张衡、李时珍、唐伯虎……

这些属虎名人出生那年发生了什么?

虎年说虎

  十二生肖,又叫属相,是中国与十二地支相配的十二种动物,包括鼠、牛、虎、兔、龙、蛇、马、羊、猴、鸡、狗、猪。十二生肖的起源与动物崇拜有关。据湖北云梦睡虎地和甘肃天水放马滩出土的秦简显示,先秦时期就有比较完整的生肖系统存在。最早记载与现代相同的十二生肖的文献,是东汉王充的《论衡》。

  虎在十二生肖中位居第三,在十二地支配属“寅”。历史上,有很多名人的生肖属虎,如东汉时期的天文学家张衡,明代医药学家李时珍,著名画家唐伯虎、文徵明等。在他们出生的那年或次年,又有哪些有趣故事呢?

张衡:公元78年出生次年

大事记:《白虎通义》面世

  张衡(78年-139年),字平子,生于汉章帝建初三年,农历戊寅年,属虎。他是东汉时期杰出的天文学家、数学家、发明家、地理学家、文学家。与西方国家相比,张衡发明的地动仪早了1700多年,对中国天文学、地理学的研究有着举足轻重的作用。

  汉章帝建初四年(79年),朝廷召集各地著名儒生于洛阳白虎观讨论五经异同,这就是历史上有名的白虎观会议。白虎观当时是朝廷修缮儒学之所。班固等人根据会议结果加以总结,写成《白虎通义》四卷。《白虎通义》继承了董仲舒以后今文经学神秘的唯心主义思想。它以神秘化了的阴阳、五行为基础,解释自然、社会、伦理、人生和日常生活的种种现象,对宋明理学的人性论产生了一定影响。

李时珍:公元1518年出生

同年大事记:首辆消防车建造

  李时珍(1518年7月3日-1593年),属虎,字东璧,晚年自号濒湖山人,湖北蕲州(今湖北省蕲春县蕲州镇)人,明代著名医药学家。

  Li Shizhen was born in a family of doctors and loved medicine since childhood.

At the age of 23, he studied medicine with his father, and his medical reputation has grown.

In the course of practicing medicine for decades and reading classical medical books, Li Shizhen discovered that there were many mistakes in the ancient book of Materia Medica, and decided to recompile a book of Materia Medica.

From the 31st year of Jiajing (1552) to the sixth year of Wanli (1578), Li Shizhen lasted 27 years. He edited his draft three times, and finally completed the "Compendium of Materia Medica" in 52 volumes with nearly 1.9 million words, which was compiled using "Musui Gangju" style, so it is named "Outline".

Volumes 5-52 are monographs, 1892 kinds of medicines are collected, and 1109 kinds of pictures are attached.

  Historically, 1518 saw few major events, among which the world's first recorded fire truck was built in Augsburg, Germany.

The car was built by metal craftsman Anthony Bratner.

Little is known about the details of the fire truck.

According to the book "Augsburg City Craft History", this fire truck was equipped with a large lever-operated water pump and pulled by horses.

Tang Bohu: born in 1470 AD

Memorabilia of the same year: Birth of friend Wen Zhengming

  Tang Yin (March 6, 1470 - January 7, 1524), courtesy name Bohu, small character Ziwei, no. County, Ming Dynasty famous painter, calligrapher, poet.

Tang Yin's name Yin is related to Yin Nian. It is said that he was born in Yin Year Yin Month Yin Day Yin Time, but the truth is that he was only born in Yin Nian, hence the name Tang Yin.

  In the history of painting, Tang Bohu and Shen Zhou, Wen Zhengming, Qiu Ying and others are collectively known as the "Four Masters of the Ming Dynasty".

Tang Bohu's life was bumpy, but it did not affect his literary achievements at all, not only in poetry and painting, but also in rhythm.

Its rhythm is mostly in the form of folk songs.

There are many film and television dramas that describe Tang Bohu, the most famous is Zhou Xingchi's "Tang Bohu Spots Autumn Fragrance".

However, Tang Yin never had any Qiuxiang in his life, and even because of his reputation as "the most romantic genius in the south of the Yangtze River", his third wife "Juniang" was actually considered his ninth wife.

Shen Jiuniang understands Tang Yin's talent and fully supports his life.

When there was a flood in Suzhou, Tang Yin's paintings were unsalable, and the family was so deprived that they couldn't even find firewood and rice.

  在唐寅出生的1470年,还有一位才子也出生了,他就是唐伯虎的好友文徵明。两人性格差别巨大。唐伯虎风流旷达,才气逼人;文徵明老实本分,为人严肃。谈起唐寅,文徵明在《简子畏》中说:“坐令端人疑阮籍,未宜文士目刘叉。”在文徵明看来,唐寅是像魏晋阮籍、唐代刘叉那样疏狂有才的人物。跟唐寅相比,文徵明像是一个“笨小孩”,但他却按照自己的节奏,踏实走好每一步,最终成为诗文书画无一不精的“四绝”全才,取得令人仰慕的艺术成就。

  1523 年,唐寅走完丰富、起伏的一生,而54岁的文徵明还在小步前行,仍没中第。嘉靖三十八年(1559年)二月二十日,已90岁高龄的文徵明为御史严杰的母亲写墓志。写到一半的时候,他搁下笔,端然坐正,走完一生。此时,与他同年出生的好友唐伯虎,已经离开人世36年了。

  封面新闻记者 周琴

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