助力防疫就地过年,职工加班工资、休假等话题再受关注。律师指出——

就地过年权益不“打折”,企业要善用集体协商

  本报记者 裴龙翔 钱培坚

  阅读提示

  春节就要到来,许多家在异地的职工选择留在工作地过年,尽可能减少人员流动,同时,他们也对加班工资、调休等话题更加关注。不少企业推出暖心举措,保障就地过年员工的合法权益,弥补员工不能回家的遗憾。

  “过年还回家吗?”春节临近,疫情反复之下,是留在当地还是返回老家过年成了许多职场人绕不开的话题。近期,上海一项调查显示,出于防疫要求、返岗时间等多方面考虑,已有相当比例在上海工作的职工选择了留沪过年。

  《工人日报》记者在采访中了解到,有了之前留沪过年的经验,选择不返乡的职工普遍对春节期间的权益维护更为看重。他们期待各级工会和企业拿出切实举措,温暖留守的自己。

  关注1 加班费和调休该怎么算?

  纠结再三,在上海工作的佳佳还是退掉了年前回东北老家的飞机票,“最新的规定是回家要隔离14天,这样春节期间都出不去了,想想就当作为家乡人民降低风险了”。

  往年的春节,值班、加班这些事都与佳佳无关,可今年没有了返乡的计划,企业给她在节假日里安排了一定的工作,这让佳佳有了疑惑:“春节期间,加班工资和调休该怎么算?”

  涉及加班工资、新年红包、补贴的咨询,上海市总工会法律顾问、上海七方律师事务所主任李华平连日来收到不少。对此他给出了详尽解答:按照劳动合同法的规定,实行标准工时制的用人单位,如果在法定节假日安排劳动者加班的,用人单位支付的加班工资应当不低于日工资基数或者小时工资基数的300%;休息日加班则是200%的加班工资。

  以上海地区最低工资标准每月2590元计算,折算到21.75天的上班时间,每个工作日的日薪为119.08元,那么正月初一至初三每日工资应为357.24元,除夕、初四至初六则为每日至少238.16元。

  "Workers should pay attention to the difference between welfare and rights and interests." Li Huaping specifically emphasized that the Spring Festival red envelopes, holiday fees, and various subsidies that enterprises give to local employees during the Spring Festival belong to welfare, and should not be confused with overtime wages during the Spring Festival.

  The reporter learned that during the Spring Festival this year, trade unions at all levels will urge enterprises to do a good job in paying wages and adjusting vacations in accordance with laws and regulations.

In the event of infringement of rights and interests, workers may seek help from trade union organizations at any time.

Taking Shanghai as an example, workers can make complaints to the 12351 hotline. If there is a major labor-management conflict, the labor relations coordinator and labor union lawyers will rush to the scene as soon as possible.

  Concern 2 How to negotiate whether to continue working during the Chinese New Year?

  Yao Gang, an employee of an auto parts factory in Shanghai, wanted to take advantage of this opportunity to work a few more days before and after the Spring Festival by not going back to his hometown during the Chinese New Year. "During the epidemic, the company was full of orders. Come down and earn more wages.”

  The person in charge of the company coincides with Yao Gang: "The company suffered some losses in the early stage of the epidemic. There are not many companies in the current supply chain that can guarantee the delivery date. Year, I hope to have a good rest during the Spring Festival.

  The situation of Yao Gang's company is not an isolated case.

How can the opinions of all parties be unified?

  In this regard, Li Huaping suggested that enterprises can use the collective negotiation platform to negotiate with employees about work break and start time, formulate staggered vacations and scheduled vacation plans according to production work conditions and employees' wishes, and adopt rotational shifts, comprehensive adjustments to use rest days, and annual vacations. and welfare leave arrangements.

  "In terms of specific operations, the enterprise should issue a collective negotiation notice to all employees to inform all employees of the production and operation of the enterprise, so that employees can understand the difficulties of the enterprise and understand the practices of the enterprise." Li Huaping said that the response measures the enterprise intends to take should be Reflect the general demands and aspirations of employees, try to take care of the legitimate labor rights and personal feelings of employees, and understand and respect the legitimate interests and demands of employees.

At the same time, the enterprise shall publicize and inform all employees of the final negotiation meeting minutes confirmed by the representatives of the collective negotiation of both parties and voted by employee representatives or all employees to all employees through email, internal OA, WeChat work group, etc. Save or record the work accordingly.

  According to the relevant person in charge of the Shanghai Federation of Trade Unions, in order to improve the efficiency of collective negotiation, enterprises and employees should elect their respective collective negotiation representatives and employees as soon as possible in accordance with the relevant requirements of the "Regulations on Collective Contracts of Shanghai" and the "Regulations of the Shanghai Workers' Congress". The chief representative, the representatives of both parties conduct consultations on collective consultation issues.

  关注3 留守员工期待哪些暖心福利?

  不在家乡过年,如何把这个最重要的节日过得更有仪式感?

  “最好食堂别关门,让大家吃上热菜热饭和丰盛的年夜饭”“宿舍确保水电煤空调正常运转,平时有的清洁打扫服务也能在春节期间继续保持”“开放单位或社区娱乐设施,例如阅览室、乒乓球室、健身房等,让过年不孤单”“适当安排加班,让职工增加点收入”……采访中,留沪过年的职工七嘴八舌说着自己对过年的设想。

  记者了解到,今年元旦、春节期间,上海市总工会将重点做好十项工作,在为职工群众提升生活品质送服务的基础上,做好维权服务送保障。

  在法律服务方面,上海市总工会会同该市司法局、律师协会共同开展“尊法守法 携手筑梦”服务农民工公益法律服务行动,重点面向以农民工为主体的新就业形态劳动者,聚焦拖欠劳动报酬等涉及农民工劳动保障权益的问题,组织引导社会律师、社会工作者和志愿者,广泛参与公益法律服务行动,更好维护劳动者的合法权益。

  同时,沪上许多企业积极回应职工诉求,准备了丰富多彩的节日活动,让留沪过年一样精彩。

  地处上海嘉定工业区的盈达空调公司今年不仅提前发放年终奖,还对留沪员工额外派发红包。节日期间的安排丰富多彩,既有线上拜年、除夕夜包饺子线上评比,也有劳动技能的线上培训。最让职工心里踏实的是,企业对在沪职工子女统一看护并安排高学历员工进行辅导。员工梁世志激动地说:“企业让我们感受到了在‘嘉’过年的暖意!”京东物流华东分公司也推出春节系列关爱活动,包括优秀员工慰问、装扮最有年味的“家”和开年送好礼活动等,营造浓浓的春节氛围。

  “留沪过年,年味不‘打折’,权益同样不能‘打折’。‘娘家人’会全力守护每位职工的幸福。”一位工会的负责人这样表示。

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