally discovered that Xu Shanhe, a villager who was engaged in the purchase of waste products, had placed new purchases in front of the purchase station. He took pictures of the two ancient cannons, and asked Sheng Guixi, a friend who likes to collect and research cultural relics, to identify them.

Sheng Guixi didn't see it as a fake, so he immediately reported it to experts, who believed it was genuine and successfully entered the Juzhou Museum in Tibet on the same day.

  Who made the initial identification of "Red Cannon"?

According to, after the two cannons were discovered at the end of April, Yu Wenguo, the second-level chief staff member of the Juxian Culture and Tourism Bureau, had an academic research exchange with the Juguo Ancient City Management Service Center (Juzhou Museum, Ju Culture Research Institute). Minister Liu Yuntao participated in the identification and concluded that it was genuine.

  The reporter searched and found that Liu Yuntao was the legal representative of the Juzhou Museum.

According to the official website of the People's Government of Juxian County, the museum was founded in 1986 and covers an area of ​​5,200 square meters. It was opened to the public in 1989. It is one of the three county-level museums in Shandong Province and was rated as "Excellent Museum in Shandong Province" and "National Defense Education". base" etc.

Yu Wenguo is the second-level chief staff member of the Juxian Culture and Tourism Bureau. Born in 1968, he served as a member of the Juxian Economic Development Zone Working Committee and director of the Party and Mass Work Department.

According to the information of Juxian County on the public website, Yu Wenguo is also a member of Shandong Calligraphers Association and loves calligraphy. reported that the red-clothed cannon is also called the red-clothed cannon.

Because its prototype is a long barrel and spindle-shaped cannon invented by Europeans in the 16th century, it was introduced to China in the late Ming Dynasty and was imitated.

In the first month of the fourth year of Chongzhen (1631), Houjin used Liu Han, a craftsman who had come over from prisoners, to successfully imitate the Western cannon and named it "Tianyou Cheering General".

In the eighth year of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1669), the Qing government appointed Nan Huairen, a Belgian, to design a variety of cannons. There are three types of cannons: the light cannon "Shenwei General", the medium cannon "Shengong General", and the heavy cannon "Wucheng Yonggu General". "type.

The two red-clothed cannons discovered this time belong to the "General Shenwei" type of light cannons.

  Reporter's investigation:

  Xianyu with the same "red cannon"

  Online sales of 26,800 marked Made in the Republic of China

  The reporter searched Xianyu and found that a store was selling the same "Red Cannon Kangxi Eight-Year System" found in Juxian, Shandong.

The store wrote, "A pair of cast iron red cannons, made of heavy materials, are placed in museums, folk gardens, restaurants, hotels, and clubs, with a length of 256, a width of 90, a total height of 140, a caliber of 30, and a weight of 2,200 pounds." The price is "26800 Yuan", but the manufacturing period marked on this product is "Republic of China".

Another store on the same platform also sells the "cast iron red cannon" of the same specification.

  The reporter zoomed in on the picture of the product and saw that the text on the barrel of the cannon was highly consistent with the "red-clothed cannon" found in Ju County in the news report.

The reporter also noticed that the "Red Cannon Kangxi Eight-Year System" was put on the shelves on April 19.

  The reporter contacted Chen Yue, a master tutor of the School of Social History of Fujian Normal University who has long been devoted to the study of Chinese naval history.

Teacher Chen told reporters that the two "red-clothed cannons" discovered in Shandong are actually fabricated items, or handicrafts based on imagination.

  Mr. Chen said that this "red-clothed cannon" was wrong in several ways: first, the fire door behind the gun was very modern; second, the hoops on the gun were chaotic; third, the "Kangxi Eight" on the gun The inscription "Annual System" looks like a computer body at first glance; Fourth, the casting process of the cannon is very modern, and the mold opening line on the cannon is completely different from the past; Fifth, the casting material of the two cannons is very good, and the cannon body is smooth.

The cannons of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, unless they were cast with copper, would never be so smooth with mottled and pitted surfaces.

  Teacher Chen also introduced that no matter whether the people of the Ming Dynasty or the Qing Dynasty, they did not solve the problem of the gun carriage very well.

There are two main problems to be solved by the gun truck. One is the transportation problem, which is convenient for the artillery to maneuver and operate flexibly;

Westerners began to gradually solve these two problems in the 13th and 14th centuries, and from the Kangxi period to the Daoguang period, they did not give a good solution. Therefore, in the Qing Dynasty, red-clothed cannons were generally Use in fixed position.

  The two "red-clothed cannons" found in Shandong, as cannons made in the eighth year of Kangxi, were equipped with iron cannons.

This is clearly not in line with the historical situation.

Also, how do these two cannons move?

Is it being pushed by people, or is it being pulled by horses?

There is no drag-related connection device on the gun car at all, and with a structure like it, if the cannon is fired, the strong recoil will cause the gun car to be bounced and run away.

  Comprehensive surging news, Qilu Evening News, upstream news, etc.