The minimum wage has been raised in many places!

  "The new minimum wage standard has been officially implemented." "The standard increase is coming. Let's see how much you can increase?" Since the beginning of this year, the minimum wage standard increase in many places has become a hot topic.

Shanghai, Beijing, Zhejiang, Jiangsu... At present, more than 10 provinces have successively raised their minimum wage standards, and many other provinces have indicated that they will carry out standard adjustments during the year, and the list of relevant provinces is still increasing.

So, how is the minimum wage adjusted?

Who will directly benefit?

  Intensive increase in many places

  ——Most of the increase is in the range of 80-300 yuan per month, and the monthly minimum wage in Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin and other places is above 2,000 yuan

  "Increase the minimum wage standard. Adjust the full-time employment to 1880 yuan, 1760 yuan for the second category, and 1630 yuan for the third category." "The adjusted minimum wage will be implemented from October 1, 2021." Not long ago, Shanxi Province A notice was issued to adjust the minimum wage standard, which means that from October 1st, the relevant treatment of workers in the province will be adjusted accordingly.

  Clarify the amount of wages and a given timetable-the reporter found that at least Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Xinjiang, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Tianjin, Tibet, Beijing, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hubei, Ningxia, Gansu, Shanxi, Liaoning, Shandong have been sorted out this year. Wait for places to raise the minimum wage standard or implement the new standard.

  How much has the monthly minimum wage standard increased?

What is the level after adjustment?

  In terms of the adjustment range, the situation varies from place to place, but most of the increase is in the range of 80-300 yuan per month.

For example, from July 1st, Tianjin will adjust the monthly minimum wage from 2050 yuan to 2180 yuan per month, an increase of 130 yuan; Tibet will adjust the monthly minimum wage from 1,650 yuan to 1,850 yuan, an increase of 200 yuan from July 1st. ; Hubei has adjusted the monthly minimum wage standard to 2010 yuan, 1800 yuan, 1650 yuan, 1520 yuan in four levels since September 1, and increased 260 yuan, 300 yuan, 270 yuan, and 270 yuan respectively.

  In terms of wage levels, the monthly minimum wage in some provinces and cities exceeds 2,000 yuan.

Among them, Shanghai 2590 yuan, Beijing 2320 yuan, Tianjin 2180 yuan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hubei and other places the first monthly minimum wage is also more than 2,000 yuan.

  It is worth noting that the minimum wage standard generally takes the form of monthly minimum wage and hourly minimum wage.

The monthly minimum wage standard applies to full-time employees, and the hourly minimum wage standard applies to part-time employees.

  In terms of hourly minimum wage standards, after this round of adjustments, the first-tier standards in Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places exceeded 20 yuan, with Beijing being the highest at 25.3 yuan.

  "Wages are the main source of life for most workers. The adjustment of the minimum wage standard is mainly used to ensure that the minimum labor remuneration that employers should pay to workers can meet the basic living conditions of workers and their families." China Academy of Labor and Social Security Sciences Researcher Zhang Libin told our reporter that reasonable adjustments to this standard based on economic and social development, price levels, and changes in the cost of living are of great significance for ensuring the lives of low-income people and alleviating income gaps.

  How to adjust?

  ——Adjust at least once every 2-3 years, with reference to local minimum living expenses, economic development level, employment status and other factors

  At present, some places have implemented the adjusted minimum wage standard, and some will implement it in the next few months, and some provinces have made it clear that they will carry out the minimum wage standard adjustment work during the year.

  Having said that, some workers may ask: How often is the minimum wage adjusted?

What are the factors affected?

  According to the "Minimum Wage Regulations", the minimum wage standard refers to the minimum labor remuneration that the employer should pay according to the law, provided that the employee provides normal labor during the legal working hours or the working hours stipulated in the labor contract signed in accordance with the law.

  The document clarifies that the determination and adjustment of the monthly minimum wage should refer to the minimum living expenses of local employees and their dependents, the consumer price index of urban residents, the social insurance premiums and housing provident funds paid by individual employees, the average salary of employees, and the level of economic development. , Employment status and other factors.

In 2015, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued a notice requiring that the minimum wage standard be adjusted at least once every two to three years in the future.

  According to Zhang Libin, in specific operations, localities regularly adjust the minimum wage according to the actual situation of economic and social development.

In the context of advancing common prosperity, it is necessary to "lower, increase, and expand". Adjusting the minimum wage standard is an important aspect of "increasing", which is conducive to raising the income level of low-income earners. This is also to expand domestic demand and smooth the domestic and international "dual cycle." The reality needs.

  According to the relevant interpretation, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security stated that according to the "Beijing Minimum Wage Regulations", when adjusting the minimum wage standard, the main consideration is the minimum living expenses of the city's laborers and their dependents, and the average wage level of full-caliber urban employees. Changes in factors such as labor productivity, employment status and economic development level, and the economy is still in a period of recovery growth under the background of normalization of epidemic prevention and control. It is necessary to effectively protect the basic life of low-income employees and increase the sense of gain of low-income employees. It also fully considers the affordability of the enterprise under the current economic environment, and takes into account the interests of both the enterprise and the employees.

  The reporter learned that, generally speaking, the annual labor costs of enterprises will arrange a certain amount of natural upward space, and reasonable adjustment of the minimum wage standard range is digestible for enterprises.

"Employees are treated well, and their enthusiasm will increase accordingly." A person in charge of the company said.

Zhang Libin believes that under the impact of the epidemic, many small and medium-sized enterprises have been affected, but a series of policies such as ensuring market players, reducing taxes and fees, and inclusive finance have increased support, which has reduced costs for enterprises and has also increased the minimum wage for workers. Income creates space.

  Who will benefit?

  —— Directly drive the wage level of low-income workers, and the level of relevant social security benefits will be increased accordingly

  After the minimum wage is raised, who will benefit?

  It is worth noting that the minimum wage standard does not include these items: wages for extended working hours; allowances under special working environments and conditions such as mid-shift, night shift, high temperature, low temperature, underground, toxic and harmful, etc.; laborers stipulated by laws, regulations and the state Welfare treatment, etc.

In other words, the wages paid by employers to workers should not be lower than the local minimum wage after excluding the above items.

  The "Minimum Wage Regulations" also make it clear that the regulations apply to enterprises, private non-enterprise units, individual industrial and commercial households with hired workers, and workers who have formed labor relations with them within the territory of the People's Republic of China.

  "The increase in the minimum wage standard will play a direct role in increasing the wage level of low-income workers." Zhang Libin said that after excluding factors such as overtime wages and allowances under special working conditions, some employers actually implemented minimum wage standard.

The minimum wage standard has been raised. A large number of labor-intensive enterprise employees, catering services, wholesale and retail and other industries whose wages are below the average wage of the whole society, as well as some migrant workers and employees of small, medium and micro enterprises, especially implement hourly minimum wages. A large number of standard flexible employment groups will benefit.

This is conducive to guaranteeing the income rights of low-income workers in their normal work.

  Not only that, some treatment levels linked to the minimum wage standard will also be adjusted accordingly.

For example, many regions stipulate that the unemployment insurance payment standard is 90% of the minimum wage standard, and the employer's sick leave wages shall not be less than 80% of the minimum wage standard.

In addition, the wages of the workers during the probation period shall not be lower than the minimum wage standard of the place where the employer is located, and the social security payment base will also change accordingly with the adjustment of the minimum wage standard.

  In June of this year, at the same time when Beijing announced the adjustment of the minimum wage standard, it announced that the unemployment insurance payment standard and the disability allowance for work-related injuries had also been adjusted accordingly.

Starting from September 1 this year, Ningxia adjusted the minimum wage standard in the entire district. Yinchuan City subsequently adjusted the unemployment insurance and unemployment subsidy standards accordingly, and according to the adjusted standard, the unemployment insurance payment was 11.5 million yuan for 6,179 unemployed persons. Unemployed people received 8.33 million yuan in unemployment subsidies.

  "Some social security benefits and rights are based on the minimum wage standard. When the minimum wage standard is increased, social security rights and interests will be increased accordingly, which is conducive to the general benefit of workers." Zhang Libin said.

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