Some people commented that the "double reduction" policy, which has been in place for more than seven months, ended the intensifying competition for extra-curricular supplementary courses.

  The implementation of the "Double Reduction" policy most effectively curbed the frenzied expansion of off-campus training under the influence of capital and the spread of training anxiety.

According to data released by the Ministry of Education not long ago, as of now, the original 124,000 offline subject training institutions in the compulsory education stage have been reduced to 9,728, with a reduction rate of 92.14%; the original 263 online off-campus training institutions have also been reduced. Compressed to 34 pieces, the reduction rate is 87.07%.

  The central government's "double reduction" policy clearly states that it is necessary to "build a good education ecology" and "promote the all-round development and healthy growth of students".

When the phased goal of "double reduction" is completed, reconstructing a good education ecology will become the top priority of the implementation of "double reduction".

  How to "improve the quality and efficiency" of school education, whether parents' anxiety can really be alleviated, and how to build a good educational ecology have become the focus of the society, and also the focus of the deputies participating in the National Two Sessions.

  Whether the "double reduction" is implemented well or not depends on the timetable and school management must be restructured

  After students return to campus, what is the biggest test for the school?

  Certainly the quality of education in schools.

"Whether parents are at ease, whether students are willing or not, depends on whether the school can allow students to study well on campus." Luo Bin, principal of the Haidian District Teacher Training School in Beijing, said at a seminar, "It is necessary to meet the needs of students and parents. , schools must consider the supply structure and content structure of school education as a whole from the perspectives of national curriculum, after-school services, classroom learning and homework. The first thing to improve is the school's teaching management."

  School teaching management involves all aspects of school education and teaching. It seems macroscopic, but it is actually very specific. For example, the teaching plan will eventually be specific to a small class schedule.

  Many front-line principals have a similar view.

  "The key to the implementation of the 'double reduction' depends on the timetable." The principal of a well-known primary school in Haidian District, Beijing said that the school's timetable did not include the content after "3:30" in the afternoon, but after the "double reduction" have to re-plan.

  The principal's words seem simple, but the truth is not simple.

After the "double reduction", schools that want to "improve quality and efficiency" will face a series of deep-level changes from macro to micro.

  "Actually, after-school services do not exist in isolation. They do not simply add a time period for supervision, but are an integral part of the entire school education supply." Li Yi, spokesman for the Beijing Municipal Education Commission, told China Youth Daily China Youth Daily In an interview, a reporter from the Internet said that it is necessary to improve the suitability and pertinence of after-school services, and it must be organically connected and designed as a whole with the education and teaching content before 3 pm.

  This is a challenge for all schools.

  A grade leader of a middle school in Beijing said: "It used to be a simple matter of arranging class schedules, copying and pasting, and then adjusting individual teachers who have changed would be enough. Before half ', but also after '3:30', not only what courses the teacher teaches, but also what other specialties each teacher has, and at the same time taking into account the workload of each teacher..."

  "And the courses after '3:30' are not necessarily only offered in one grade, but students from several grades may be mixed together, which is mixed-age education." Luo Bin said.

  When students' learning in school must not only cross the boundaries of classes and grades, but even cross the boundaries of disciplines, schools must re-plan education and teaching, break the inertial thinking formed over the years, and reconstruct school management and teaching management. .

  As Li Shuqiang, a representative of the National People's Congress and the principal of Tianjiabing Middle School in Longchuan County, Heyuan City, Guangdong Province, said, this is a change in the way of educating people. Pursue how students can "learn enough and learn well" on campus, and at the same time let students with various needs "eat enough".

  Homework can no longer be the "most familiar stranger", school teaching and research must be restructured

  Homework is something that every primary and secondary school teacher has to face almost every day.

  However, in Luo Bin's view, homework has become the "most familiar stranger friend" of teachers over the years.

"Teachers have courseware for their lectures every day, but the 'homework' column is usually simple 'P15-P18', and some simply write 'homework a little' in the teaching design." Luo Bin said.

  A reporter from China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily found that the central government's "double reduction" policy clearly stated that functions such as homework diagnosis, consolidation, and learning situation analysis should be brought into play. Learning rules and basic tasks that reflect the orientation of quality education.

Encourage the arrangement of hierarchical, flexible and personalized operations, resolutely overcome mechanical and ineffective operations, and eliminate repetitive and punitive operations.

  In the top-level design of the "double subtraction" policy, homework is no longer simple repeated calculations, copying and writing, or even tactical questions, but part of the school's teaching and research.

  As Liu Xiya, deputy to the National People's Congress and principal of Xiejiawan School in Chongqing, said at the "Representative Channel" of the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress not long ago, "Every question and every teaching design provided to children has been carefully demonstrated, so that professional A solid school-based teaching and research has become an important lever between burden reduction and quality improvement.”

  At present, this "leverage" is still the weak link.

In some places and schools, there has also been a phenomenon of "going through the motions" of research assignments.

  "This winter vacation, the English teacher asked us to direct and shoot an advertisement. It can be related to the subject content or Chinese traditional culture. We all like this assignment. The students who have finished shooting will post it in the group to inspire each other. Some people will revise and shoot again." Dong Yiyi (pseudonym) of a middle school in Beijing said.

  Inspired by his classmates, Dong Yiyi shot two advertisements, one about Spring Festival folklore and the other a recommendation of a novel.

  "However, it's been so long since the school started, and the English class has been taught many times. The teacher has never mentioned this homework, and the video we handed in has been lost in the sea," Dong Yiyi said.

  In recent years, the reform of the high school entrance examination has made more and more schools aware of the cultivation of students' ability to use knowledge, and they have also tried to design some research assignments, but many teachers still only stay in the "homework assignment and it's over". In thinking, there is no awareness of analyzing academic conditions through homework. Over time, students will not pay attention to such homework, and some homework may even become a burden for parents.

  "Nowadays, practical and long-term homework is common," Luo Bin said. "It's hard to have long-term homework, but as a result, some teachers' corrections and feedback are not enough, and the results of homework are not used properly."

  This reflects a dislocation in the current school education reform: many schools have done a lot of research and exploration in the classroom teaching link, from focusing on teachers' "teaching" to students' "learning", but in the homework link "Teachers are still accustomed to repeated practice under the guidance of test-taking." said Mei Guoping, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of Jiangxi Normal University.

  Teachers are also aware of this problem.

  The China Institute of Education and Social Development of Beijing Normal University recently completed the national "double reduction" effect survey report, showing that nearly 50% of teachers have puzzles and difficulties in homework design, such as "insufficient homework materials and related resources" and "The ability to design hierarchical, flexible, and personalized operations is not strong", etc.

  Experts who participated in the survey said that to improve teachers' homework design ability, in addition to incorporating homework design into the local teaching and research system and teacher teaching and research planning, special training on homework design should also be carried out for teachers, and the smart education platforms of primary and secondary schools at all levels should be used to improve teachers' homework design. Gather and share high-quality homework resources to improve teachers' ability to stratify, design and evaluate individual homework.

  The growth of children is not a "KPI", and the concept of parents should also be reconstructed

  Schools are taking action, but some parents are still swaying.

  Liu Na is a real parent of the "double reduction" generation. After the "double reduction" policy was introduced, her daughter happened to be in the first grade of primary school.

  No homework, no exams, no rankings after exams...

  Watching her daughter's student career start happily, Liu Na, who has been "baptized" by exam-oriented education, is somewhat unaccustomed to it.

However, what really made Liu Na feel "heartbroken" was a "practice in the classroom".

  A total of 30 "practice" questions, and the child got 14 wrong.

"I feel like 'opening the blind box', I really don't know what kind of results she will get back one day." Liu Na said.

  Liu Na just waited so long. She was going to find a teacher for her daughter.

"In our daily work, the leader assigns tasks, and you know your KPI (a target-based quantitative management indicator for enterprises - reporter's note). With KPIs, we can work hard according to our goals." Liu Na said , "There are no homework, no exams, and no grades. Do I have to wait until the middle and high school entrance examinations?"

  Along with the anxiety of parents, some invisible mutation training classes are secretly growing.

  "We have a parent group for all grades that blocks teachers. A very important part of the group chat is 'saving classes'. Some parents have brought in teachers who used to be in extracurricular classes, and some parents even said that they could invite a certain class. An in-service teacher in a certain school." An unnamed parent told a reporter from China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily that parents are also very cautious about "saving classes" in the group, and often just send a simple message in the group Information, interested parents will quickly form a small group "private chat".

  Not long ago, the relevant person in charge of the off-campus education and training supervision department of the Ministry of Education introduced that there is indeed a situation in which off-campus training in disciplines has been transferred from "ground" to "underground". Invisible variants such as “study and study tours” exist in buildings and residential areas.

The Ministry of Education has made the governance of invisible mutations one of its key tasks. Last year, more than 2,200 training issues involving invisible mutations were found to be investigated and dealt with in various places. This year, a total of 1,042 people who conducted training in violation of regulations such as "one-on-one" were investigated and punished during the winter vacation.

  In fact, parents also want to change.

  "We found in our survey that 87.1% of parents are eager to improve their family education quality, and 82.5% of parents have encountered various difficulties in family education and hope to get guidance and help." Representative of the National People's Congress, Beijing Normal University China Zhang Zhiyong, executive dean of the Educational Policy Research Institute, said that family education must be comprehensively improved at present, because family education is the key to building a good educational ecology and educating people through the cooperation of home, school and society.

  Hu Wei, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPPCC Science and Technology Education Committee, believes that to change the concept of parents, the most important thing is for schools to reverse the original unscientific evaluation system. There must be a comprehensive evaluation of the five educations.

  On this basis, parents should be helped to reconstruct a "reference system" for evaluating their children.

  Hu Wei believes that the coordinate system when parents evaluate their children is based on the "neighborhood". A common saying is: "Look at the children of XXX's family". If the children of the neighbors make up three courses, they will The children also have to make up three doors.

  "Now we need to establish a long-term, vertical evaluation system, no longer compare with others, but with ourselves, to see if the child has grown this time compared with the last time, this is called intra-personal difference evaluation." Hu Wei said Only by constructing such a frame of reference can parents really focus on the growth of their children. Only in this way can the emphasis on "parents should accompany their children" can be realized. Otherwise, parents must focus on the strengths of other children's children. and the shortcomings of their own children.

  "Double reduction" is a conceptual change that begins with education but is not limited to education. The reconstruction of educational ecology relies not only on changing the concept of educational elements such as schools, teachers, parents, and students, but also on changing the concept of success in the whole society. .

As Hu Wei said: "There is not only one way for children to become talents. Only when all kinds of doors in the whole society are opened, so that students can be talented in every way. Only in this way can a good space and environment be created for education. Bringing our education back to what it really is."

  The reconstruction of education ecology by "double reduction" is still on the way.

  China Youth Daily, China Youth Daily reporter Fan Weichen Ye Yuting Source: China Youth Daily

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