Author: Liu Lihui

  From October 11 to 15, the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) was held in Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Recently, the three-dimensional flowerbeds built on the streets of Kunming to welcome COP15 attracted citizens to check in.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Ranyang

  This is the first time that China has held such high-level multilateral environmental talks, which will determine the goals and directions for global diversity conservation until 2030 and beyond.

  Why did COP15 choose Yunnan?

Recently, the three-dimensional flowerbeds built on the streets of Kunming to welcome COP15 attracted citizens to check in.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Ranyang

  China is one of the countries with the richest biodiversity in the world, and Yunnan is the province with the richest biodiversity in China.

Yunnan accounts for 4.1% of the country’s land area, but has all types of vegetation and ecosystems except oceans and deserts. It encompasses various reputations such as the "Animal Kingdom", "Plant Kingdom", "Species Gene Bank", and "World Garden". A treasure house of biodiversity.

Fragment of COP15 Promo "Yunnan Code"

  The "Cambrian Life Explosion" took place here, and the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau shaped it.

Fragment of COP15 Promo "Yunnan Code"


  The distance between north and south is about 960 kilometers, and the altitude difference is more than 6600 meters. It covers 7 climate types in the north tropical, south subtropical, mid-subtropical, north subtropical, south temperate, middle temperate and plateau climate zone (northern temperate).

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  There are 19,333 species of higher plants and 2,273 species of vertebrates, all of which account for more than 50% of the total number of species in China.

There are 60 species of vertebrates under national I-level protection, 182 species of vertebrates under national II-level protection; 45 species of national I-level key protected wild plants, and 108 species of national II-level key wild plants.

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  The snowy peaks here are covered with forests,

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Kang Ping

  The tropical rain forest here is like a fairyland,

Tiger Leaping Gorge smashed against the shore.

Picture source: Oriental IC

  The rivers here are endlessly rushing,

Fuxian Lake is full of colored glaze.

Photo by Ren Dong

  The plateau lakes here are beautiful and colorful,

In the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a large plant Wanglian is floating on the water.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Kang Ping

  The biodiversity here is beyond imagination,

Source: Publicity Department of Pu'er Municipal Party Committee

  Five of the seven species of gibbons in China are here-among them, there are only about 150 of the newly discovered gibbons.

Yunnan golden snub-nosed monkey in Baima Snow Mountain National Nature Reserve.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Pan Xulin

  The Yunnan golden monkey, a rare and endangered animal unique to China, is here-the population has increased from about 1,000 to 1,500 in 13 groups in 1996 to more than 3,300 in the current 23 populations.

Source: Yunnan Forestry and Grassland Bureau

  The last Asian elephant habitat in China is here-its wild population has increased from 180 in the 1980s to about 300 at present. This year, the Asian elephants from Yunnan moved northward and returned to the south, arousing global attention.

The picture shows the green peacock.

Photo courtesy of Yunnan Forestry and Grassland Bureau

  The last habitat of the green peacock is here-it is the only native peacock in China today. The current population is about 555 to 600. It is one of the most endangered wild animal species and is far more rare than the national treasure giant panda.

Black-crowned gibbon in Yunnan Wuliangshan National Nature Reserve.

Photo by Ren Dong

  Five of the seven species of gibbons in China are here-among them, there are only about 150 of the newly discovered gibbons.

The picture shows a bird's-eye view of Gaoligong Mountain.

Photo by Du Xiaohong

  The "World Species Gene Bank" Gaoligong Mountain is here - there are nearly 7,000 species of plants growing here.

The picture shows the population of Diantong, an endangered plant.

Photo courtesy of Baoshan City Government Information Office

  The tallest azalea in the world is here-the tree is more than 30 meters high

  The rhododendron with the largest leaf in the world is here-the leaves can be close to 1 meter

  The Magnolia Yunnan-Tibetan magnolia with the largest petal in the world is here-the petals can be up to 30 cm long...

  They are all produced in Gaoligong.

The picture shows the big tree rhododendron.

Photo courtesy of Gaoligongshan Baoshan Management and Protection Bureau

  Here is one of the evolution centers of rhododendrons. There are more than 300 kinds of rhododendrons growing, accounting for half of the world's total.

The picture shows canopy wood.

Photo courtesy of the Propaganda Department of Xichou County Party Committee, Wenshan, Yunnan

  The canopy wood that has survived on the earth for more than tens of millions of years is here—the canopy tree is currently only found in Yunnan, China and Yunnan, Myanmar. Only 52 trees can reach a height of 40 meters in the wild.

Xishuangbanna Wangtianshu Sky Corridor attracts tourists to experience.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Li Jinhong

  Wangtianshu, the tallest tree species in China, is here-it grows in the tropical rain forests of Xishuangbanna and is nearly 30 stories high.

Foreign experts admire tea flowers in Yunnan.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Ranyang

  The most important origin and evolution center of Camellia in the world is here-Camellia is one of the top eight famous flowers in Yunnan and one of the ten famous flowers in China.

Kunming Dounan Flower Market attracts tourists to check in and buy.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Kang Ping

  "From Asia, the center of flowers is in China and Chinese flowers are in Yunnan"

Kunming International Flower Auction and Trading Center Auction Hall.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Ranyang

  The largest flower trading market in Asia is here-for every 10 fresh cut flowers in China, nearly 7 stems from Kunming Dounan Flower Market, which can provide a flower for everyone on earth every year.

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  91% of the known edible mushrooms in China are here. There are more than 900 kinds of wild edible mushrooms recorded in Yunnan, accounting for 45% of the known edible mushrooms in the world. It is one of the regions with the most edible mushrooms in China and even the world. "Wild Mushroom Kingdom".

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  The world's largest walnut planting base is here-as early as 26,000 years ago, there were walnuts in Yangbi, Yunnan.

  The world's largest macadamia nut planting base is here-the planting area accounts for more than 60% of the world's macadamia nuts.

People of the Bulang ethnic group are picking tea in the ancient tea garden of Jingmai Mountain in Pu'er, Yunnan.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Liu Ranyang

  Almost all of the world's oldest, largest, and most numerous wild tea trees are here-the area and products of tea trees certified here rank first in the country.

In 2020, the comprehensive output value of Yunnan tea will reach 100.14 billion yuan, achieving the goal of "hundred billion cloud tea industry".

Coffee lovers consult with Pu'er coffee farmers about the coffee making process.

Photo by Ren Dong

  More than 98% of the country's coffee is produced here-in 1904, a French missionary planted the first coffee tree in Zhukula Village, Binchuan, Dali, and coffee has grown on this magical land ever since.

The picture shows the performance of the dance drama "Ashima".

Photo by Chang Shuyu

  It is also the “breeding ground of multi-ethnic cultures”, with 26 ethnic groups living here forever, making Yunnan the province with the largest variety of ethnic minorities in China.

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  Yunnan is a well-deserved treasure house of biodiversity and a high concentration of new species. It is currently the province with the most new species discovered in the country.

In the past 30 years, a total of 3,718 new species have been discovered in Yunnan, more than one-third of the total number of discoveries in the country.

Source: Yunnan Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department

  how?

After reading this post, are you also yearning for such a beautiful Yunnan?

  From October 11th to 15th, go to Yunnan together to meet the beauty of biodiversity!

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