China wants to limit the use of fossil fuels to less than 20% by 2060, according to a plan setting out a series of objectives to achieve carbon neutrality, published on Sunday by the official China New Agency.

This document is part of the desire expressed by President Xi Jinping to start reducing polluting emissions by 2030 to achieve carbon neutrality 30 years later.

Non-fossil fuels of around 25% of total energy consumption by 2030 are among the targets published by New China on Sunday, a week before the opening of the international climate conference (COP26) in Scotland.

Gradually reduce coal consumption, a challenge

By 2030, CO2 emissions produced per unit of GDP are expected to have fallen by more than 65% from 2005 levels, with wind and solar capacity exceeding 1.2 billion kilowatts, the agency adds. Press.

In April, President Xi Jinping said the country would strictly control its coal-fired power plant projects and gradually reduce its consumption of coal, a particularly polluting energy source that provides 60% of its electricity production.

Before the UN General Assembly in September, the Chinese president also pledged to stop building coal plants abroad.

153 mines had been authorized since last month

But at the same time, faced with massive electricity shortages that are penalizing the recovery, due to soaring coal prices on which the country is very dependent to supply its power plants, China is on the way to increase its production by 6%. of coal.

Earlier this week, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said that 153 mines had been authorized since last month to increase their production capacity by 220 million tonnes per year.


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