With the announcement of the major Nobel Prize awards in 2021, the topic of "Nobel Prize" has once again become a hot spot for netizens.

Let's imagine, if we go back to ancient times, who will win the Nobel Prize?

  Medical Award Ge Hong

  In the history of ancient Chinese medicine, there are many famous medical scientists, such as Hua Tuo, Bian Que, Zhang Zhongjing, etc. Their achievements in medicine are not inferior to those of Ge Hong, but why do so many medical masters become Ge Hong? Hong's "accompany running"?

  This has to start with Ge Hong's medical work "Elbow Reserve Emergency Recipe".

The name of this book seems to be delicious, especially the word "elbow", which always reminds people of the big elbow in thick oil red sauce.

At this time, it is estimated that Ge Hong wanted to roar: Behind the elbow is the emergency book that is often prepared behind the elbow for you to carry with you!

  Yes, the medical book "An Elbow Reserve Emergency Recipe" is very practical, it is more like a huge medical field database.

In the book, Ge Hong wrote a large number of emergency prescriptions, and these prescriptions were collected and selected by Ge Hong in the process of practicing medicine and traveling.

  Speaking of ancient prescriptions, we found that many of the ingredients of medicines make people feel incredible, such as Tianshan Saussurea and Thousand-Year Ganoderma lucidum. Where do normal people get it?

What is even more exaggerated is the dragon's mouth. We have not even seen this dragon. Where can we get its saliva?

Therefore, Ge Hong specially selected some medicines that are relatively easy to obtain, even if they cost money, they are all cheap.

  This has changed the huge drawbacks of the previous emergency prescriptions that were incomprehensible and difficult to find.

Ge Hong also intimately used easy-to-understand language in "Elbow Reserve Emergency Prescription", so that he can understand and learn regardless of culture.

Can you think of it?

Thousands of years later, Chinese medical scientist Tu Youyou discovered artemisinin and won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2015. She was deeply inspired by "Elbow Reserve Emergency Formula"!

  What's more powerful is that Ge Hong put forward the concept of "immunization" a long time ago, and the rabies vaccine was derived from the "prescription for treating ruby ​​dogs and biting people".

Ge Hong's prescription is very peculiar. He said that when a person is bitten by a rabies, he must kill the rabies that bit him, and then apply its brain to the bitten wound, so as to prevent rabies.

The principle of this prescription is the familiar phrase "to fight poison with poison", which is also the same principle. Ge Hong also invented the "human pox method", which effectively prevented smallpox.

The vaccines we are receiving now also benefit from Ge Hong.

  It is estimated that Ge Hong himself did not expect that the medical theories he put forward at the time could still make outstanding contributions to our humanity after more than a thousand years of history.

  This Nobel Prize in Medicine must be awarded to Ge Hong!

  Physics Prize Su Song

  No matter in any era, human beings are always full of desire for automation technology. After all, the advancement of science and technology has changed the quality of our lives. Therefore, this ancient Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Su Song, who is known as the "No. 1 Generalist in the Song Dynasty". .

  Su Song once served as the collation of Guange and the collation of Jixian in the Song Dynasty. This official position is equivalent to our modern academician of the Academy of Social Sciences.

In addition, he is also Su Dongpo's inmate. It is said that he and Su Dongpo were imprisoned in Yushitai Prison one after another. Their cell was separated by a wall.

However, Su Song didn't need to rub Su Dongpo's traffic at all, because he was also popular enough in the history of the Northern Song Dynasty, and his most sensational thing was to develop a huge astronomical instrument: the Hydrographic Observatory.

  The upper layer of this oceanographic observatory is an armillary sphere for observing celestial bodies, the middle layer is an armillary sphere for demonstrating the celestial phenomena, and the lower layer is a mechanical device that makes the armillary sphere and the celestial body move along with the movement of the celestial body.

It can be used to observe the movement of celestial bodies and demonstrate the changes of celestial phenomena. At the same time, as the celestial phenomena progress, the wooden man can automatically ring bells, drums, and ring bells, and accurately report the time.

The earliest astronomical clock in the world was born.

This invention makes it possible for humans to use sophisticated instruments to complete the automatic division of time scales, which is unprecedented and benefits future generations.

  Unlike those skilled craftsmen who can only work hard, Su Song not only has strong hands-on ability, but also has a more solid theoretical foundation. After all, he is "the number one generalist in the Song Dynasty".

After inventing and creating the horrifying water transport ceremonial platform, Su Song even wrote several papers about it, and "published" the book titled "New Apparatus and Imagery."

The book is divided into three volumes, with 63 attached drawings. The book also describes in detail the process and ideas of his and others in making the water transport rigging platform, which provides an important reference for the study of ancient Chinese mechanical technology.

We modern people can still use this book to restore the water transport ceremonial platform of the year.

  After inventing and creating the water transport astronomical platform, Su Song closely linked the flow of time with the movement of celestial bodies.

He was also fascinated by the stars in the night sky. After a series of researches, Su Song wrote the "Su Song Star Map", which recorded 1,464 planets in the night sky during the Northern Song Dynasty, 422 more than the observations in Europe during the same period!

  There is no reason why the Nobel Prize in Physics is not awarded to a person who has made such a significant contribution to human automation technology and the exploration of the mysteries of the universe!

  Economics Award Guan Zhong

  To find an ancient person in history who can win the Nobel Prize in Economics, Guan Zhong will certainly be nominated many times, because he has outstanding talents in economics, and many of his actions can now become classics in business school textbooks. Case.

  However, Guan Zhong’s economic talents were not used for the accumulation of personal wealth, but used it to enrich the country and strengthen the people.

At that time, Qi Huangong asked Guan Zhong: "Father Zhong, tell me, how can we make our country rich?" Before Guan Zhong could speak, Qi Huangong added: "Do you think it is bad for houses, terraces, trees, animals, and population? How about taxation?"

  Guan Zhong felt bad, so he rejected Qi Huangong’s proposal, and solemnly put forward his own policy of enriching the country: “Only officials, mountains and seas are ears.” As soon as these words came out, the salt and iron monopoly system appeared for the first time in Chinese history. .

This "guanhai" means that the Qi government clearly stipulated that edible salt is state-owned, but the production is subject to official supervision of private property.

The government required the people to boil salt at a specific time and in a specific area. Finally, the Qi government set up the post of "salt officer" to conduct unified purchases, unified transportation, and unified sales.

The same policy as the "Guanhai" is followed by the "Guanshan", that is, the state assigns iron ore mining to the common people to contract, and the profit is divided according to the ratio of 37% to the output value.

  At that time, Qi Huangong had no bottom in his heart!

So Guan Zhong settled an account for Qi Huangong: In a powerful country with 10,000 military vehicles, for every 10 million people, there are 1 million people who meet the tax standard.

Among these 1 million people, each person collects 30 yuan a month, which is 30 million yuan a month.

If the price of salt is increased by 2 yuan per liter, the market is regulated, and the “sale of salt by mouth” is implemented in strict accordance with the household registration, it will be 60 million yuan per month, far exceeding the monthly tax of 30 yuan.

  Guan Zhong not only understands economics, but also understands politics.

He knows that if the country imposes taxes forcibly, it will easily arouse resentment among the people. Over time, it is not conducive to the stability and development of the country.

On the surface, "Guan Shanhai" did not directly levy taxes on the common people, but it achieved the effect of "seeing what is given, not seeing what is right".

Since then, various dynasties have followed suit, especially in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The income of salt became the second largest financial source of the imperial court after Tian Fu, and Guan Zhong was also called the "Salt Sect" by the later world respect.

  In addition, Guan Zhong was the first to advocate professional division of labor, and used preferential policies to stimulate commerce, stimulate domestic demand through consumption, and fight economic warfare to subdue the country... In terms of economy, Guan Zhong can be said to be strategizing, and many of his economic strategies have been up to now. Can give us some enlightenment.

Just imagine, if there is no such economic policy proposed by Guan Zhong, how could Qi Huangong achieve the goal of prospering the country and strengthening the army in such a short period of time?

If the country is not strong, how can the people live and work in peace?

  Therefore, Guan Zhong deserves the Nobel Prize in Economics.

  Peace Prize Wang Zhaojun

  The Nobel Prize is amazing: the more nominated, the harder it is to be selected.

Sometimes I think that I will be selected for a certain unpopular person, but the selection is the most familiar to everyone. Anyway, it makes you unexpected and hard to guess.

  The ancient Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Wang Zhaojun under such circumstances.

At this time, some people will certainly express their dissatisfaction: "Why? Even the children can tell the story of Zhaojun going out of the country intact, can you change your character?"

  That's right, many people have learned the stories before and after Zhaojun came out of the fortress from the adapted literary works.

It is nothing more than that Wang Zhaojun refused to bribe the painter, and ended up being painted as an ugly girl, thus not being favored by the emperor. In the end, he had to be sent to marry him; after deciding to marry, Wang Zhaojun not only amazed the Han Yuan emperor, but was also shocked by his beauty. The wild geese on the road caused the wild geese to fall from the sky...We have heard of these for eight lifetimes, but do you know the story of Wang Zhaojun after he left the fortress?

  When Wang Zhaojun left Chang'an and came to the grassland, as an envoy of peace, she was welcomed and loved by the Huns.

In order to promote peace, after Wang Zhaojun arrived at the Huns, she first adapted to the survival problems she had to face, such as adapting to the cold weather, dust in the air, wearing fur, eating beef and mutton, drinking buttermilk, and even housing problems. To adapt to the dome on the grassland.

It seems to be nothing to us now, but it is extremely difficult for a person to change a ten-year life habit in a short period of time.

  When Wang Zhaojun adapted to the survival problem, she began to teach local women how to sew clothes and weave and teach agricultural production techniques.

As an envoy of marriage, Wang Zhaojun and Huhanxie Shanyu are also very close. They also gave birth to a son named Yitu Zhifangshi. This child was later named the Youri King of the Xiongnu.

Hu Hanxie Shanyu used to educate his children and grandchildren very seriously: "You must always get along with the court of the Western Han Dynasty."

  If the story of Wang Zhaojun and his relative ends here, the Nobel Peace Prize may not be convincing yet.

Three years after Wang Zhaojun’s marriage, that is, the second year of the founding of Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty (31 before), Hu Hanxie Shanyu passed away. The custom of the Huns married Wang Zhaojun as his wife.

  At that time, Wang Zhaojun felt "destroying the three views", and she immediately wrote to Emperor Han Cheng, requesting to return to the Han Dynasty.

Emperor Cheng of the Han Dynasty did not agree, and clearly stated "from the Husu" in the royal letter to Wang Zhaojun, meaning: since you have married the Huns, then you should follow the customs of the Huns and marry again!

In this way, in order to maintain the friendship between the Han and Hungarian tribes, even if he was reluctant in his heart, Wang Zhaojun still obeyed the customs of the Xiongnu and became the lonely family of Yan.

  After Wang Zhaojun left the country, the Han Dynasty maintained a friendly relationship with the Xiongnu for nearly fifty years, which was inseparable from Wang Zhaojun's efforts.

According to reports, there was also a scene of "people are flourishing, cattle and sheep clothed wild" between the Han and Hungarians. The people in the Central Plains lived and worked in peace and contentment, and the grassland outside the Great Wall was prosperous with people and animals.

  At the same time, the Huns also exchanged horses, cattle, sheep, and camels for Han nationality's agricultural and sideline products, farm tools, and handicraft products. Some cultural relics unearthed today are strong evidence of this peaceful scene at that time.

After Wang Zhaojun's death, her descendants have inherited her legacy and continued to devote themselves to the peace and friendship between the Han and Hungarian tribes.

Later the Xiongnu went to the Han Dynasty many times, and sent a servant to the Dynasty.

Therefore, Zhaojun's going out of the country is not about walking and crying in literary works, but has opened a magnificent road of national peace and friendship.

  The ancient Nobel Peace Prize, Wang Zhaojun deserves it!

  Literary Award Bai Juyi

  The Nobel Prize for Literature is the Nobel Prize in Literature that attracts the most attention during the annual Nobel Prize review stage, because literature is not far away from us and exists in our lives.

In ancient history, wanting to award a Nobel Prize for Literature is very cumbersome. After all, there are too many talented people!

However, if the ancient Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Bai Juyi, it would be regarded as a welcome one.

  We all know a gossip about Bai Juyi, that is, every time he finishes writing a poem, he will read it to the grandmother at the door or on the roadside. Only when the grandmother can understand the poem can he “pass the manuscript”.

In the past, we would think that this is Bai Juyi's pursuit of poetry language, but combining Bai Juyi's other works and life deeds, Bai Juyi is actually using his works to care about the fate and life of the people.

  As we all know, Bai Juyi is the main advocate of the New Yuefu Movement. He wrote many poems reflecting the suffering of the people, such as the well-known "Selling Tan Weng": "The poor body is single, and I am worried about the charcoal and wish for the sky to be cold"; Another example in "Buying Flowers" is "There is a place where you can buy flowers. I lower my head and sigh for a long time. No one can explain this sigh"... These poems all come from Bai Juyi's delicate observations and touches in daily life. A compassionate heart to write the true stories of the people is also a sincere heart, hoping that these poems can bring some reflections to those in power.

  Of course, some people will say: "There are many people who can write this kind of poetry! Why did the ancient Nobel Prize in Literature be awarded to Bai Juyi?"

  In addition to these poems that reflect the real lives of ordinary people, Bai Juyi also wrote many works for women, which is extremely valuable in his time.

In these female poems written by Bai Juyi, we find that Bai Juyi is a true "friend of women". He will complain to many women, and this "unfairness" comes from his inner compassion, but this kind of compassion does not Condescending.

  For example, Bai Juyi wrote a story about an ordinary woman who eloped for free love and lover, and suffered humiliation and pain.

Bai Juyi wanted to use this story to warn all women in the world: dear, it is very dangerous to run away with a man without any protection!

This relationship is as fragile as a silver bottle at the bottom of a well. Women comrades, please cherish their lives and stay away from scumbags!

  Another example is "Pipa Xing", the singer girl who plays the pipa is a typical woman from the dust. Bai Juyi did not discriminate against her because of this. Instead, she became the "confidential uncle" of the Pipa girl on the spot.

Bai Juyi first patiently listened to the story of the Pipa Girl, and then he sympathized with the Pipa Girl's experience.

In his writing, it is not only sympathy for the tragic fate of a singer, but also the injustice of the tragic fate of the insulted and oppressed women in the entire feudal society.

  If it is just these few poems, we might think that it was Bai Juyi's "feelings", but in fact, in Bai Juyi's works, there are too many poems about women, such as "Shangyang White Haired Man" and "Ceremony Concubine" "Farewell to Mother", "Taihang Road", "Picking Lotus Songs", "Long Lovesickness"... More than a thousand years ago, Bai Juyi could have such advanced thoughts and still maintain a sincere and compassionate heart to create. And it was too rare to be able to speak up for the disadvantaged female group at that time. Therefore, among the many outstanding ancient writers, the Nobel Prize in Literature must be awarded to Bai Juyi.

  The ancients made great contributions to the progress and development of mankind, and we modern people must also work harder in the development of various fields.

  Text and photo courtesy/Jinling Xiaodai

Keywords: wang zhaojun, times, bai juyi, nobel prize, medicine, su song, history, awards, emergency book, elbow, an elbow reserve emergency recipe, academician, people, topic, announcement