China News Service, Hangzhou, September 26th, title: Why does Lu Xun influence China, Japan and South Korea?
Expert: His work can resonate
Author Tong Xiaoyu
September 25 is the 140th anniversary of Lu Xun's birth.
At the commemorative meeting held in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, representatives of China, Japan and South Korea discussed each other's "spiritual hometown" through online exchanges.
How can a Chinese writer influence Japan and South Korea thousands of miles away?
Wang Zhongyi, editor-in-chief of People's China Magazine, said that this is related to Lu Xun's thinking about common human issues.
"Especially in East Asian countries, history and culture are highly related. Lu Xun's thinking is more likely to resonate."
Lu Xun is well-known in the world literary world and is known as "the writer who occupies the largest territory on the map of East Asian culture in the 20th century".
China, Japan and South Korea also listed their work "Hometown" as a classic in their textbooks.
Wang Zhongyi once visited Japan to study and has been engaged in cultural exchanges with Japan.
He said, "Japan did not treat Lu Xun as an outsider." In the eyes of the Japanese, Lu Xun's works are closely related to Japanese modern literature.
Lu Xun has a deep connection with Japan.
He studied in Japan, and his work "Mr. Fujino" describes the process of his awakening of national consciousness in Japan and his encounter with a Japanese teacher.
Japan is the earliest and most systematic place to study Lu Xun overseas. Not only has academic achievements been abundant, but there are even stage artists who put the friendship between Lu Xun and the Japanese Uchiyama on the stage of drama.
Wang Zhongyi said that in Japan, Lu Xun is an irreplaceable, unsurpassable, and unrepeatable existence, because the influence of his thoughts has exceeded the literary category.
He said that East Asian countries have gone through their own different modernization processes, but in the process of modernization they are facing the problem of the loss of their spiritual hometown.
How to return to the common spiritual homeland while maintaining modernity has become a common subject.
100 years ago, in the early 1920s, it was based on this kind of thinking that Lu Xun’s "Madman’s Diary", "Hometown", "The True Story of Ah Q" and other works were born in a relatively short period of time.
"At that time, people of insight in Japan were worried about the future of Japan, which was the first to enter modernization in East Asia. At that time, these works inspired them from the modern issues raised by Chinese writers." Wang Zhongyi said , 100 years later, the questions raised by Lu Xun's works still have universal significance in the face of the moment when the situation has undergone major changes unseen in a century.
According to Dong Bingyue, the president of the Lu Xun Research Association of China, the reason why Lu Xun has such a big influence in Japan and South Korea lies in the recognition of Lu Xun by the people of the two countries.
"They have a similar social change background." For example, "Hometown", regardless of class factors, it is also the result of the accelerated pace of urbanization and the rapid decline of the countryside.
The "I" in the article returned to my hometown for the last time, but I never found a free and heroic Runtu again.
When I left my hometown, I thought it would always be there, but suddenly one day, I found that it had become a stranger.
"We can see the state of intellectuals and ordinary people in that era. The'I' in the article hopes that the next generation will not live so hard like Runtu." Dong Bingyue said, this kind of "road" and "hope." The consciousness and thoughts of China are common in China, Japan and South Korea.
This is just as Lu Xun's eldest grandson and the chairman of Lu Xun Cultural Foundation Zhou Lingfei said, Lu Xun as a "cultural symbol" is not only Chinese, but also of Asia, but also of the whole world.
Zhou Shuren is a "people of the world".