"The first element on which we must put resources is the protection of the oceans", supports the deputy of the Arcachon basin Sophie Panonacle (LREM).
The elected asks that we accelerate in "research on new fuels, whether for pleasure boating, small professionals, and cargo ships.
Director General of the Tara Océan Foundation, Romain Troublé recalls for his part that the ocean offers "an alternative to energy production, whether with the force of currents, swells and wind power at sea."
The protection of water and oceans will be the central theme of the fourth edition of the World Impact Summit, an international summit of solutions for the planet, which takes place in Bordeaux on Thursday and Friday. Initiated by the crowdfunding platform Solylend, the event brings together several hundred professionals for two days.
"The ocean is at the heart of global warming, and the first element on which we must put resources is the protection of the oceans" supports Sophie Panonacle, Member of Parliament (LREM) for the Arcachon basin and president of the Council office national sea and coastline.
She will participate in the round table on the opportunities offered by the blue economy in the adaptation and mitigation of climate change.
"The ocean is the last receptacle, it is it which has absorbed 97% of the heat emitted for two hundred years, analysis for his part Romain Troublé, general manager of the Tara Ocean Foundation.
And this warming, however small, disrupts ecosystems.
"Accelerate research on new fuels"
Among other consequences, there is a “migration of species”. "Some that we found in Brittany now go back to Norway," continues Romain Troublé. We also see more dolphins on our coasts than at one time. We need to better understand this migration, to better inform fishermen and limit accidental catches. There is still an important work to be done on the knowledge of the impacts of the dynamics of these ecosystems, and the improvement of the dialogue between fishermen, scientists, and NGOs. "
Sophie Panonacle will discuss the decarbonisation of maritime transport. "Professionals in these sectors are making efforts to participate in the decarbonisation of the blue economy," LREM deputy insists. But we must support them more, and accelerate research on new fuels, whether for pleasure boating, small professionals, and freighters. We are seeing the development of marine LNG [liquefied natural gas], which is a transitional solution, and there is a lot of work being done around hydrogen, which will be the solution of tomorrow. And there is also a niche, it is the propulsion vélique [by the wind]. We are not going to set sails on all the cargo ships of course, but the auxiliary sail, with kite sails for example,could allow container ships to limit fuel use. "
France "lagging behind" on offshore wind power
The ocean also offers "an alternative to energy production, whether with the force of the currents, which is still little exploited, with swells and wind power at sea" recalls Romain Troublé.
On offshore wind power, “France is lagging behind but other countries in the world are already producing several gigawatts through this.
In the Baltic Sea, we make huge detours around gigantic wind farms.
It is necessary to succeed in reconciling the zones of fishing, maritime traffic, as well as those of passages of birds.
There is a lot of concerted work to be done, but it is time to speed up the process.
The two speakers say they expect a lot from the next UN summit, in 2022, on the protection of the ocean, seas and marine resources.
It must be the subject of negotiations on plastic pollution, and the establishment of a legal framework on the exploitation of the seabed in the high seas.
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