China News Service, Xining, April 2 (Li Jiangning and Guo Jing) On the 2nd, the reporter learned from the Qinghai Lake Scenic Area Protection and Utilization Administration that recently, the inspection and monitoring personnel of the Erlangjian Branch of the Qinghai Lake Scenic Area Administration discovered the first national one in the East Lake area. Class protected animal desert cat.
The desert cat is the only endemic cat species in China and is listed as an endangered (EN) species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Desert cats are rare in China. They are mainly active at night and in the early morning and dusk. They often avoid or use their protective colors to avoid being discovered by humans before they are discovered by humans. It is extremely difficult to observe and study, and the distribution density is low. Little is known about their life history. It is only distributed in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and surrounding provinces and regions, and inhabits dry grasslands, deserts, alpine meadows, alpine shrubs and other areas at an altitude of 2800 to 4000 meters. It can eliminate a large number of rodents and is beneficial to agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry.
The reporter learned that on March 31, the patrol and monitoring personnel found a rare animal during their daily inspection in the Hudong area of Qinghai Lake.
In order to ensure that he is not disturbed, the inspectors only took pictures of his back, with a black half ring at the end and long brown hair on the tip of his ears. After being identified by the staff of the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve Administration, it was determined to be a national first-class protection. Animals - desert cats.
Relevant staff of the Qinghai Lake Scenic Area Protection and Utilization Administration said that the discovery of desert cats this time fully shows that the ecological environment in the area is good and the food chain is sufficient. Strengthening ecological protection plays a vital role in maintaining biodiversity.
In recent years, the south bank of Qinghai Lake has increased ecological protection publicity, vigorously carried out comprehensive environmental improvement, and the surrounding ecological environment in Huanhu East Road area has continued to improve. The rate has increased year by year, and the overall ecological function has continued to increase, so that wild animals have been effectively protected, and the number of surrounding wild animal populations has also continued to increase.