Sébastien Lecornu's short marathon in an attempt to ease tensions in the West Indies continues before his return to Paris on Wednesday.
After 24 hours spent in Guadeloupe, the Minister of Overseas Territories landed in Martinique on Monday evening.
This visit aims to get out of the social crisis crossed by the two islands of the French Antilles, 120 km away and marked by a high rate of unemployment, in particular among young people.
But things got off to a bad start.
Monday in Guadeloupe, where he had arrived the day before, discussions with the inter-union and local elected officials came to an end.
The minister judged that no discussion was possible as long as the unions "do not want to condemn assassination attempts against police officers and gendarmes", a "preliminary however obvious and indispensable".
His meeting with four union representatives from the UGTG and FO was therefore reduced to a simple handing over of "demand documents".
"We water 9 millimeters in the streets"
Calling for "awareness" in the face of violence, Sébastien Lecornu announced during a press point the dispatch of a squadron of 70 mobile gendarmes and 10 additional members of the GIGN, to "hold on". "When we shoot and water 9 millimeters in the streets", it is "a miracle that a child of 9 or 10" did not "find himself under these bullets", he said. insisted. "Everything will be done to free the roadblocks" which still hamper traffic in places on the island "and the reinforcements are involved in that" continued Sébastien Lecornu.
Monday, the Collective of socio-professionals, which brings together several very different trades (carriers, taxis, construction, tourism), threatened "action" within 24 hours if he was not invited to negotiations .
The collective had barred Guadeloupe for three days in February.
Union officials criticized
Born from the refusal of the vaccination obligation for caregivers and firefighters, the movement has spread to political and social demands, in particular against the high cost of living, and has caused violence, looting and fires, as in Martinique.
The two islands are placed under curfew.
Sébastien Lecornu also sharply criticized union officials who "began to seek amnesties" for the perpetrators of violence.
Side unions, the delegation believes that Sébastien Lecornu "did not come to negotiate, but because he was forced by the balance of power that we have installed".
Maïté Hubert-M'Toumo, of the UGTG, recalls their "priority" demands such as "the end of the suspensions of non-vaccinated personnel and liberal professions", the "suspension of convictions of people for violence", and a " emergency plan for the qualification of young people and the working conditions of Guadeloupe families ”.
"Everyone must be in their place in this territory"
While many areas are managed by local authorities (water distribution, roads, transport, environment, vocational training), Sébastien Lecornu has also made local elected officials face up to their responsibilities.
"I want to be yelled at for things that the State did not do before we were even in power (….) What is complicated is to be yelled at for things that the State does not. is not responsible, ”he said.
"Everyone must be in their place in this territory" added the minister, who said on Friday that the government was "ready" to "talk" about more autonomy for Guadeloupe.
A more peaceful situation in Martinique
Earlier, Guadeloupe local elected officials had decided not to attend a meeting scheduled with the minister, who nevertheless participated in a videoconference with 16 mayors of the island.
"(...) We do not see this state of mind to appease the situation and ensure that the conditions are met" to get out of the crisis, said Guy Losbar, ex-president of the department whose election was canceled, to justify the refusal of local elected officials.
Sébastien Lecornu will also meet in Martinique local elected officials and the inter-union, who have signed an “method agreement” with the State to try to get out of the crisis.
Seven themes (health, youth, cost of living including fuel and gas prices, transport, chlordeconomics, fishing, culture) must be discussed.
"The situation is in no way comparable between Guadeloupe and Martinique since in Martinique, (the) Republican prerequisites" to the negotiations "have been fulfilled by elected officials and the inter-union" estimated Sébastien Lecornu.
Crisis in the West Indies: The government postpones the vaccination obligation for caregivers to December 31
Martinique: Ten police officers injured, journalists targeted by gunfire
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