Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, March 2 (Reporter Wei Mengjia) The 3rd is the World Wildlife Day.
The reporter learned from the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscaping that by the end of 2021, Beijing has built a total of 79 nature reserves, basically forming a natural reserve system with a scientific layout and a reasonable structure, enabling more than 90% of the city's key wildlife and their habitats to be protected. Effective protection has played an important role as a barrier for the ecological security of the capital.
It is understood that these 79 nature reserves include nature reserves, scenic spots, forest parks, wetland parks and geoparks, with a total area of 368,000 hectares, accounting for about 22% of the area of Beijing. The city's most essential natural ecosystem, the most abundant wildlife resources.
In recent years, in order to improve urban biodiversity, Beijing has continued to carry out a series of ecosystem restoration work, improving the quality of forests in mountainous areas, building large-scale ecological plates, and restoring wetland ecosystems.
Since 2017, Beijing has also built 56 urban forests with "near nature" characteristics in the central areas of Dongcheng, Xicheng, Chaoyang and other cities, creating a good environment for small wild animals in the city to inhabit and breed.
At the same time, Beijing has also combined key greening construction projects to create small wetlands and animal drinking areas by planting shrubs, food source plants and nectar source plants in areas with less human interference in plain areas, and build "Benjieshei" (artificial shrubs). It provides necessary habitat, food and water sources for wild animals to facilitate their better survival and reproduction.
According to the survey and observation results of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscaping, the species and number of wild animals and plants in Beijing have continued to increase in recent years.
There are 2088 species of vascular plants in the city, including 15 species of wild plants under national key protection; 596 species of terrestrial vertebrates, including 126 species of wild animals under national key protection.Keywords: