A bloody first.

For the first time in the Netherlands, live images of a stabbing could be seen on social media.

What possessed Bouchra D. (21), who is suspected of stabbing and filming half-sister Anouk den Dekker (20)?

This article is from Brabants Dagblad.

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"A lot of blind anger", says clinical psychologist Jan Derksen of Radboud University Nijmegen.

He closely followed the notorious stabbing incident in Den Bosch on Saturday evening.

"Chasing, killing and filming. Then you are completely outside reality. Capturing is a reflex. It has become so second nature to us that I don't even notice it anymore. Under the spell of emotion, the layer of civilization is very, very thin."

According to media psychologist Mischa Coster, live streaming suggests 'a certain amount of awareness'.

"Such a person wants to achieve something with that, but what?"

he wonders aloud.

"People can enjoy aggression, filming and sharing live takes it even further," says Derksen in turn.

Why do we want to see and share such atrocities with our own eyes?

"I suspect the first people who saw the stream couldn't believe it was real. It's such an exceptional thing, you usually only see that in movies," Coster says.

They want the scoop, or share it because of the intense reaction it provokes in them.

Gosh, you gotta see!

Later you also have people who consciously look for the video.

Something that doesn't happen often has appeal - no matter what it is."

Derksen makes a comparison with the past.

When 'we' turned out en masse to watch a beheading in a square.

"The relief also plays a part that you are not the one who it happens to, but that it is the misery of someone else."

The clinical psychologist calls the fact that the images are then shared en masse as an 'uncontrollable need'.

"That happens unconsciously in people who are sensitive to it, especially extroverted people. At such a moment they have no idea what it means for relatives. Introverted people will more often feel aversion."

Investigation at the Slagendreef in Den Bosch, a day after the stabbing incident.

Investigation at the Slagendreef in Den Bosch, a day after the stabbing incident.

Photo: Bart Meesters

The moral appeal that the police made not to distribute the images is not meaningful, argues Derksen.

"That strikes a chord with a small group that did not intend to share it anyway. Others do not allow themselves to be inhibited by the police. If you would make it punishable, it can suppress the behavior in some cases."

Banning this behavior will take 'generations', according to Derksen.

"The solution is to make social media part of upbringing and education. Research shows that a difference can be made, especially at a very young age. Many people have now come into contact with social media at a later age, when a large group barely gets that message."

And Instagram, can or should they not prevent this?

A bloody scoop, that's what you can call Saturday evening's live stream from Bossche. It was the first time that images of a deadly stabbing in the Netherlands could be seen directly on social media. This has happened before abroad. Livestreaming crimes even has its own Wikipedia page, with examples of live-streamed violence on platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Periscope, Twitch and YouTube.

The services employ thousands of people to filter out sickening videos, but of course do not know in advance what the intentions are of someone who goes live. They mainly depend on the users; only when images are reported do the platforms usually take action, says social media expert Maaike Gulden. "If an account has been reported before, they're more likely to manually check what's on display." Instagram can stop a live stream, block the sender and contact the police. It is unclear whether that happened in this case.

There are also algorithms that focus on the use of specific words, causing accounts to go black automatically.

"They are getting smarter," says Gulden, who notes that the Facebooks of this world don't seem to have much interest in keeping their channels 'clean'.

"Only when it costs money, and users threaten to walk away en masse, may they be sensitive to it. Not much progress has been made in recent years."

Could the images also play an important role in criminal proceedings?

That depends entirely on the exact content. The police are now investigating the images that show the badly beaten victim. It is not entirely clear whether the stabbing itself was also filmed. If so, the images will play an even greater role in the criminal case that follows.

Earlier this year, that was the case with a torture murder in Rotterdam.

A 28-year-old man filmed for forty minutes how he beat up his father (62).

In between he walked around the house and took a shower, to continue the torture in a bathrobe.

The film proved to the judge that the son had enough time to think about the consequences of his actions.

The perpetrator did not put the images on the internet, but gave them to the police immediately after his arrest.

"I filmed everything and it's all on my phone. There's all the evidence on it. Look."

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