How to control the "bear child"?

How to pay attention to the mental health of "good children"?

  Keep your baby away from these bad behaviors during the winter vacation

  Our reporter Zhou Qian

  During the winter vacation, how to control the "bear child"?

How to pay attention to the mental health of "good children"?

This has become a topic of greatest concern to parents.

  Recently, the Juvenile Court of the People's Court of Haidian District, Beijing released the "Picture Book of Typical Juvenile Court Cases - Prevention of "Bad Behavior", which truly recorded the qualitative change of minors from initial bad behavior to criminal behavior.

The reporter found that improper tutoring is an important incentive for minors to behave badly.

The reporter sorted out several typical cases, and provided parents with thoughts on educating children from the perspective of juvenile judges.

  Smoking and drinking - "drinking makes one's mind faint".

  Zhuangzhuang's parents are businessmen and have many friends. During New Years and festivals, they will invite friends to have dinner together, and they will inevitably have to drink.

Influenced by his parents, Zhuangzhuang has a lively and outgoing personality, and likes to make friends. He often invites his classmates to go out to party on weekends, and sometimes drinks to help his fun.

Once, at a good friend's birthday party, Zhuang Zhuang drank a lot of wine. To vent his anger for his friend, Zhuang Zhuang and Xiao Lin had a fierce verbal dispute.

Zhuangzhuang ignored the pull of his classmates and punched and kicked Xiaolin, causing Xiaolin to be injured. It was identified as a minor injury.

After the incident, Zhuangzhuang's parents apologized to Xiaolin and compensated Xiaolin for economic losses totaling more than 100,000 yuan. Xiaolin expressed his understanding for Zhuangzhuang's behavior.

  After a court trial, Zhuang Zhuang beat others after drinking, causing minor injuries or above, and his behavior has constituted the crime of intentional injury.

In view of the fact that Zhuang Zhuang was under the age of 18 when he committed the crime, he has surrendered himself, has a good attitude of confession and repentance, and can actively compensate the victim for his losses and obtain the victim's forgiveness.

Final verdict: Zhuang Zhuang constituted the crime of intentional injury and was sentenced to seven months in prison, suspended for one year.

  During the trial, Zhuangzhuang told the judge that he regretted it very much now and wanted to sincerely apologize to Xiaolin.

Before that, he always thought that drinking was nothing, and it was not a crime. Adults often drink, so why can't he drink?

But now that I think about it, drinking alcohol can lead to reduced self-control, easy mistakes, and may have irreversible consequences.

  The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law lists "smoking and drinking" as the first bad behavior.

Zhang Ying, the judge of the Juvenile Court of Haidian Court, said that Zhuangzhuang in this case deliberately hurt others' bodies by drinking alcohol, and finally made a big mistake.

Zhang Ying warned the students not to mistakenly think that smoking and drinking are mature and handsome expressions, and do not imitate others' exposure to tobacco and alcohol because of curiosity; at the same time, they should strengthen their studies and enhance their ability to distinguish right from wrong and self-control.

  旷课逃学——留守儿童连环偷盗

  15岁的建建上初三,父母在外地打工,建建和爷爷奶奶一起生活,家庭比较贫困。不爱学习的建建经常逃课去县城网吧打游戏,因为手头拮据,还去镇上的小卖部偷钱。东窗事发后,爷爷狠狠地教训了他。

  事后,建建赌气偷拿了家里的钱跟同村的一个年轻人坐火车来到北京。起初,建建帮人送过外卖、快递,因为比较辛苦,干了不到一个月,建建便辞职去了一家火锅店当服务员。刚入职的第二天,建建听同住的一个小伙子说店老板会克扣工资,心里就开始打退堂鼓。第三天夜里,建建撬开店内收银台的抽屉,拿走了3000多元现金,还有一条中华烟。天亮后,建建买票逃回了老家。

  经法院审理,建建旷课逃学后发生的犯罪行为构成盗窃罪。鉴于建建犯罪时未满18周岁,案发后认罪、悔罪态度较好,依法对其从轻处罚。最终判决:建建犯盗窃罪,判处有期徒刑六个月,罚金人民币3000元。

  在案件审理期间,建建告诉法官,他很后悔当初的行为。一是他的行为涉及犯罪,这是人生的一个污点。虽然他之前也有盗窃的行为,但那次并没有受到处罚,而这次盗窃发生在他年满16周岁后,凭着侥幸的心理,当时他以为这次也不会被追究,但被抓回北京后才知道自己的行为构成犯罪。二是他没有拿到毕业证,因为学历低,到社会上找工作也受限。要不是因为逃课不上学,也不会落到现在的处境。

  “旷课、逃学”是未成年人不良行为的一种,也是学生对自身受教育权的不尊重和不负责。曹晓颖法官在审判实践中发现,部分失足少年身上的违法犯罪行为正是在旷课逃学期间、处于学校和家长失管的状态下实施的。因此,家长和学校要加强联系和沟通,一旦发现学生有旷课逃学行为,一定要及时制止。另外,作为未成年人自身,也要清楚地认识到,教育是人生成长的基石。青少年时期是学习的黄金期,一定要沉下心来努力学习,切不可因为旷课逃学而“老大徒伤悲”甚至走上犯罪道路。

  离家出走——学霸的错误冲动

  佳佳在学校是学霸级的人物,不仅成绩优异,同学关系也很好。距离高考越来越近,因父母给佳佳的压力过大,佳佳冒出一个疯狂的想法:晚上11点,佳佳拿着一把水果刀溜出家门。在夜色里进入离家最近的一所大学,抢劫了一名男同学。还没跑出学校,佳佳就被几名保安拦下了。在被扭送公安机关后,佳佳因抢劫行为被采取了刑事强制措施,收押在看守所。经检察机关审查后,佳佳因涉嫌犯抢劫罪,被提起公诉。

  经法院审理,佳佳离家出走后的犯罪行为构成抢劫罪。鉴于佳佳犯罪时是未满18周岁的未成年人,依法应当从轻或者减轻处罚;同时,考虑佳佳在案发后的认罪、悔罪态度良好,并取得被害人谅解;所在学校为佳佳出具了一贯表现良好的证明等情节,法庭最终判决:佳佳犯抢劫罪,判处有期徒刑三年,缓刑五年,并处罚金人民币500元。

  在案件审理期间,佳佳告诉法官,当听到妈妈说“考不好就没人养”的时候,他非常气愤,他认为妈妈根本不了解自己,自己看的是时事新闻,不仅不会影响学习,还对提高自己的信息量和分析能力有帮助。而在妈妈看来,他除了看书学习,做什么都是错的。既然什么都错,那就让妈妈看看“错,也能活着,也不要别人养着”。实施抢劫的时候,他非常害怕,被保安摁倒在地的时候几乎窒息。当公安人员告诉他抢劫可以判十年的时候,他的脑子已是一片空白。

  法官王丽娟表示,通过佳佳的经历,希望孩子们了解,自力更生也是需要一个学习的过程。“离家出走”已经被列入了未成年人的不良行为,当小小的脑子里产生这个可怕的念头时,也可以用法律的武器来打消邪念。

  在我国对未成年人特殊、优先保护的原则下,结合佳佳案件的具体情况,他被判处缓刑后,回到校园,完成高考,进入大学学习。

  (文中未成年人均采用化名)

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