According to the principle of informed consent and voluntariness, actively guide the 3-11-year-old non-taboo people to "should take it all"

Strive to complete the entire vaccination process for school-age children by the end of December

  On November 15, the National Health Commission released a question and answer on the new crown vaccination for people aged 3-11 on its official website, including a total of 7 issues of public concern.

It was mentioned in the answer that according to the State Council’s joint prevention and control mechanism and the principle of voluntary informed consent, my country is actively guiding the 3-11-year-old non-taboo people to “should take all the stops” and strive to complete the entire vaccination before the end of December.

  Children are an important part of herd immunization work

  1. Why do we need to carry out new crown vaccination for people aged 3-11?

  The best way to prevent new coronary pneumonia is to vaccinate.

There are four considerations for children vaccinating the new crown vaccine.

First, prevent disease.

In the early stages of the new crown epidemic, the infection rate among children was relatively low.

Nowadays, with the global pandemic and continuous spread of new coronary pneumonia, the infection rate among children is rising.

In some countries, the incidence of children is now close to that of adults at the end of last year, and has even increased.

This means that the understanding of the past needs to be changed, and the group of children also need vaccines for protection.

Second, as the infection rate among children rises, severe cases or deaths in children occur from time to time, and vaccines can effectively reduce severe illness and mortality.

Third, children infected with the new crown virus are also a source of infection, and this part of the population has a high degree of daily gathering, which is difficult to manage, and is likely to cause a cluster of epidemics.

Fourth, the establishment of an immune barrier through vaccination and the realization of herd immunity are important goals for epidemic prevention and control, which can reduce or even stop the epidemic.

Children are also part of the population, and they are also an important part of herd immunization work.

  There is no significant difference between safety and adult vaccination

  2. At this stage, what are the new coronavirus vaccines that can be used to vaccinate people aged 3-11?

  According to the research and development progress of the new coronavirus vaccine and the research and demonstration by relevant departments, there are currently three technical routes for vaccines approved for use in my country. 3 doses of recombinant protein vaccine.

  At present, the only technical route of vaccines approved for emergency use by people aged 3 to 17 years is the inactivated vaccine, including the new coronavirus inactivated vaccine of the Sinopharm Beijing Institute, the Wuhan Institute of New Coronavirus and the Kexingzhongwei New Coronavirus Inactivated Vaccine. Two doses of vaccination, 3 to 8 weeks apart.

  3. How safe and effective is the new crown vaccine for people aged 3-11?

  Vaccination of the new crown pneumonia is an important measure to control the spread of the new crown pneumonia epidemic. According to the joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council, people over the age of 12 have been vaccinated against the new crown virus in the early stage.

On the basis of the previous vaccination work, my country has accelerated the relevant research on the use of the new coronavirus vaccine in people aged 3-11.

  According to the expert opinions of the vaccine research and development team of the scientific research group, the safety and immunogenicity of the new coronavirus inactivated vaccine in people aged 3-11 years are not significantly different from those of people over 18 years old.

  Guide people of the right age who have no taboos to "should pick up everything"

  4. How about the deployment and advancement of the new crown vaccine for people aged 3-11?

  In accordance with the State Council’s joint prevention and control mechanism, and in accordance with the principle of informed consent and voluntariness, my country is actively guiding the 3-11 year-old non-taboo people to "should take all the stops" and strive to complete the entire vaccination before the end of December.

  According to the characteristics of minors, my country has also made overall arrangements for the vaccination of the national immunization program vaccines and new coronavirus vaccines for people aged 3-11 years. It requires all localities to strengthen communication with recipients and guardians, standardize the implementation of vaccination, and be patient. Meticulous popular science publicity.

The vaccination site requires pediatric emergency medical personnel and emergency medicine protection for children.

According to the State Council’s joint prevention and control mechanism, this work is now being launched in various places.

  5. Is there a charge for the new crown vaccine for people aged 3-11?

  Children's new crown vaccine is still implemented in accordance with the free inoculation policy for residents.

  Stay on site for 30 minutes after vaccination

  6. What are the precautions for people aged 3-11 to vaccinate the new crown vaccine?

  For minors, who do not have full capacity for civil conduct, they need a guardian to accompany the child to vaccinate the new crown vaccine.

  Before vaccinating the new crown vaccine, first, the guardian must understand the knowledge of the vaccine, the vaccination process and the health of the child.

Second, the guardian needs to sign an informed consent form for vaccination, and complete the new crown vaccination on the basis of knowledge and consent.

Third, children's vaccinations against the new crown are based on the principle of appointment. Guardians are requested to make an appointment in advance.

  In the process of vaccinating the new crown vaccine, first, please bring the child's vaccination certificate, ID card, household registration book and other relevant documents.

Second, the guardian should truthfully provide the children's current health status and the contraindications of previous vaccination at the scene, and let the vaccination doctor make a judgment.

Third, if the child is particularly nervous, the guardian needs to do a good job of psychological counseling, and beware of the psychogenic reactions that children over 5 years old may have.

Fourth, we must cooperate with local prevention and control work, and strictly do a good job in personal protection of guardians and children.

  After being vaccinated with the new crown vaccine, the guardian should accompany the child to observe the vaccination site for 30 minutes to avoid strenuous exercise of the child.

At the vaccination site or after returning home, if a child has symptoms of discomfort, he should promptly report to the vaccination unit and seek medical attention if necessary.

  7. How to make overall arrangements for vaccinating other vaccines for people aged 3-11 while vaccinating the new crown vaccine?

  After 3-11-year-old children are vaccinated with the new crown vaccine, if they need to vaccinate other immunization programs or non-immunization programs, the interval must be more than 14 days; if they have been vaccinated with other immunization programs or non-immunization programs, the interval must be 14 days Inoculate the new crown vaccine more than one day.

However, it should be noted that if you are bitten by an animal or have accidental injuries, you need to be vaccinated with rabies vaccine and tetanus vaccine, you do not need to consider the above time interval requirements.

  Hot response

  The interval between other vaccines and the new coronavirus vaccine should be greater than 14 days

  On November 15, the National Health Commission released questions and answers about the new crown vaccine booster immunization on its official website.

The answer mentioned that in accordance with the needs of epidemic prevention and control, booster immunization should be implemented among people 18 years and older who have been vaccinated with the new crown vaccine for 6 months.

  For the target population of enhanced immunization, priority is given to the implementation of enhanced immunization among people at high risk of new crown virus infection, personnel in key positions that guarantee the basic operation of the society, and the elderly.

For other eligible people who need to be vaccinated, booster immunization can also be carried out according to their needs.

The National Health Commission emphasized that the new crown vaccine booster immunization is still implemented in accordance with the free inoculation policy for residents.

  How to fight the new crown vaccine booster?

Where to fight?

The National Health Commission stated that, in principle, the intensified immunization of high-risk populations and key positions that guarantee the basic operation of the society will be organized and implemented by all relevant units; other populations can go to the designated vaccination unit of the jurisdiction to make an appointment for vaccination.

For specific vaccination information in various regions, please refer to the official information issued by the local health department or the CDC.

  Before vaccination, according to the vaccination voucher in the previous period, confirm whether you have been vaccinated for the whole course and completed the whole course of vaccination for more than 6 months.

It is necessary to bring ID cards, vaccination certificates, etc. during vaccination, and perform personal protection according to local prevention and control requirements, and cooperate with the on-site vaccination staff to inquire; the doctor should be notified of past diseases and whether to take medicine in the near future.

After inoculation, stay for 30 minutes as required; keep the skin of the inoculated area clean and avoid scratching the inoculated site with your hands.

  In addition, the question of whether influenza and other vaccines can be vaccinated at the same time as the new crown vaccine booster has also been answered-according to the recommendations of the "New crown virus vaccination technical guide (first edition)" released this year, the interval between other vaccines and the new crown virus vaccine vaccination Should be more than 14 days.

  This group of articles / our reporter Xiong Yingqi coordinated / Xu Feng

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