Chinanews client, Beijing, January 19 (Peng Ningling) Recently, an article called "Our Genius Son" swiped the Internet.

In the article, a father told that his son Jin Xiaoyu, who suffered from manic depression, translated 22 books in ten years, and was a "genius" translator.

  The story of Jin Xiaoyu and his family has sparked heated discussions among netizens. At the same time, Jin Xiaoyu's bipolar disorder has also sparked discussions.

What is bipolar disorder?

How does it perform?

What factors predispose to bipolar disorder?

Is there any scientific basis for the claim that "manic depression is multi-talented"?

How talented is manic depression?

The Misunderstood "Genius Disease"

  When it comes to bipolar disorder, some people call it "genius disease", and some netizens even say that in human history, many geniuses in different fields are patients with bipolar disorder.

  According to the story in "Our Genius Son", Jin Xiaoyu suddenly got tired of studying in high school, his mood changed drastically, and he smashed the electrical appliances in the house over and over. Jin Xiaoyu's mother even asked desperately, "Is he crazy?" Jin Xiaoyu's father Said that taking the child to several hospitals to see a doctor, they were all diagnosed with manic depression.

"Xiaoyu doesn't go to school, is depressed, doesn't sleep at night, and even commits suicide. These are all in the period of depression; unfounded suspicion and accusations of others, manic restlessness, and destructive behavior have turned into a period of mania."

  Wang Dong, deputy chief physician of the Clinical Psychology Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, explained to Chinanews that the scientific name of bipolar disorder is bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a manifestation of people entering mania and depression, and it belongs to a mental illness.

  According to reports, bipolar disorder is different from the depression that frequently enters people's field of vision today.

"Depression may only manifest as depression, while bipolar disorder manifests as mania for a period of time and depression for a period of time. This is the essential difference between the two."

  Wang Dong pointed out that depression in bipolar disorder is generally manifested as the "three lows" symptoms of slow thinking, low mood, and reduced activity, such as low mood, feeling that life is meaningless, and other low self-evaluation conditions, and may even have suicidal thoughts.

Mania is manifested as the "three highs" symptoms of rushing thinking, high emotions, and increased activity.

  For example, when a patient is in a manic state, sometimes the brain activity is faster, and he feels that he is smarter and his mood is higher, accompanied by some exaggerated delusions, that he can do a great job, etc.

As a result, people with bipolar disorder can sometimes feel emotional and energetic.

"But it might not last forever, it might be mania today, and it might be depression tomorrow."

  Regarding "manic depression and many talents", experts said that from the perspective of big data, the social ability and IQ of most people suffering from mental illness are lower than the level of normal people. Therefore, "manic depression is more talented". The claim is unfounded.

  "When a patient has a manic episode, perhaps his behavior or even IQ will have some supernormal performance, some people appear to be more energetic, smarter, and more powerful than normal people, and some people may have music, painting, and writing talents. But this is only a special case." Wang Dong said.

What factors are likely to cause bipolar disorder?

  Jin Xiaoyu's story has made many netizens wonder what factors will cause Xiaoyu's onset, and whether there are population characteristics such as family, age, and gender.

  Wang Dong introduced that at present, the incidence of bipolar disorder is about 0.3%, and the patients include men and women in their teens to 50s and 60s, and there is no difference between gender and age in their onset.

  Regarding the factors that easily lead to bipolar disorder, experts said that the specific pathogenesis of bipolar disorder is not clear at present.

It is generally believed that mania is related to genetic factors, that is, families with a history of this disease are more likely to have manic depression in their offspring.

  Second, innate brain development may also have an impact.

"For example, when a sperm combines with an egg, it may introduce abnormalities in the mother's womb or brain structure during development, thereby affecting the child's development." At the same time, Wang Dong pointed out that there is no clear conclusion on this.

  Wang Dong also said that in terms of social psychology, the patient's growth environment, such as family education, school education, such as childhood abuse or trauma, and even personal characteristics, may have a certain relationship with bipolar disorder.

Can bipolar disorder be prevented and cured?

  "At present, there is no good way to prevent bipolar disorder, but we can try to change it." Wang Dong, for example, if you are a patient with personality defects, or you are used to seeing the world in a negative light, you may make some changes in your personality. , will help.

  "The best way is to seek medical attention in a timely manner. For example, patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder after medical treatment should be treated with drugs to achieve clinical recovery."

  Experts remind that the recurrence rate of bipolar disorder is high.

"It is impossible to achieve a complete clinical cure for any kind of mental illness, only basic relief of symptoms can be achieved, and one must calm down."

  Wang Dong emphasized that most mentally ill patients are still in a state of being "cared for" or even marginalized, such as deliberately exaggerating "genius disease", which may mislead the public and is not conducive to the living environment of patients.

Experts suggest that the disease should be viewed scientifically, the damage to social functions of such patients should be reduced, and they should be integrated into society as much as possible.

  Recently, some media walked into Jin Xiaoyu's family. When interviewed by reporters, Xiaoyu felt that he was "not a genius, but a 'painter'", because translation is like drawing, the closer the description, the better.

Xiaoyu hopes to finish the translation of his second Benjamin book, The Arcade Project, before his father turns 88, before taking a break from work to start learning Spanish.

He said he was not a genius and needed to work hard.