It will be the new year from April 1st, but the prices of things that are familiar to us will continue to rise.
While raw material prices are soaring against the backdrop of the normalization of economic activities that have fallen due to the corona disaster, manufacturers have been moving to raise the prices of food and daily necessities one after another since April, further increasing the burden on households. Is also expected.
In addition, from April 1st of the new year, pensions, medical care, and work style systems will change.
We have summarized various price increase movements and changes in the system.
Of these, edible oil has been delivered by Nisshin Oillio Group, a major edible oil company, and J-Oil Mills on April 1 due to rising international transaction prices for soybeans and rapeseed, which are the raw materials. In both cases, we will raise the price per kilogram by 40 yen or more for both home and business use.
In addition, Kagome, a major food company, has received a rise in tomato import prices, and the shipping price of 125 items for household and commercial use, such as the main tomato ketchup and tomato puree, has been reduced by about 3% from the delivery on April 1. 9% increase from.
The price increase of tomato ketchup is the first in 7 years.
Cheese prices will rise as global demand grows.
The three major dairy companies will raise their suggested retail prices for household cheese from April 1st shipments.
▽ Meiji will raise the price of 20 items from 5.4% to 6.7%
▽ Megmilk Snow Brand will raise the price of 35 items from 4.3% to 10%
▽ Morinaga Milk Industry will raise the price of 24 items from 5.3% to 10.5%,
Drinking water / retort curry
In addition, Otsuka Foods will raise the prices of some of its drinking water and retort curry products from the delivery on April 1 due to soaring raw material prices and distribution costs.
Furthermore, the price of snack foods, which have been deferred for more than 40 years under the name of "Umaibo", will be increased by 2 yen from the previous 10 yen after the shipment on April 1.
It is said that this is because the purchase price of raw corn and oil has risen.
Starbucks, a major coffee chain in the food service industry, will raise the price of its main products such as coffee from about 10 yen to 55 yen from April 13.
Daily necessities (paper products, diapers)
On the other hand, the movement to raise prices is spreading for daily necessities.
Of these, for household paper products,
Nippon Paper Crecia will raise the price of ▽ tissue paper, ▽ toilet paper, and ▽ paper towels by 10% or more from the shipment on April 1.
Daio Paper has already raised the price by more than 15% from the shipment on March 22, and both companies say that the main factors are soaring fuel prices and rising distribution costs.
In addition, Kao, a major daily necessities company, will raise the price of some of its main products of disposable diapers for infants by about 10% from the shipment on April 1 due to soaring raw material prices.
Tire prices have risen one after another due to rising raw material prices,
and Bridgestone, the largest company, will raise the shipping price for passenger cars and motorcycles by 7% from April 1, and Yokohama Rubber will raise the shipping price to the maximum since April. We will raise the price by 9%.
In addition, Toyo Tires and Sumitomo Rubber Industries have already raised prices by March.
Concerns about price increases for flour and bread due to wheat price increases
Furthermore, it is expected that price increases will continue to spread in the future due to the effects of Russia's military invasion of Ukraine.
The government will raise the price of imported wheat to be sold to flour milling companies by more than 17% from April.
In addition to the poor harvest in North America, which is the main production area, the international price has risen further due to the tightening situation in Ukraine.
It is said that the flour milling company will actually revise the price of wheat flour in about three months in the past, and it is expected that the price of bread using flour will increase further.
In addition, some food manufacturers will raise the price of sweets such as chocolate and gummies in May in response to soaring crude oil prices and rising distribution costs, and in June some sauces and instant noodles. We have already decided to raise the price of noodles, and it seems that raising the price of various things that are familiar to our daily lives will put more pressure on the household budget in the new year as well.
Set "busy season" fares on JR East Shinkansen and limited express trains
From April 1st, JR East Shinkansen and limited express trains will have a new "busy season" fare, and the limited express fare for JR Kyushu will be increased by about 40%.
JR East has set the fare for reserved seats on the Shinkansen and limited express trains in three stages: normal season, busy season, and off-season, but from April 1st, the fare for the "busy season" will be newly added. Added.
The "busiest season" is for the year-end and New Year holidays, large holidays in spring, and the
. The Hokuriku Shinkansen of JR West is also included.
Compared to the normal season, the price difference was up to 400 yen due to an increase of 200 yen in the busy season and a decrease of 200 yen in the off-season. It spreads to 600 yen.
On the other hand, JR Kyushu has raised the express fare for conventional lines by about 40% on average from April 1st.
Limited express fare for non-reserved seats, applicable to all sections.
For example, the limited express fare for non-reserved seats, including the regular fare,
will increase by 790 yen from 4270 yen to 5060 yen between Hakata and Nagasaki, and will
increase by 880 yen from 5590 yen to 6470 yen between Oita and Miyazaki.
This is the first time that JR Kyushu has decided to raise the limited express fee since it was privatized 35 years ago, except for the one associated with the consumption tax hike.
Metropolitan Expressway raises the upper limit of the new rate system Discounts are also available at midnight
From April 1st of the new year, a new toll system will be introduced on the Metropolitan Expressway.
In some cases, the price may increase, such as the upper limit being raised to 1950 yen, which is 1.5 times the previous amount.
Currently, the Metropolitan Expressway sets tolls according to the mileage and sets an upper limit for each vehicle type.
However, with the current fare system, the longer you drive, the cheaper it will be, so many cars will go to their destination via the Metropolitan Expressway, avoiding the ring road and the Ken-O Expressway outside Tokyo, leading to traffic congestion in the city center. It means that it is.
For this reason, the Metropolitan Expressway will raise the maximum charge from the current 1320 yen to 1950 yen for ordinary cars with ETC from April 1, based on the report of the working group of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.
Under the new fare system, if the mileage exceeds 35.7 km, the fare will be higher than before, and if it exceeds 55 km, the maximum amount will be applied.
On the other hand, late-night discounts will also be introduced for ETC vehicles to encourage use from busy daytime to midnight when traffic is light.
Specifically, if you pass the entrance of the Metropolitan Expressway between midnight and 4 o'clock, the fare will be discounted by 20%.
In addition, the discount rate will be expanded for long-distance businesses such as trucks and taxis.
The Metropolitan Expressway says, "I would like you to understand how to alleviate traffic congestion. Please check the fare on the website in advance."
New system for renewable energy To reduce the burden on households
The government will start a new system from April 1st to reduce the additional burden paid by households to popularize renewable energy such as solar power.
A system called FIP aims to reduce the burden on the people by introducing a market principle to large-scale power generation companies.
Electric power generated from renewable energy is a mechanism called feed-in tariff = FIT, and major electric power companies are obliged to purchase it at a fixed price.
However, the cost of purchasing is borne by households and businesses in addition to the electricity bill, and the amount has increased more than 15 times in 10 years, which has become a problem.
For this reason, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry will introduce a new system called FIP from the new fiscal year tomorrow.
The target is a large-scale power generation facility of 1000 kW or more, which will be newly constructed, which is called mega solar in solar power.
These facilities will no longer be purchased at a fixed price like FIT.
The market principle is introduced to power generation companies, and it is required to secure sales destinations for electric power by themselves.
On the other hand, a certain amount of subsidy is provided by the national government in response to price fluctuations in the electricity market, and consideration is given to prevent the management of businesses from deteriorating.
The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry intends to reduce the current system, which has a heavy burden on the people, in the future, and to expand the introduction of renewable energy through free competition.
Pension payments and insurance premiums
The amount of public pension payments will be reduced by 0.4% from the previous year due to the lower wage level of the working generation.
This is the second consecutive year of the reduction.
The monthly payment is
▽ National pension received by self-employed people, which is 64,816 yen, a decrease of 259 yen from the previous year
. For households, it will be 219,593 yen, a decrease of 903 yen.
On the other hand, the national pension premium will decrease by 20 yen from the previous year to 16,590 yen per month.
Pension start age, can be deferred to 75 years old
The age at which the public pension can be freely selected between the ages of 60 and 70 will be reduced to 75 as the employment opportunities for the elderly expand.
If you receive your pension later than you are 65 years old, the amount of pension will increase by 0.7% for each month.
If you start receiving at the age of 75, you will receive an 84% increase compared to receiving at the age of 65.
On the other hand, if you receive it earlier than 65 years old, it decreased by 0.5% every month, but the decrease will be reduced by 0.4%.
If you start receiving at the age of 60, you will receive a 24% reduction compared to receiving at the age of 65.
In-service old-age pension is hard to decrease
There is a system to reduce the pension if there is a certain amount of income in the "employed old-age pension" that can be received while working after the age of 60, but the system was revised in response to the indication that the elderly are discouraged from working. it was done.
From the age of 60 to 64, the standard amount of income for which the pension is reduced has been raised from 280,000 yen per month to 470,000 yen.
For example, if a monthly pension of 100,000 yen and a wage of 260,000 yen are expected to generate a total income of 360,000 yen, the pension has been reduced by 40,000 yen, but from now on, the pension will be 100,000 yen. You can receive the full amount of yen.
"Pension notebook" abolished
The "pension book" issued to public pension members will be abolished.
When you join the pension for the first time, you will receive a new "Basic Pension Number Notification".
This is because information about pensions has already been managed as electronic data, and various notifications and applications can now be made using My Number.
Since the current "Pension Handbook" can be used as a document to confirm the basic pension number, the Japan Pension Service is calling for continued storage.
Expansion of infertility treatment insurance coverage
The coverage of public insurance for fertility treatment will be expanded.
▽ "Artificial fertilization" that injects sperm into the womb when it is easy to get pregnant ▽ "In
vitro fertilization" that collects and fertilizes sperm and eggs, and ▽
Microinsemination" that injects sperm into eggs using an injection needle
etc. It is newly applied.
Of these, "in vitro fertilization" and "intracytoplasmic sperm injection" require that the female age is under 43 years old at the start of treatment, and if the
female age is
under 40 years old, a maximum of 6 per child. Up to 3
◇ If you are between 40 and 43 years old, the
insurance will be applied up to 3 times.
The limit on the number of treatments does not include past treatment results such as treatment using the conventional subsidy system.
In addition, although the conventional subsidy system will be terminated, there is a transitional measure that covers the treatment that has already started only once.
Permanent online medical care
Following the spread of the new coronavirus infection, the online medical treatment from the first medical examination, which has been specially recognized, will be made permanent on the premise that it will be combined with face-to-face medical treatment based on the fact that the "family doctor" will perform it.
Male childcare leave
A new system will be launched to make it easier for men to take childcare leave.
In addition to creating an environment that makes it easy for companies to take childcare leave, if they receive a report of pregnancy or childbirth, they will confirm their intention to take it after individually disseminating the system, and the national benefits that can be received during childcare leave. It is obligatory to explain about money as well.
In addition, until now, fixed-term workers who have been employed for less than one year were not eligible for childcare leave, but the employer has made it clear that the contract will be terminated by the time the child is one and a half years old. If you do not, you will be able to take childcare leave.Keywords: