How to call 120 in an emergency?

How to use the AED?

You can do first aid too!

  Today is January 20, exactly the same as the 120 emergency call.

In the past few days, various localities have carried out various forms of first aid popularization activities, advocating the establishment of "National First Aid Day".

Now let's focus on the topic of first aid.

How to call 120 in an emergency?

  When a sudden illness or accidental injury occurs, people's first reaction is to call the 120 emergency number.

How to call 120 in an emergency?

What do we need to do while we wait for rescue?

Come and listen to the introduction of experts from Beijing Emergency Center.

  Liu Hongmei, deputy director of the Beijing Emergency Center: Whether it is at home or in a public place, if a critical illness occurs, after calling 120, we need to quickly talk about three issues. The first is the specific location, the more specific the better; the second, It is your main current injury symptoms or parts; third, your contact information.

  Try to remain calm when calling 120.

When communicating with the dispatcher, briefly explain the main illness or injury, such as chest pain, coma, fall, fall from height, car accident injury, etc.

When the location of the incident is indoors, the address needs to be specific to the house number; when the location of the incident is outdoors, it is necessary to provide obvious geographical indications that can be referenced around, such as stations, gas stations, etc.

The caller must not hang up in the middle of the phone so that the dispatcher can guide the rescue before the ambulance arrives.

  Liu Hongmei, Deputy Director of Beijing Emergency Center: After dialing the emergency call, our dispatch doctor will dispatch a nearby capable ambulance based on some symptoms you described. For some symptoms, ask for specific questions.

For some critically ill patients such as cardiac arrest, CPR may be instructed to the next caller.

  While waiting for the ambulance, prepare the patient's medical record, medical insurance card, ID card, personal clothing, etc.

If the patient is poisoned by drugs, it is necessary to bring suspicious drugs with them.

Pay attention to informing the property in advance, coordinating the entry and exit routes of vehicles, and clearing the passage for transporting patients.

How to use the AED?

  Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can restore the beating heart of a sudden arrest, but it cannot stop ventricular fibrillation.

Using an automated external defibrillator, also known as an AED, restores the heart to a normal rhythm.

In recent years, many cities in my country have begun to install AEDs in public places.

Let's learn more about how to use AEDs in an emergency.

  If the patient is found to be in cardiac arrest, if the AED cannot be found in a short time, cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be performed first, and others will find the AED.

After turning on the AED power switch, there are voice prompts.

According to the voice prompt, untie the patient's shirt, tear off the "electrode", and stick it on the patient's chest as shown in the figure.

Insert the lead of the "electrode" into the AED host, and the host will automatically analyze it.

Do not touch the patient during the analysis process of the host. If the situation that can be electric shock is analyzed, the machine will automatically charge.

After charging is completed, the voice will prompt to press the "shock" button to complete the shock, and do not touch the patient during the process.

Immediately after the first shock, CPR begins without removing the electrodes.

Every 2 minutes the AED unit will automatically analyze again and again suggest a shock if necessary.

Note that in the process of rescuing the patient, you don't have to worry about the wrong judgment and "electricity" the wrong person, AED will automatically analyze, if the heart rhythm does not meet the electric shock index, the host will not charge, and the voice will not let you "electrical shock".

Build green channels in various places to improve rescue efficiency

  In the past, 120 pre-hospital emergency and in-hospital emergency in many places were two relatively independent systems, and the information could not be exchanged, which often delayed the emergency time.

  In recent years, green channels have been built in various places to improve the efficiency of pre-hospital first aid and hospitalization.

  The emergency center in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province uses digital means to advance the process of card establishment, registration, and condition information entry, which can only be carried out after the patient arrives at the hospital, to the ambulance.

  Zhao Meili, an emergency doctor at 120 in Huzhou City: Remotely transmit the patient's personal information and condition to the hospital in advance, and inform the hospital so that they can be triaged in advance, and it also saves the time for patients to register.

  After the emergency doctor completes the injury assessment and the collection of vital signs in the ambulance, he can print a green wristband printed with the patient's name, clinic number and ID number and wear it on the patient's hand, enabling the patient to get on the ambulance. After completing the registration, you can receive treatment as soon as you arrive at the hospital.

  For heart attack patients, time is life.

In recent years, medical institutions in various places have begun to establish chest pain centers to open up green channels for pre-hospital emergency and in-hospital emergency.

Beijing Chaoyang Hospital cooperated with 120 to jointly set up the "Regional Collaborative Chest Pain Rescue Network", which connected the pre-hospital emergency network with the chest pain center in the hospital, and started preoperative preparation and drug intervention in the ambulance.

  Su Pixiong, Director of the Heart Center of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University: When the patient's first call reaches 120, the emergency doctor will be in touch with the hospital's chest pain center. Through the transmission of the electrocardiogram and inquiries about the medical history, you can First aid in the ambulance.