Along with the House of Representatives election, the "national examination" of judges of the Supreme Court will be announced, and this time 11 judges will be targeted.

"National examination" is a system in which the public examines whether or not to trust the judges of the Supreme Court in accordance with the votes of the House of Representatives election, and is stipulated in Article 79 of the Constitution.



This time, 11 judges appointed after the last (2017) House of Representatives election are subject to examination, which is the second largest number so far.



Voting will take place along with the House of Representatives election, and early voting will begin on the 20th.



If you write an "x" in the name field of the judge on the "National Examination" ballot distributed at the polling place, you are not confident, and if you do not write anything, you are confident.



If you write something other than "x" such as "○", the voting itself will be invalid.



Judges whose majority of valid votes are "x" will be dismissed, but no judge has been dismissed in the 24 national examinations so far.



The results of the vote will be announced along with the results of the House of Representatives election.

What is national examination?

Judges of the Supreme Court have the strong power to draw the final conclusions of the judiciary and to determine whether the law is unconstitutional and whether there are any problems with the administrative response.



"National examination" is the system stipulated in the Constitution for us people to examine whether or not a person is suitable as a judge of the Supreme Court.



People over the age of 18 who have the right to vote can vote.



Judges who have never been examined since taking office, or judges who have been examined for more than 10 years, will be examined, and this time 11 people will be examined.



If there is a judge you want to stop, put an "x" in the name of the ballot distributed at the polling place of the House of Representatives election.



Judges who have been dismissed by the national examination since the system was established after the war, only 15.17% of the people who had the highest percentage of "x" so far, although they are dismissed when the "x" is the majority of the valid votes. No.



Regarding the national examination, the Japanese people living in the United States and other countries sued the country for not being able to vote abroad, saying that it was unconstitutional, and the first and second trials decided that it was unconstitutional.



The Supreme Court has decided to try this case in a large court of all 15 judges, but no conclusions have been reached yet, and Japanese living abroad cannot vote in this case.

11 judges subject to national review

This time, there are 11 people who will be subject to national examination.



▼ Judge Takuya Fukayama (67)


▼ Judge Masaaki Oka (65)


▼ Judge Katsuya Uga (66)


▼ Judge Toru Sakai (63)


▼ Judge Judge Michiharu Hayashi (64)


▼ Judge Kazumi Okamura from an administrative officer (63)


▼ Judge Mamoru Miura from a prosecutor (65)


▼ Judge Koichi Kusano from a lawyer (66)


Judge

Eriko Watanabe from a lawyer


Judge

(62)

▼ Judge Ryosuke Annami (64)


Judge Yasumasa

Nagamine (67) From Judge



11 people were targeted at the first national examination in 1945, 14 people It is the second most common after being judged.

Information on the national examination can also be found on the NHK special website.

Information such as profiles of 11 judges subject to examination and judgments in major trials is posted.

Keywords: judges, examination, supreme court, house of representatives, x, people, system, election, nhk, ballot, public, notification 11, judge, votes, mamoru miura