Building an Attractive National Knowledge Resource Database

  ——Experts talk about how to get out of the dilemma of knowledge sharing by CNKI

  The scholar wins the CNKI case, causing a thousand waves in the academic circle.

  From paying attention to the case itself, to discussing the relationship between responsibilities and rights among authors, journals, and database platforms, this newspaper has made continuous reports on it.

Today, with the explosion of information and more and more developed technical means, knowledge sharing is facing a "dilemma": the payment of high-level academic resources is too high, and the quality of free resources is too low.

In this regard, many experts suggested that the government should lead the construction of a national knowledge resource database to solve the problem of blocking knowledge sharing.

  What problems should be paid attention to in the construction of national knowledge resources database, and what experiences can be used for reference?

How to increase the attractiveness of open access knowledge sharing model?

It has become a hot topic in academic circles.

Journal articles are also national resources

  Some people accept CNKI's indemnity, apology and partial price reduction, but some scholars believe that in the era of knowledge sharing, academic literature has been shelved by enterprise platforms and become expensive commodities, which is the opposite of the information age.

  Liu Chuang, deputy director of the Academic Journal Center of the Institute of Geographical Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the editorial department of the Journal of Global Change Data (Chinese and English), said: "The various problems exposed by CNKI remind us that it is time to make up our minds to build a journal with academic papers as important content. National knowledge resource database and sharing platform."

  This predicament has occurred before.

  "Since the 1990s, my country's scientific and technological community has concentrated on solving two strategic problems: first, scientific data is a national strategic resource, and the country should manage it; Taking the path of public welfare? In the end, we chose the path of public welfare sharing of scientific data." Liu Chuang introduced.

  In 2002, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance and other departments intervened and began to build a platform for basic scientific and technological conditions. All data in scientific research projects were submitted by scientific researchers to promote the open sharing of scientific data in an orderly manner.

  Up to now, my country has built 20 national scientific data centers, including the National High Energy Physics Science Data Center and the National Earth System Science Data Center.

  "Scientific research results include scientific research data and scientific research papers. If scientific research data needs to be collected and protected, then journal papers are not only the main body of knowledge dissemination, but also a national resource." Liu Chuang said.

  Fan Yongkun, an associate professor at Northeast Normal University, observed that primary and secondary school teachers who wanted to do research encountered the embarrassment of not having permission to download papers. "Most primary and secondary schools have not purchased CNKI services."

  "Just like the government builds roads, parks and libraries, everyone can enjoy non-competitive, non-exclusive, non-profit basic public services." Fan Yongkun said, "Document service and management should not be overly centralized, the national knowledge resource database The establishment of the database can avoid the dominance of some databases and promote the popularization and sharing of resources.”

  Find a balance between public welfare and business

  Currently, the U.S. Library of Congress website is free to anyone of any age, and researchers can search and download materials.

  Fan Yongkun said: "Some domestic universities or scientific research institutions have received government funding, but many scientific research papers lack formal channels for free download."

  "Database construction requires sufficient patience. Even if the government leads the construction of the database, it is very difficult to establish all the system-wide data content in a short period of time." Fan Yongkun once participated in the database construction of the China Professional Degree Case Center of the Ministry of Education .

"Behind a competitive database, there must be strong technology, management team and capital investment. This is the basic premise and the reason for the rapid development of CNKI," he said.

  At present, many databases have their own characteristics or advantages. The digital platform for the collection of books can find the electronic version of most of the library's books. The New Oriental Multimedia Learning Library is suitable for those who go abroad to learn English.

How should the national knowledge resource database be positioned?

  "Pay attention to distinguishing between basic services and special services." Fan Yongkun believes that basic service functions should be available to all users, and solve users' public, basic and inclusive needs for document query and download, and should be free, convenient, and affordable. Equal features.

  For the special needs of some users, such as the dissertation check service, personalized literature analysis, etc., "a certain service fee can be charged according to regulations."

Fan Yongkun said: "The national knowledge resource database must also have an open market awareness. It cannot be 'abandoning food because of choking' because of charges, nor can it be 'taken for granted' for free."

  Rui Jianjiang, a professor at the School of Information Management of a "double first-class" university in the east, believes that due to the lack of commercial competition and market driving, the supply of public knowledge products is prone to "overfilling", resulting in problems such as flooding of low quality, lack of supervision and service delays.

  In the past, during the construction of some public knowledge data platforms, there have been some "indiscriminate libraries" and "dumb libraries" with low quality, poor service and low utilization rate.

Rui Jianjiang said: "We need to take similar infrastructure pricing measures, form a filing and price control plan, and find a good balance between public welfare and commerciality."

Dominated by open access, tolerates paid usage




















  (本报记者 陈鹏)