The Beersheba operation, which was carried out by a Palestinian Bedouin in the Negev desert, recalled the role of the 48 Palestinians in supporting the steadfastness of the Palestinian people in the face of the Israeli occupation, and adhering to the project of national liberation and the establishment of a Palestinian state on the borders of June 4, with East Jerusalem as its capital, as stipulated in the charters. and international resolutions.

The national liberation project in which the Palestinians of the 1948 believed was not just slogans and words, but was at the core of their national principles and creed, despite the Israeli authorities imposing military rule on them after the Nakba.

A protest stand in front of the Megiddo detention center for prisoners (Al-Jazeera)

long battle

The June 1967 war and Israel's occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai and Golan broke the barrier of fear for the Palestinians of the 48th to restore their communication and relations with the Palestinian environment and the environment.

Between political and social self-organization and fighting the battle for civil rights and confronting racism, discrimination and Israeli oppression, and fighting the battle of survival and steadfastness in the homeland and supporting the Palestinian people’s struggle for liberation and independence, hundreds of them paid the price of freedom and were thrown into Israeli prisons simply for solidarity with the Palestinian cause.

The Palestinians of the 48th fought a long battle in the face of the plans of successive Israeli governments aimed at uprooting and restricting them and pushing them to forced migration, as they paid the price of blood tax on Land Day and also by the bombing of the second Palestinian intifada in October 2000.

The old prisoners who participated in armed operations against soldiers of the Israeli army (Al-Jazeera)

Notable Operations

The following are the most prominent operations carried out by the resistance factions, as the presence and role of young men from the 48 Palestinians in the operations, especially the armed ones:

February 15, 1992: The Gilad camp operation, which resulted in the killing of 3 Israeli soldiers and wounding of 7 others, and the seizing of their weapons, was carried out by the captive Ibrahim Igbariya and his brother, the captive Muhammad, from the town of Mushairfa (Umm al-Fahm district).

He also participated in carrying out the operation, along with the two mentioned brothers, the prisoner Muhammad Jabarin from Umm al-Fahm, who was sentenced to life, and the prisoner Yahya Igbariya from Mushairfa, who is serving life imprisonment 3 times, in addition to 15 years.

2001: Lina Jerbouni was arrested from Araba Al-Batouf in the Galilee, and she was subjected to harsh detention in Al-Jalama detention center, in order to interrogate her at the time on her suspicions of joining the resistance in the ranks of the Islamic Jihad. She was convicted in an Israeli court and sentenced to 17 years in prison.

August 4, 2002: The Safed operation "Miron Junction" took place. Egged bus No. 361 left Haifa towards Safed and was full of Israeli soldiers on their way to the military bases. Meron.” The gunman blew himself up, and there were 50 passengers on the bus, most of them soldiers, and the operation resulted in the killing of 6 Jews and the wounding of 38 passengers of varying degrees.

Following the operation, the Israeli police arrested Yassin Bakri from the town of Al-Bana’a in the Galilee, and he and his cousin Ibrahim Bakri were convicted of transporting the perpetrator of the Safed attack, and they were sentenced to nine life sentences, in addition to 30 years.

October 4, 2003: An explosion in the Maxim restaurant in Haifa killed 21 Israelis, while 51 others were wounded.

The Haifa District Court sentenced Jamal Mahajna from Umm al-Fahm to 10 years in prison after convicting him of transporting Hanadi Jaradat, who carried out the operation.

- July 12, 2005: An explosion in the commercial complex building in the town of Netanya killed 4 Israelis and wounded 40 people.

- An Israeli court sentenced Seif Abdel Qader Azem from the city of Taybeh, and Abdel Abu Mokh from Baqa al-Gharbia, to 13 years in prison, after convicting them of transporting the perpetrator of the attack.

- October 26, 2005: A bomb attack was carried out in Hadera market, killing 6 Israelis and wounding 30 civilians.

- Haifa District Court sentenced Fikri Mansour, from the town of Gat, to 17 years in prison, after convicting him of transporting the perpetrator of the attack.

February 2005: The Tel Aviv District Court sentenced Ashraf Qaisi, from the city of Baqa al-Gharbiyye in the Triangle to 5 life imprisonment, to 20 years in prison, after he was convicted of transporting the perpetrator of the bombing attack that took place at the "Stage" nightclub in Tel Aviv, and the operation resulted in Five Israelis were killed and dozens were wounded, while the intensity of the explosion caused severe damage to the club and its surrounding buildings. He was also convicted of participating in resistance operations against the Israeli occupation.

October 12, 2015: A stabbing and stabbing operation was carried out in Gan Shmuel, near Hadera, injuring 4 Israelis of varying degrees, including the serious injury of an IDF soldier.

- 25 years in prison for the young man, Alaa Zayoud, from Umm al-Fahm, after being convicted of carrying out the operation.

- July 14, 2017: In the wake of an armed clash in the squares of the Temple Mount, an attack took place called "Operation Al-Aqsa", which resulted in the killing of two Israeli policemen and the death of the three perpetrators of the attack, residents of Umm al-Fahm: Muhammad Ahmad Jabarin, Muhammad Hamid Jabarin, and Muhammad Jabarin's favorite.

August 17, 2018: The martyrdom of the young Ahmed Mahamid from Umm al-Fahm, by Israeli occupation police, for allegedly trying to carry out a stabbing attack on a policeman as he was leaving Al-Aqsa Square through the Majlis Gate. Which led to his death instantly.

February 6, 2020: The martyrdom of the young man, Shadi Banna, from Haifa, for allegedly carrying out a shooting attack at the Lions Gate in Old Jerusalem. The operation resulted in the injury of one of the occupation soldiers, as he was chased by the occupation police, who shot him, which led to for his martyrdom.

March 22, 2022: The Beersheba operation resulted in the killing of 4 Israelis (a man and 3 women), and others were injured as a result of a stabbing and stabbing operation carried out in the city of Beersheba. He was shot by a bus driver.

The old prisoners of the Palestinians of the 48th

- More than 150 prisoners of the 48 Palestinians are still languishing in Israeli prisons, serving sentences ranging from 10 to 20 years, simply for supporting the Palestinian people's struggle. They were convicted on security charges, participating in the resistance and providing assistance to the Palestinian factions.

There are also the 14 former prisoners of the 48 Palestinians, the oldest of whom are Karim Younis and Maher Younis from the town of Arara - Ara in the Triangle, who have been detained since 1983, and most of them were detained prior to the signing of the Oslo Agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority in 1993.

Activities in Umm al-Fahm in support of the captive movement and demand the release of the old prisoners (Al-Jazeera)

- All the former prisoners participated in armed resistance operations against the Israeli occupation soldiers, and they were among the first generation of the Palestinians of the 48 who joined the armed Palestinian resistance inside in the early eighties of the last century.

- The Palestinian prisoners of the 48 - especially the old prisoners and their families as well - and at the behest of the Israeli political level and the various successive Israeli governments suffer from discrimination and double racist policies, as Tel Aviv excluded them from any exchange deals with the Palestinian resistance and prohibited their inclusion in the lists of those released from the prisoners under the pretext that they They hold Israeli citizenship.

A memorial mural at the entrance to the house of the Younes family, which yearns for the freedom of Karim and Maher (Al Jazeera)

At the top of the list of former prisoners is Karim Younis, nicknamed the "Dean of Palestinian Prisoners," who spent more than 40 years behind bars and is still under a life sentence for kidnapping and killing an Israeli soldier in January 1983.

A pose of support in front of Gilboa Prison, in support of the Dean of the prisoners, Karim Younis (Al Jazeera)

Besides him, his cousin Maher Younis has passed his 40th year in prison, and he is serving a life sentence on the same charge.

Adding to the list of old prisoners is Walid Daqqa from Baqa al-Gharbiyye, who has been detained in Israeli prisons since March 25, 1986, after being accused of capturing and killing Israeli soldier Moshe Tammam in 1984.

- Prisoner Daqqa carried out this operation with the prisoners Ibrahim Bayadsa and Ibrahim Abu Mokh, and Saleh Abu Mokh, who was released from captivity in April 2021 after spending 35 years in Israeli prisons.

The prisoner Ahmed Abu Jaber, a resident of Kafr Qassem, is sentenced to life and 10 years, and was arrested on July 8, 1986, after accusing him of killing an Israeli soldier and an agent of the occupation. He is married and has 3 children, the youngest of whom was a month old when he was arrested.