Beijing adds a new national cultural landmark
Recently, the China National Arts and Crafts Museum and the China Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum, which took nearly three years to build, were officially opened, filling the gaps in the national museums of Chinese arts and crafts and intangible cultural heritage.
The museum is located on the north extension of Beijing's central axis, adjacent to the National Stadium, the History Exhibition Hall of the Communist Party of China, the China Science and Technology Museum and many other large national-level venues.
The building area is more than 90,000 square meters, the plane is symmetrical about the central axis, and the facade is three-section.
The warm copper-colored curtain wall on the upper part of the building is shaped like a multi-treasure square box, implying that a large number of artistic treasures are treasured in the museum.
A cultural feast for the Winter Olympics
The opening exhibition "Treasures of China - China's Intangible Cultural Heritage and Arts and Crafts Exhibition" is an important part of the series of cultural activities for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics.
The exhibition is divided into eight sections, "Craftsmanship of a Great Country", "Ancient Voices", "Music Performances of Wanfang", "Silk Road Danqing", "Fashion Legends", "Borrowing Documents", "Shenzhou Welcomes Spring" and "Prosperity", with 1,298 pieces on display. (Set) Excellent works of arts and crafts and intangible cultural heritage, 80% of the exhibits are exhibited to the public for the first time, and most of the exhibits are the collections accumulated by the China National Academy of Arts over the past 70 years.
As important new cultural landmarks in the city of "Double Olympics", the China National Arts and Crafts Museum and the China Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum offer a cultural feast to the public and add luster to the Beijing Winter Olympics.
Walking into the central hall of the museum, the first thing you see is the Winter Olympics-themed installation landscape "From Altay to Beijing".
The installation is made of mirror stainless steel. The originality comes from the painted petroglyphs about 16,000 years ago in Altay, Xinjiang and the traditional ice sports in Beijing, showing the origin of skiing of ancient ancestors and the ice and snow culture of Beijing.
According to reports, China's ice and snow sports have a long history and rich historical records. From the "Sui Shu" more than 1,300 years ago to the "New Tang Book", and then to the Qing Dynasty "Ice Playing Picture" collected by the Palace Museum, there are records about ice and snow sports. .
Many ice and snow sports have been passed down to this day, and traditional ice kickball has become a representative project of intangible cultural heritage in Xicheng District, Beijing.
Great country craftsmen show superb craftsmanship
Chinese arts and crafts have a long history, rich and magnificent, and the "Craftsmanship of Great Powers" section shows many fine arts and crafts after the founding of New China.
In the exhibition hall, the emerald "Four National Treasures" are the most eye-catching, they are: Jade Mountain Son "Daiyue Wonders", Jade Huaxun "Hang Xiang Ju Rui", Jade Tie-beam Flower Basket "Fragrant Range Rover", Jade Interstitial "Si Hai Teng" joyous".
These four works, from the selection of the theme, the design of the form to the completion, took 8 years to cooperate with a consultant team composed of more than 40 craftsmen and dozens of experts and scholars. The precious raw materials and exquisite creations can be called national Treasures.
Jade Mountain Zi "Daiyue Wonders" is made of the largest piece of the four jadeite materials, 88 cm high and 368 kg net weight, in the shape of a triangular pyramid.
The works make full use of the characteristics of raw materials to express the majestic and spring scenery of Mount Tai.
In terms of craftsmanship, carvings, round carvings, and deep and shallow reliefs are used to reflect the layers of trees and small bridges; the medium and distant scenes are made of bas-relief and inscription to make them far-reaching.
On the back of the work, Du Fu's "Wang Yue" is engraved with iron wire seal script, filled with gold, simple and elegant.
Rich collections reflect the charm of intangible cultural heritage
China's intangible cultural heritage is rich in variety, and the "Treasures of China" exhibition selects a part of the content with cultural brilliance and artistic charm, which is easy to display and demonstrate.
The precious guqin and piano scores in the "Longguyin" exhibition hall, the rich and varied traditional musical instruments in the "Wanfang Music Play" exhibition hall, the copy works of classic murals in the "Silk Road Danqing" exhibition hall, the traditional opera costumes and scripts in the "Feng Mo Legend" exhibition hall Collections, etc., the lively and colorful New Year pictures in the exhibition hall of "Shenzhou Welcome Spring"... One by one intangible cultural heritage treasures feast the eyes of the audience.
Chinese calligraphy and Chinese seal carving are typical representatives of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and were selected into the representative list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2009.
The exhibition hall of "Borrowing Documents" displays the art of calligraphy and seal cutting and its cultural connotations through gold and stone seal cutting, seals, and rubbings.
100 Shoushan lithographs of different shapes are displayed in the showcase, and each side is engraved with the epigram of "The Analects of Confucius".
This batch of seal carving works is in the collection of the Chinese Academy of Arts. Their authors are consultants and researchers of the Seal Carving Institute in the early days of its establishment, as well as the most representative three generations of seal carvers at home and abroad, some of whom have passed away.
In the exhibition hall, you can also see ancient and modern seals such as "Collecting Ancient Seals", "Yin Tau" and "Xiling Bajia Seals", as well as precious gold and stone rubbings such as Xijiapan, Yanjia Temple Stele, Huifu Temple Stele, etc., which have academic value. and artistic value.
Combining movement and stillness to experience traditional culture
In the exhibition hall, visitors can scan the QR code on the exhibition board with their mobile phones to obtain knowledge of the exhibits and related research results.
In the "Wanfang Music Play" exhibition hall, in addition to viewing the exhibits, you can also wear headphones to listen to famous songs such as "Guangling San" and "Wen Wang Cao".
In the "Shenzhou Welcome Spring" exhibition hall, the animated short "Legend of New Year Pictures" played on the electronic screen made the characters and stories of the New Year pictures "live".
The "Treasures of China" exhibition combines static exhibits with dynamic intangible cultural heritage projects, allowing the audience to experience the charm of intangible cultural heritage through interaction, study and experience.
The multi-functional theater has a dynamic display area, and regularly conducts intangible cultural heritage project performances and lectures by experts and scholars.
There is a traditional stage in this area. On the opening day, the performance team of the Northern Kunqu Opera Theatre performed an excerpt from The Peony Pavilion here.
According to reports, a series of opera, music, folk performances and academic lectures will be held here in the future.
"We hope to create an experience space that integrates intangible cultural heritage display, education and training, and parent-child leisure, to display the vitality of intangible cultural heritage in multiple dimensions, and to guide the audience to experience intangible cultural heritage in person, so as to achieve the purpose of protecting and inheriting intangible cultural heritage." National Art Museum of China , said Li Yongkang, deputy director of the Exhibition Department of the China Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum.