China News Service, Guangzhou, May 22 (Cheng Jingwei Linyin) The 22nd is the 29th International Biodiversity Day. The reporter learned from the Guangdong Forestry Bureau on the same day that Guangdong is focusing on optimizing the spatial pattern of biodiversity conservation and implementing the protection of key species. Works to speed up the creation of Nanling National Park.

  As one of the provinces with the richest biodiversity in the country, Guangdong Province has rich and diverse wildlife resources.

According to the latest statistics, Guangdong recorded 1,018 species of terrestrial vertebrate wild animals and 6,658 species of higher plants, including 188 species of national key protected wild animals and 110 national key protected wild plants under the supervision of the forestry department.

Nanling (data map) Photo courtesy of Guangdong Forestry Bureau

  In recent years, rare animals have frequently appeared in Guangdong.

For example, the Neilingding Island-Futian National Nature Reserve in Guangdong has welcomed the black-faced spoonbill several times; the "world's most mysterious bird" Hainan tiger scorpion appeared in Nanling; 28 critically endangered birds were observed along the beach in Zhanjiang Spoon-billed Sandpiper; Chinese pangolins that once disappeared began to appear in Heyuan, Huizhou, Chaozhou and other places. Maoming also reported the activity track of Chinese pangolins for the first time in September last year.

  The improvement and restoration of habitat environment is considered to be an important condition for the improvement of biodiversity.

In recent years, Guangdong has comprehensively promoted the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body. At present, 1,361 nature reserves have been established. The integration and optimization of natural reserves in the province has been steadily advanced. The natural reserve system framework has been initially established, and the ecological protection pattern Further optimization provides unique living conditions for organisms.

Egret in Chebaling, Guangdong (data map) Photo by Mo Junxun

  At the same time, Guangdong has intensified efforts to protect animals and plants, revised and released the "Guangdong Province Key Protected Terrestrial Wildlife List", promoted the establishment of wildlife protection resource files, and focused on organizing and carrying out key species protection projects such as South China tiger, Chinese pangolin, and crocodile lizard. , implement the rescue and protection project of very small populations of wild plants such as sightseeing wood, fairy lake cycads, water pine, increase the in situ and ex situ protection of rare and endangered species, organize artificial breeding, wild training, return and other work, to ensure important ecological Systems, biological species and biological genetic resources are effectively protected.

South China Botanical Garden (data map) Photo courtesy of Guangdong Forestry Bureau

  At present, Guangdong is conducting a thorough investigation of the construction of the province's botanical gardens and fully supports the establishment of the national botanical gardens.

In addition, Guangdong has also focused on promoting the construction of the "one center and three bases" project for the conservation of rare and endangered plants, and has stepped up the revision of the "Guangdong Provincial List of Key Protected Wild Plants".