A Sumatran rhinoceros was born in Way Kambas National Park (Indonesia).
Rosa, the mother gave birth to a female on Thursday after having had eight miscarriages since 2005, when she was captured for a breeding program.
This birth "is excellent news in the context of the efforts made by the government and its partners to increase the population" of this species in serious danger of extinction, announced the Indonesian Ministry of the Environment.
The baby, who has not yet been baptized, brings the number of Sumatran rhinos in the Way Kambas reserve to eight.
🦏 In Indonesia, the birth of a Sumatran rhino is hope for the survival of this critically endangered species pic.twitter.com/JV8zZ8Dcm0
– BFMTV (@BFMTV) March 29, 2022
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Two species of rhinos in danger of extinction
Births in this species are very rare.
Andatu, the newborn's father, was the first rhino to be born on a reserve in more than 120 years.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) estimates that there are fewer than 80 Sumatran rhinos left in the world, mostly living on the island of Sumatra and Borneo.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Sumatran rhinoceros is a “critically endangered” species.
Its population has continued to decline due to habitat loss and hunting for the illegal trade in horns, used in particular in traditional Chinese medicine.
Indonesia is also fighting to save another endangered species: the Javan rhinoceros.
They were once thousands throughout Southeast Asia, as far as India and China.
There are less than 80 left today, mainly on the island of Java (Indonesia).
Conservation efforts for the species have yielded promising results with the birth of five cubs in 2021.
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